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Table of Contents
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-13992
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
| | | | | | | | | |
| Texas | | 76-0458229 |
| (State or other jurisdiction of | | (I.R.S. Employer |
| incorporation or organization) | | Identification No.) |
10737 Cutten Road
Houston, Texas 77066
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(281) 397-6730
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Title of each class | | Trading Symbol(s) | | Name of each exchange on which registered |
| Common stock, $0.01 par value | | RICK | | The Nasdaq Global Market |
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer x Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
As of May 6, 2024, 9,325,117 shares of the registrant's common stock were outstanding.
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Table of Contents
NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements, which are other than statements of historical facts. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including, without limitation, the following sections: Part I, Item 2 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations." Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "expects," "intends," "plans," "predicts," "projects," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result," and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Important factors that in our view could cause material adverse effects on our financial condition and results of operations include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties associated with (i) operating and managing an adult business, (ii) the business climates in cities where we operate, (iii) the success or lack thereof in launching and building our businesses, (iv) cyber security, (v) conditions relevant to real estate transactions, (vi) the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and (vii) numerous other factors such as laws governing the operation of adult entertainment businesses, competition and dependence on key personnel. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to any forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
As used herein, the "Company," "we," "our," and similar terms include RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
2

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
| | | | | | | | | |
| | | Page |
| PART I | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | |
| | | |
| Item 1. | Financial Statements | 4 |
| | | |
| | Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2024 (unaudited) and September 30, 2023 | 4 |
| | | |
| | Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (unaudited) for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 | 5 |months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 | 5 |
| | | |
| | Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (unaudited) for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 | 6 |months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 | 6 |
| | | |
| | Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 | 7 |six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 | 7 |
| | | |
| | Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) | 9 |
| | | |
| Item 2. | Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations | 23 |
| | | |
| Item 3. | Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk | 37 |
| | | |
| Item 4. | Controls and Procedures | 37 |
| | | |
| PART II | OTHER INFORMATION | |
| | | |
| Item 1. | Legal Proceedings | 39 |
| | | |
| Item1A. | Risk Factors | 39 |
| | | |
| Item 2. | Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds | 39 |
| | | |
| Item 6. | Exhibits | 40 |
| | | |
| | Signatures | 41 |
3

Table of Contents
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except par value and number of shares)
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | March 31, 2024 | | September 30, 2023 |
| | (unaudited) | | |
| ASSETS | | | |
| Current assets | | | |
| Cash and cash equivalents | $ | 19,973 | | | $ | 21,023 | |
| Accounts receivable, net | 8,779 | | | 9,846 | |
| Current portion of notes receivable | 265 | | | 249 | |
| Inventories | 4,554 | | | 4,412 | |
| Prepaid expenses and other current assets | 8,387 | | | 1,943 | |
| Assets held for sale | 74 | | | - | |
| Total current assets | 42,032 | | | 37,473 | |
| Property and equipment, net | 288,224 | | | 282,705 | |
| Operating lease right-of-use assets, net | 33,396 | | | 34,931 | |
| Notes receivable, net of current portion | 4,289 | | | 4,443 | |
| Goodwill | 67,862 | | | 70,772 | |
| Intangibles, net | 172,728 | | | 179,145 | |
| Other assets | 1,362 | | | 1,415 | |
| Total assets | $ | 609,893 | | | $ | 610,884 | |
| | | | |
| LIABILITIES AND EQUITY | | | |
| Current liabilities | | | |
| Accounts payable | $ | 5,632 | | | $ | 6,111 | |
| Accrued liabilities | 22,597 | | | 16,051 | |
| Current portion of debt obligations, net | 25,072 | | | 22,843 | |
| Current portion of operating lease liabilities | 3,098 | | | 2,977 | |
| Total current liabilities | 56,399 | | | 47,982 | |
| Deferred tax liability, net | 27,232 | | | 29,143 | |
| Debt, net of current portion and debt discount and issuance costs | 206,853 | | | 216,908 | |
| Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion | 33,593 | | | 35,175 | |
| Other long-term liabilities | 317 | | | 352 | |
| Total liabilities | 324,394 | | | 329,560 | |
| | | | |
| Commitments and contingencies (Note 9) | | | |
| | | | |
| Equity | | | |
| Preferred stock, $0.10 par value per share; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding | - | | | - | |
| Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 9,332,420 and 9,397,639 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, respectively | 93 | | | 94 | |
| Additional paid-in capital | 77,742 | | | 80,437 | |
| Retained earnings | 207,928 | | | 201,050 | |
| Total RCIHH stockholders' equity | 285,763 | | | 281,581 | |
| Noncontrolling interests | (264) | | | (257) | |
| Total equity | 285,499 | | | 281,324 | |
| Total liabilities and equity | $ | 609,893 | | | $ | 610,884 | |
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share and number of share data)
(unaudited)
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Revenues | | | | | | | |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | $ | 32,907 | | | $ | 30,136 | | | $ | 66,223 | | | $ | 59,786 | |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 11,068 | | | 11,005 | | | 21,870 | | | 21,352 | |
| Service revenues | 25,119 | | | 25,563 | |
| Service revenues | 23,564 | | | 25,690 | | | 48,683 | | | 51,253 | |
| Other | 4,744 | | | 4,686 | | | 9,414 | | | 9,094 | |
| Total revenues | 73,907 | | | 69,968 | |
| Total revenues | 72,283 | | | 71,517 | | | 146,190 | | | 141,485 | |
| Operating expenses | | | | | | | |
| Cost of goods sold | | | | | | | |
| Alcoholic beverages sold | 6,281 | | | 5,374 | |
| Alcoholic beverages sold | 5,891 | | | 5,365 | | | 12,172 | | | 10,739 | |
| Food and merchandise sold | 4,038 | | | 3,586 | |
| Food and merchandise sold | 3,993 | | | 3,737 | | | 8,031 | | | 7,323 | |
| Service and other | 35 | | | 16 | | | 75 | | | 65 | |
| Total cost of goods sold (exclusive of items shown separately below) | 9,919 | | | 9,118 | | | 20,278 | | | 18,127 | |
| Salaries and wages | 21,332 | | | 18,676 | |
| Salaries and wages | 20,975 | | | 19,428 | | | 42,307 | | | 38,104 | |
| Selling, general and administrative | 24,653 | | | 22,026 | | | 49,854 | | | 44,758 | |
| Depreciation and amortization | 3,884 | | | 3,760 | | | 7,737 | | | 7,067 | |
| Other charges, net | (3) | | | (654) | |
| Other charges, net | 8,195 | | | 3,758 | | | 8,192 | | | 3,104 | |
| Total operating expenses | 60,742 | | | 53,070 | |
| Total operating expenses | 67,626 | | | 58,090 | | | 128,368 | | | 111,160 | |
| Income from operations | 13,165 | | | 16,898 | |
| Income from operations | 4,657 | | | 13,427 | | | 17,822 | | | 30,325 | |
| Other income (expenses) | | | | | | | |
| Interest expense | (4,216) | | | (3,687) | |
| Interest expense | (3,999) | | | (3,677) | | | (8,215) | | | (7,364) | |
| Interest income | 96 | | | 90 | | | 190 | | | 181 | |
| Income before income taxes | 9,043 | | | 13,302 | |
| Income before income taxes | 754 | | | 9,840 | | | 9,797 | | | 23,142 | |
| Income tax expense | 1,799 | | | 3,031 | |
| Income tax expense | 5 | | | 2,147 | | | 1,804 | | | 5,178 | |
| Net income | 749 | | | 7,693 | | | 7,993 | | | 17,964 | |
| Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests | 25 | | | 39 | | | 7 | | | 6 | |
| Net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders | $ | 774 | | | $ | 7,732 | | | $ | 8,000 | | | $ | 17,970 | |
| | | | | | | | |
| Earnings per share | | | | | | | |
| Basic and diluted | $ | 0.77 | | | $ | 1.11 | |
| Basic and diluted | $ | 0.08 | | | $ | 0.83 | | | $ | 0.85 | | | $ | 1.94 | |
| | | | | | | | |
| Weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share | | | | | | | |
| Basic and diluted | 9,367,151 | | | 9,230,258 | |
| Basic and diluted | 9,350,292 | | | 9,265,781 | | | 9,358,768 | | | 9,247,824 | |
| | | | | | | | |
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Common Stock | | Additional | | Retained | | Treasury Stock | | Noncontrolling | | Total |
| | | | Paid-In | | Earnings | | | | Interests | | Equity |
| | | | Capital | | | | | | | | |
| | Number | | Amount | | | | Number | | Amount | | |
| | of Shares | | | | | | of Shares | | | | |
| Balance at September 30, 2023 | 9,397,639 | | | $ | 94 | | | $ | 80,437 | | | $ | 201,050 | | | - | | | $ | - | | | $ | (257) | | | $ | 281,324 | |
| Purchase of treasury shares | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (37,954) | | | (2,072) | | | - | | | (2,072) | |
| Canceled treasury shares | (37,954) | | | - | | | (2,072) | | | - | | | 37,954 | | | 2,072 | | | - | | | - | |
| Excise tax on stock repurchases | - | | | - | | | (20) | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (20) | |
| Payment of dividends ($0.06 per share) | - | | | - | | | - | | | (562) | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (562) | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | 470 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 470 | |
| Net income | - | | | - | | | - | | | 7,226 | | | - | | | - | | | 18 | | | 7,244 | |
| Balance at December 31, 2023 | 9,359,685 | | | 94 | | | 78,815 | | | 207,714 | | | - | | | - | | | (239) | | | 286,384 | |
| Purchase of treasury shares | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (27,265) | | | (1,530) | | | - | | | (1,530) | |
| Canceled treasury shares | (27,265) | | | (1) | | | (1,529) | | | - | | | 27,265 | | | 1,530 | | | - | | | - | |
| Excise tax on stock repurchases | - | | | - | | | (15) | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (15) | |
| Payment of dividends ($0.06 per share) | - | | | - | | | - | | | (560) | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (560) | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | 471 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 471 | |
| Net income (loss) | - | | | - | | | - | | | 774 | | | - | | | - | | | (25) | | | 749 | |
| Balance at March 31, 2024 | 9,332,420 | | | $ | 93 | | | $ | 77,742 | | | $ | 207,928 $ | 94 | | | $ | 78,815 | | | $ | 207,714 | | | - | | | $ | - | | | $ | (264) | | | $ | 285,499 | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Balance at September 30, 2022 | 9,231,725 | | | $ | 92 | | | $ | 67,227 | | | $ | 173,950 | | | - | | | $ | - | | | $ | 489 | | | $ | 241,758 | |
| Purchase of treasury shares | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (1,500) | | | (98) | | | - | | | (98) | |
| Canceled treasury shares | (1,500) | | | - | | | (98) | | | - | | | 1,500 | | | 98 | | | - | | | - | |
| Payment of dividends ($0.05 per share) | - | | | - | | | - | | | (462) | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (462) | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | 941 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 941 | |
| Share in return of investment by noncontrolling partner | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (600) | | | (600) | |
| Net income | - | | | - | | | - | | | 10,238 | | | - | | | - | | | 33 | | | 10,271 | |
| Balance at December 31, 2022 | 9,230,225 | | | 92 | | | 68,070 | | | 183,726 | | | - | | | - | | | (78) | | | 251,810 | |
| Issuance of common shares for business combination | 200,000 | | | 2 | | | 16,306 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 16,308 | |
| Payment of dividends ($0.06 per share) | - | | | - | | | - | | | (553) | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | (553) | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | 706 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 706 | |
| Net income (loss) | - | | | - | | | - | | | 7,732 | | | - | | | - | | | (39) | | | 7,693 | |
| Balance at March 31, 2023 | 9,430,225 | | | $ | 94 | | | $ | 85,082 | | | $ | 190,905 $ | 92 | | | $ | 68,070 | | | $ | 183,726 | | | - | | | $ | - | | | $ | (117) | | | $ | 275,964 | |
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES | | | |
| Net income | $ | 7,244 | | | $ | 10,271 | |
| Net income | $ | 7,993 | | | $ | 17,964 | |
| Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities: | | | |
| Depreciation and amortization | 7,737 | | | 7,067 | |
| Impairment of assets | 8,033 | | | 662 | |
| Deferred income tax benefit | (1,911) | | | - | |
| Stock-based compensation | 941 | | | 1,647 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | 37 | | | (689) | |
| Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs | 312 | | | 291 | |
| Noncash lease expense | 1,535 | | | 1,463 | |
| Gain on insurance | - | | | (91) | |
| Doubtful accounts expense on notes receivable | 22 | | | - | |
| Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of business acquisitions: | | | |
| Accounts receivable | 1,229 | | | 1,447 | |
| Accounts receivable | 1,067 | | | 708 | |
| Inventories | (142) | | | 79 | |
| Prepaid expenses, other current and other assets | (6,420) | | | (5,705) | |
| Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities | 5,265 | | | 8,288 | |
| Net cash provided by operating activities | 24,469 | | | 31,684 | |
| CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES | | | |
| Proceeds from sale of businesses and assets | - | | | 2,810 | |
| Proceeds from insurance | - | | | 91 | |
| Proceeds from notes receivable | 116 | | | 113 | |
| Payments for property and equipment and intangible assets | (12,802) | | | (22,090) | |
| Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired | - | | | (29,000) | |
| Net cash used in investing activities | (12,686) | | | (48,076) | |
| CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES | | | |
| Proceeds from debt obligations | 2,657 | | | 11,595 | |
| Payments on debt obligations | (10,630) | | | (6,481) | |
| Purchase of treasury stock | (3,602) | | | (98) | |
| Payment of dividends | (562) | | | (462) | |
| Payment of dividends | (1,122) | | | (1,015) | |
| Payment of loan origination costs | (136) | | | (205) | |
| Share in return of investment by noncontrolling partner | - | | | (600) | |
| Net cash used in) financing activities | (8,421) | | | (3,117) | |
| Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities | (12,833) | | | 3,196 | |
| NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS | 132 | | | (1,872) | |
| NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS | (1,050) | | | (13,196) | |
| CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD | 21,023 | | | 35,980 | |
| CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD | $ | 19,973 | | | $ | 22,784 | |
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| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| CASH PAID DURING PERIOD FOR: | | | |
| Interest | $ | 4,017 | | | $ | 3,490 | |
| Interest | $ | 7,877 | | | $ | 6,874 | |
| Income taxes | $ | 2,510 | | | $ | 5,605 | |
| | | | |
| Noncash investing and financing transactions: | | | |
| Debt incurred in connection with acquisition of businesses | $ | - | | | $ | 30,405 | |
| Debt incurred in connection with purchase of property and equipment | $ | - | | | $ | 7,584 | |
| Issuance of shares of common stock for acquisition of businesses: | | | |
| Number of shares | - | | | 200,000 | |
| Fair value | $ | - | | | $ | 16,308 | |
| Adjustment to operating lease right-of-use assets related to new and renewed leases | $ | - | | | $ | 1,659 | |
| Adjustment to operating lease liabilities related to new and renewed leases | $ | - | | | $ | 1,958 | |
| Unpaid excise tax on stock repurchases | $ | 35 | | | $ | - | |
| Unpaid liabilities on capital expenditures | $ | 1,244 | | | $ | 3,045 | |
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)





1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (the "Company," "RCIHH," "we," or "us") have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP" or "U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q of Regulation S-X. They do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The September 30, 2023 consolidated balance sheet data were derived from audited financial statements but do not include all disclosures required by GAAP. However, except as disclosed herein, there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2023 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 14, 2023. The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with those consolidated financial statements included in the Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of the financial statements, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, have been made. Operating results for the six months ended March 31, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2024.
2. Recent Accounting Standards and Pronouncements
In October 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. This ASU amends Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 805 to require acquiring entities to apply ASC 606 to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities in business combinations. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted ASU 2021-08 on October 1, 2023. Our adoption of this ASU did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2022, the FASB issued ASU 2022-03, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Fair Value Measurement of Equity Securities Subject to Contractual Sale Restrictions. The amendments in this ASU clarify that an entity should measure the fair value of an equity security subject to contractual sale restriction the same way it measures an identical equity security that is not subject to such a restriction. The FASB said the contractual restriction on the sale of an equity security is not considered part of the unit of account of the equity security and, therefore, should not affect its fair value. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We have not yet evaluated the impact of this ASU are evaluating the impact of this ASU and we believe that the adoption of this guidance will not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-01, Leases (Topic 842): Common Control Arrangements, which amends certain provisions of ASC 842 that apply to arrangements between related parties under common control. The ASU requires all companies to amortize leasehold improvements associated with common control leases over the asset's useful life to the common control group regardless of the lease term. It also allows private and certain not-for-profit entities to use the written terms and conditions of an agreement to account for common control leases without further assessing the legal enforceability of those terms. The guidance is effective for all entities in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for both interim and annual financial statements that have not yet been made available for issuance. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU but we believe that the adoption of this guidance will not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




2. Recent Accounting Standards and Pronouncements - continued
In August 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-05, Business Combinations-Joint Venture Formations (Subtopic 805-60): Recognition and Initial Measurement, which addresses the accounting for contributions made to a joint venture, upon formation, in a joint venture's separate financial statements. The objectives of the ASU are to (1) provide decision-useful information to investors and other allocators of capital in a joint venture's financial statements and (2) reduce diversity in practice. The FASB decided to require a joint venture to apply a new basis of accounting upon formation that will recognize and initially measure its assets and liabilities at fair value (with exceptions to fair value measurement that are consistent with the business combinations guidance). The amendments of this ASU are effective prospectively for all joint venture formations with a formation date on or after January 1, 2025. Additionally, a joint venture that was formed before January 1, 2025 may elect to apply the amendments retrospectively if it has sufficient information. early adoptions is permitted in any interim or annual period in which financial statements have not yet been issued (or made available for issuance), either prospectively or retrospectively. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements.
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which aims to improve reportable segment disclosure requirements, primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses. In addition, the amendments in the ASU enhance interim disclosure requirements, clarify circumstances in which an entity can disclose multiple segment measures of profit or loss, provide new segment disclosure requirements for entities with a single reportable segment, and contain other disclosure requirements. The purpose of the amendments is to enable investors to better understand an entity's overall performance and assess potential future cash flows. The ASU applies to all public entities that are required to report segment information in accordance with ASC 280, and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the impact of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. Under the ASU, public business entities must annually (1) disclose specific categories in the rate reconciliation and (2) provide additional information for reconciling items that meet a quantitative threshold (if the effect of those reconciling items is equal to or greater than five percent of the amount computed by multiplying pretax income or loss by the applicable statutory income tax rate. The amendments of the ASU are effective for public business entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. Entities are permitted to early adopt the standard for annual financial statements that have not been issued or made available for issuance. We are enhancing our income tax reporting system to be able to capture the required disclosures of this ASU.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




3. Revenues
Revenues, as disaggregated by revenue type, timing of recognition, and reportable segment (see also Note 4), are shown below (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended December 31, 2023 | | Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 | | Three Months Ended March 31, 2023 |
| | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Total | | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Total |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | $ | 25,946 | | | $ | 6,961 | | | $ | - | | | $ | 33,316 | | | $ | 22,098 | | | $ | 7,552 | | | $ | - | | | $ | 29,650 | |32,907 | | | $ | 22,191 | | | $ | 7,945 | | | $ | - | | | $ | 30,136 | |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 5,240 | | | 5,562 | | | - | | | 10,802 | | | 4,594 | | | 5,753 | | | - | | | 10,347 | |5,346 | | | 5,722 | | | - | | | 11,068 | | | 4,823 | | | 6,182 | | | - | | | 11,005 | |
| Service revenues | 25,119 | | | - | | | - | | | 25,119 | | |25,533 | | | 30 | | | - | | | 25,563 | |
| Service revenues | 23,562 | | | 2 | | | - | | | 23,564 | | | 25,686 | | | 4 | | | - | | | 25,690 | |
| Other revenues | 4,518 | | | 86 | | | 140 | | | 4,744 | | | 4,331 | | | 184 | | | 171 | | | 4,686 | |
| | $ | 59,372 | | | $ | 12,771 | | | $ | 140 | | | $ | 72,283 | | | $ | 57,031 | | | $ | 14,315 | | | $ | 171 | | | $ | 71,517 | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Recognized at a point in time | $ | 58,949 | | | $ | 12,770 | | | $ | 140 | | | $ | 71,859 | | | $ | 56,577 | | | $ | 14,274 | | | $ | 127 | | | $ | 70,978 | |
| Recognized over time | 423 | | * | 1 | | | - | | | 424 | | | 454 | | * | 41 | | | 44 | | | 539 | |
| | $ | 59,372 | | | $ | 12,771 | | | $ | 140 | | | $ | 72,283 | | | $ | 57,031 | | | $ | 14,315 | | | $ | 171 | | | $ | 71,517 | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Six Months Ended March 31, 2024 | | Six Months Ended March 31, 2023 |
| | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Total | | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Total |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | $ | 52,182 | | | $ | 14,041 | | | $ | - | | | $ | 66,223 | | | $ | 44,289 | | | $ | 15,497 | | | $ | - | | | $ | 59,786 | |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 10,586 | | | 11,284 | | | - | | | 21,870 | | | 9,417 | | | 11,935 | | | - | | | 21,352 | |

| Service revenues | 48,681 | | | 2 | | | - | | | 48,683 | | | 51,219 | | | 34 | | | - | | | 51,253 | |
| Other revenues | 4,438 | | | 89 | | | 143 | | | 4,670 | | | 4,100 | | | 96 | | | 212 | | | 4,408 | |
| Other revenues | 8,956 | | | 175 | | | 283 | | | 9,414 | | | 8,431 | | | 280 | | | 383 | | | 9,094 | |
| | $ | 120,405 | | | $ | 25,502 | | | $ | 283 | | | $ | 73,907 | | | $ | 56,325 | | | $ | 13,431 146,190 | | | $ | 113,356 | | | $ | 27,746 | | | $ | 383 | | | $ | 141,485 | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Recognized at a point in time | $ | 119,549 | | | $ | 25,500 | | | $ | 283 | | | $ | 73,473 | | | $ | 55,918 | | | $ | 13,428 145,332 | | | $ | 112,495 | | | $ | 27,702 | | | $ | 338 | | | $ | 140,535 | |
| Recognized over time | 856 | | * | 2 | | | - | | | 858 | | | 861 | | * | 44 | | | 45 | | | 950 | |
| | $ | 120,405 | | | $ | 25,502 | | | $ | 283 | | | $ | 73,907 | | | $ | 56,325 | | | $ | 13,431 146,190 | | | $ | 113,356 | | | $ | 27,746 | | | $ | 383 | | | $ | 141,485 | |
* Lease revenue (included in Other Revenues) as covered by ASC 842. All other revenues are covered by ASC 606.

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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




3. Revenues - continued
The Company does not have contract assets with customers. The Company's unconditional right to consideration for goods and services transferred to the customer is included in accounts receivable, net in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet. A reconciliation of contract liabilities with customers is presented below (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Balance at | | Net Consideration | | Recognized in | | Balance at |
| | September 30, 2023 | | Received (Refunded) | | Revenue | | March 31, 2024 |
| Ad revenue | $ | 49 | | | $ | 244 | | | $ | (207) | | | $ | 86 | |
| Expo revenue | 1 | | | 422 | | | - | | | 423 | |
| Franchise fees and other | 46 | | | - | | | (3) | | | 43 | |
| | $ | 96 | | | $ | 666 | | | $ | (210) | | | $ | 552 | |
Contract liabilities with customers are included in accrued liabilities as unearned revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets (see also Note 5), while the revenues associated with these contract liabilities are included in other revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
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4. Segment Information
The Company owns and operates adult nightclubs and Bombshells Restaurants and Bars. The Company has identified such segments based on management responsibility and the nature of the Company's products, services, and costs. There are no major distinctions in geographical areas served as all operations are in the United States. The Company measures segment profit (loss) as income (loss) from operations. Segment assets are those assets controlled by each reportable segment. The Other category below includes our media and energy drink divisions that are not significant to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Below is the financial information related to the Company's segments (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Revenues (from external customers) | | | | | | | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 61,033 | | | $ | 56,325 | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 59,372 | | | $ | 57,031 | | | $ | 120,405 | | | $ | 113,356 | |
| Bombshells | 12,771 | | | 14,315 | | | 25,502 | | | 27,746 | |
| Other | 140 | | | 171 | | | 283 | | | 383 | |
| | $ | 72,283 | | | $ | 71,517 | | | $ | 146,190 | | | $ | 141,485 | |
| | | | | | | | |
| Income (loss) from operations | | | | | | | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 20,369 | | | $ | 22,740 | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 11,021 | | | $ | 17,995 | | | $ | 31,390 | | | $ | 40,735 | |
| Bombshells | 699 | | | 1,775 | | | 785 | | | 3,622 | |
| Other | (277) | | | (168) | | | (473) | | | (353) | |
| Corporate | (6,786) | | | (6,175) | | | (13,880) | | | (13,679) | |
| | $ | 4,657 | | | $ | 13,427 | | | $ | 17,822 | | | $ | 30,325 | |



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4. Segment Information - continued
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Depreciation and amortization | | | | | | | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 2,905 | | | $ | 2,485 | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 2,927 | | | $ | 2,464 | | | $ | 5,832 | | | $ | 4,949 | |
| Bombshells | 650 | | | 931 | | | 1,293 | | | 1,389 | |
| Other | 2 | | | 63 | | | 4 | | | 126 | |
| Corporate | 305 | | | 302 | | | 608 | | | 603 | |
| | $ | 3,884 | | | $ | 3,760 | | | $ | 7,737 | | | $ | 7,067 | |
| | | | | | | | |
| Capital expenditures | | | | | | | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 1,532 | | | $ | 4,144 | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 2,699 | | | $ | 1,214 | | | $ | 4,231 | | | $ | 5,358 | |
| Bombshells | 1,535 | | | 6,708 | | | 3,443 | | | 15,027 | |
| Other | 2,205 | | | 41 | | | 3,703 | | | 78 | |
| Corporate | 1,228 | | | 1,574 | | | 1,425 | | | 1,627 | |
| | $ | 5,135 | | | $ | 12,553 | |

| | $ | 7,667 | | | $ | 9,537 | | | $ | 12,802 | | | $ | 22,090 | |




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4. Segment Information - continued
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | March 31, 2024 | | September 30, 2023 |
| Total assets | | | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 472,743 | | | $ | 483,563 | |
| Bombshells | 89,679 | | | 85,215 | |
| Other | 11,945 | | | 6,936 | |
| Corporate | 35,526 | | | 35,170 | |
| | $ | 609,893 | | | $ | 610,884 | |
Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended December 31, 2023, amounting to $4.5 million and $227,000, respectively, and for the three months ended December 31, 2022, amounting to $3.7 million and $231,000, March 31, 2024, amounting to $4.6 million and $21,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2024, amounting to $9.1 million and $248,000, respectively; and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 amounting to $89,000 and $128,000, respectively. Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended March 31, 2023, amounting to $3.9 million and $31,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2023, amounting to $7.6 million and $262,000, respectively; and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023 amounting to $78,000 and $115,000, months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 amounting to $39,000 and $37,000, respectively. These intercompany revenue amounts are eliminated upon consolidation.
General corporate expenses include corporate salaries, health insurance and social security taxes for officers, legal, accounting and information technology employees, corporate taxes and insurance, legal and accounting fees, depreciation and other corporate costs such as automobile and travel costs. Management considers these to be non-allocable costs for segment purposes.
Certain real estate assets previously wholly assigned to Bombshells have been subdivided and allocated to other future development or investment projects. Accordingly, those asset costs have been transferred out of the Bombshells segment.
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5. Selected Account Information
The components of accounts receivable, net are as follows (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | March 31, 2024 | | September 30, 2023 |
| Credit card receivables | $ | 4,154 | | | $ | 4,141 | |
| Income tax refundable | 1,756 | | | 2,989 | |
| ATM in-transit | 1,753 | | | 1,675 | |
| Other (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $21 and $62, respectively) | 1,116 | | | 1,041 | |
| Total accounts receivable, net | $ | 8,779 | | | $ | 9,846 | |
Notes receivable consist primarily of secured promissory notes executed between the Company and various buyers of our businesses and assets with interest rates ranging from 6% to 9% per annum and having original terms ranging from 1 to 20 years.
The components of prepaid expenses and other current assets are as follows (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | March 31, 2024 | | September 30, 2023 |
| Prepaid insurance | $ | 6,203 | | | $ | 375 | |
| Prepaid legal | 61 | | | 184 | |
| Prepaid taxes and licenses | 801 | | | 486 | |
| Prepaid rent | 513 | | | 346 | |
| Other | 809 | | | 552 | |
| Total prepaid expenses and other current assets | $ | 8,387 | | | $ | 1,943 | |
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5. Selected Account Information - continued
The components of accrued liabilities are as follows (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | March 31, 2024 | | September 30, 2023 |
| Insurance | $ | 6,017 | | | $ | 9 | |
| Sales and liquor taxes | 2,646 | | | 2,468 | |
| Payroll and related costs | 4,654 | | | 4,412 | |
| Property taxes | 2,103 | | | 3,086 | |
| Interest | 680 | | | 654 | |
| Patron tax | 1,229 | | | 914 | |
| Unearned revenues | 552 | | | 96 | |
| Lawsuit settlement | 2,153 | | | 2,448 | |
| Other | 2,563 | | | 1,964 | |
| Total accrued liabilities | $ | 22,597 | | | $ | 16,051 | |
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5. Selected Account Information - continued
The components of selling, general and administrative expenses are as follows (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Taxes and permits | $ | 3,967 | | | $ | 2,739 | | | $ | 8,009 | | | $ | 5,423 | |
| Advertising and marketing | 3,474 | | | 2,670 | |
| Advertising and marketing | 2,993 | | | 2,731 | | | 6,467 | | | 5,401 | |
| Supplies and services | 2,695 | | | 2,424 | |
| Supplies and services | 2,736 | | | 2,657 | | | 5,431 | | | 5,081 | |
| Insurance | 3,265 | | | 2,238 | | | 6,580 | | | 4,820 | |
| Legal | 1,116 | | | 1,296 | | | 1,849 | | | 2,281 | |
| Lease | 1,785 | | | 1,765 | | | 3,609 | | | 3,527 | |
| Charge card fees | 1,732 | | | 1,897 | |
| Charge card fees | 1,682 | | | 1,683 | | | 3,414 | | | 3,580 | |
| Utilities | 1,462 | | | 1,353 | | | 2,947 | | | 2,624 | |
| Security | 1,287 | | | 1,308 | | | 2,698 | | | 2,472 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 471 | | | 706 | | | 941 | | | 1,647 | |
| Accounting and professional fees | 1,136 | | | 657 | | | 2,322 | | | 2,175 | |
| Repairs and maintenance | 1,099 | | | 1,164 | |
| Repairs and maintenance | 1,114 | | | 1,207 | | | 2,213 | | | 2,371 | |
| Other | 1,639 | | | 1,686 | | | 3,374 | | | 3,356 | |
| Total selling, general and administrative expenses | $ | 24,653 | | | $ | 22,026 | | | $ | 49,854 | | | $ | 44,758 | |
The components of other charges, net are as follows (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Impairment of assets | $ | 8,033 | | | $ | 662 | | | $ | 8,033 | | | $ | 662 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 167 | | | 3,120 | | | 167 | | | 3,120 | |
| Loss (gain) on disposal of businesses and assets | (5) | | | 3 | | | (8) | | | (587) | |
| Gain on insurance | - | | | (27) | | | - | | | (91) | |
| Total other charges, net | $ | 8,195 | | | $ | 3,758 | | | $ | 8,192 | | | $ | 3,104 | |
During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, we recorded $4.4 million in SOB license impairment related to four clubs, $2.9 million in goodwill impairment related to two clubs, and $693,000 in tradename impairment related to one club, whereas during the quarter ended March 31, 2023, we recorded $662,000 in goodwill impairment related to one club.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2023, we recognized lawsuit settlements of $3.1 million, of which $2.8 million related to a settlement with the New York Department of Labor related to the assessment by the New York Department of Labor for state unemployment insurance. See Note 9.

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6. Debt
On October 25, 2023, the Company entered into a debt modification transaction under which 26 investors holding a total principal amount of $15.7 million in unsecured promissory notes agreed to extend the maturity dates of such notes, with no other changes to the terms and conditions of the original promissory notes, which original promissory notes were issued in October 2021 and had original maturity dates in October 2024. The transaction was effected by the 26 investors returning for cancellation their original promissory notes, with us issuing new amended and restated promissory notes to such investors. The original promissory notes were deemed cancelled as of the end of the day on October 31, 2023, and the new amended promissory notes will have an original issue date, and be deemed effective, as of November 1, 2023.
Other than the extension of the maturity dates, there were no other changes to the terms and conditions of the original promissory notes (except for the reduction in principal, as described below, and the corresponding reduction in monthly installments of principal and interest). The new amended notes will continue to bear interest at the rate of 12% per annum. Of the new amended promissory notes, $9.1 million are payable interest-only monthly (or quarterly) in arrears, with a final lump sum payment of principal and accrued and unpaid interest due on October 1, 2026. The remaining $6.6 million in the amended promissory notes are payable in monthly payments of principal and interest based on a 10-year amortization period, with the balance of the entire principal amount together with all accrued and unpaid interest due and payable in full on November 1, 2027. The original promissory notes that were returned and cancelled as consideration for the issuance of the $6.6 million in new amended promissory notes had an original principal amount of $7.5 million in October 2021.
On November 17, 2023, the Company closed on a construction loan agreement with a bank lender for a total amount of $7.2 million bearing an interest rate of 8.5% per annum for the construction of a Bombshells restaurant in Rowlett, Texas. The promissory note is payable in 120 monthly payments, the first 18 months of which will be interest-only. The succeeding 101 monthly payments will be payable in equal installments of $63,022 in principal and interest, and the remaining balance in principal and accrued interest payable on the 120th month. The loan is secured by the real estate property under construction. There are certain financial covenants with which the Company is to be in compliance related to this loan.
Future maturities of long-term debt as of December 31, 2023 are as follows: $20.4 million, $24.1 million, $22.6 million, $21.9 million, $19.9 million and $128.2 March 31, 2024 are as follows: $25.6 million, $17.9 million, $23.1 million, $25.6 million, $17.7 million and $124.9 million for the twelve months ending March 31, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029, and thereafter, respectively. Of the maturity schedule mentioned above, $12.0 million, $4.8 million, $9.1 million, $7.9 million, $2.7 million and $73.6 million, respectively, relate to scheduled balloon payments. Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs amounted to $2.8 million and $2.9 million as of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, respectively.

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7. Stock-based Compensation
On February 7, 2022, our board of directors approved the 2022 Stock Option Plan (the "2022 Plan"). The board's adoption of the 2022 Plan was approved by the shareholders during the annual stockholders' meeting on August 23, 2022. The 2022 Plan provides that the maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock underlying options that may be granted under the 2022 Plan is 300,000. The options granted under the 2022 Plan may be either incentive stock options or non-qualified options. The 2022 Plan is administered by the compensation committee of the board of directors. The compensation committee has the exclusive power to select individuals to receive grants, to establish the terms of the options granted to each participant, provided that all options granted shall be granted at an exercise price not less than the fair market value of the common stock covered by the option on the grant date, and to make all determinations necessary or advisable under the 2022 Plan. On February 9, 2022, the board of directors approved a grant of 50,000 stock options to each of six members of management subject to the approval of the 2022 Plan.
Stock-based compensation, for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, which is included in corporate segment selling, general and administrative expenses amounted to $470,000 and $941,000 respectively. As of December 31, 2023, $471,000 and $941,000 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $706,000 and $1.6 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, we had unrecognized compensation cost amounting to $3.5 million related to stock-based compensation awards granted, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years.
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7. Stock-based Compensation - continued
The February 9, 2022 stock options vest over four years with the first 20% having vested on the approval of the 2022 Plan at the 2022 annual stockholders' meeting on August 23, 2022, and 20% vesting on February 9 of each year thereafter, provided however that the options will be subject to earlier vesting under certain events set forth in the Plan, including without limitation a change in control. All of the options will expire, if not exercised, at the end of five years. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the stock options was $31.37 per share. No stock options were exercised during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024. As of March 31, 2024, 180,000 months ended December 31, 2023. As of December 31, 2023, 120,000 stock options were vested and exercisable.
For the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, For the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we excluded 300,000 stock options from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because their effect was anti-dilutive. Aside from the outstanding stock options, there were no other potentially dilutive securities for inclusion in the calculation of diluted earnings per share.
8. Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $1.8 million and $3.0 million during the three months ended December 31, 2023, and 2022,Income tax expense was $5,000 and $1.8 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, compared to $2.1 million and $5.2 million during the three and six months ended and March 31, 2023, respectively. The effective income tax expense rate was 19.9% and 22.8% for the three months ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, respectively. rate was 0.7% and 18.4% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 21.8% and 22.4% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. The disproportionate tax rates during the three months ended March 31, 2024 were caused by the small amount of pre-tax income during the quarter and the reduction of the expected annual effective tax rate. Our effective income tax rate is affected by state taxes, permanent differences, and tax credits, including the FICA tip credit, for both years, as presented below.
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Federal statutory income tax expense | 21.0 | % | | 21.0 | % | | 21.0 | % | | 21.0 | % |
| State income taxes, net of federal benefit | 5.2 | % | | 4.0 | % | | 3.6 | % | | 4.0 | % |
| Permanent differences | 0.5 | % | | 0.5 | % |
| Permanent differences | 4.8 | % | | 0.6 | % | | 0.8 | % | | 0.5 | % |
| Tax credits | (30.2) | % | | (3.8) | % | | (6.9) | % | | (3.2) | % |
| Other | - | % | | - | % | | - | % | | 0.1 | % |
| Total income tax expense | 19.9 | % | | 22.8 | % |
| Total income tax expense | 0.7 | % | | 21.8 | % | | 18.4 | % | | 22.4 | % |
The Company or one of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various states. Fiscal year ended September 30, 2020 and subsequent years remain open to federal tax examination. The Company ordinarily goes through various federal and state reviews and examinations for various tax matters.
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9. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
Texas Patron Tax
A declaratory judgment action was brought by five operating subsidiaries of the Company to challenge a Texas Comptroller administrative rule related to the $5 per customer Patron Tax Fee assessed against Sexually Oriented Businesses. An administrative rule attempted to expand the fee to cover venues featuring dancers using latex cover as well as traditional nude entertainment. The administrative rule was challenged on both constitutional and statutory grounds. On November 19, 2018, the Court issued an order that a key aspect of the administrative rule is invalid based on it exceeding the scope of the Comptroller's authority. On March 6, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas, Austin Division, ruled that the Texas Patron Tax is unconstitutional as it has been applied and enforced by the Comptroller. The State of Texas appealed to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, who affirmed that the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied. The State of Texas next sought review from the Supreme Court, but the high court declined to take the case and in doing so exhausted the State's rights to appeal the judgment. The lawsuit was sent back to the trial court for post-trial proceedings, which resulted in the award of attorneys' fees to the operating subsidiaries. Pursuant to the rulings, the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied to clubs featuring dancers using latex cover.
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9. Commitments and Contingencies - continued
Indemnity Insurance Corporation
As previously reported, the Company and its subsidiaries were insured under a liability policy issued by Indemnity Insurance Corporation, RRG ("IIC") through October 25, 2013. The Company and its subsidiaries changed insurance companies on that date.
On November 7, 2013, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Rehabilitation and Injunction Order ("Rehabilitation Order"), which declared IIC impaired, insolvent and in an unsafe condition and placed IIC under the supervision of the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Delaware ("Commissioner") in her capacity as receiver ("Receiver"). The Rehabilitation Order empowered the Commissioner to rehabilitate IIC through a variety of means, including gathering assets and marshaling those assets as necessary. Further, the order stayed or abated pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer until May 6, 2014.
On April 10, 2014, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Liquidation and Injunction Order With Bar Date ("Liquidation Order"), which ordered the liquidation of IIC and terminated all insurance policies or contracts of insurance issued by IIC. The Liquidation Order further ordered that all claims against IIC must have been filed with the Receiver before the close of business on January 16, 2015 and that all pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer were further stayed or abated until October 7, 2014. As a result, the Company and its subsidiaries no longer had insurance coverage under the liability policy with IIC. The Company has retained counsel to defend against and evaluate these claims and lawsuits. We are funding 100% of the costs of litigation and will seek reimbursement from the bankruptcy receiver. The Company filed the appropriate claims against IIC with the Receiver before the January 16, 2015 deadline and has provided updates as requested; however, there are no assurances of any recovery from these claims. It is unknown at this time what effect this uncertainty will have on the Company. As previously stated, since October 25, 2013, the Company has obtained general liability coverage from other insurers, which have covered and/or will cover any claims arising from actions after that date. As of March 31, 2024, we have 1 remaining unresolved claim out of the original 71 claims.

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9. Commitments and Contingencies - continued
Shareholder Derivative Action
On January 21, 2022, Shiva Stein and Kevin McCarty filed a shareholder derivative action in the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division against former director Nourdean Anakar, Yura Barabash, former director Steven L. Jenkins, Eric Langan, Luke Lirot, former CFO Phillip K. Marshall, Elaine J. Martin, Allan Priaulx, and Travis Reese as defendants, as well as against RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. as nominal defendant. The action, styled Stein v. Anakar, et al., No. 4:22-mc-00149 (S.D. Tex.), alleges claims for breach of fiduciary duty based on alleged dissemination of inaccurate information and failure to maintain internal controls. These allegations are substantively similar to claims asserted in a prior securities class action that was settled in August of 2022 and a prior derivative action that was dismissed in June of 2021. On July 24, 2023, the parties reached an agreement in principle to resolve the action. On October 10, 2023, the parties submitted an agreement to settle the action to the Court for the Court's preliminary approval. The Company believes that payments under the settlement agreement will be covered by insurance.
Other
On June 23, 2014, Mark H. Dupray and Ashlee Dupray filed a lawsuit against Pedro Antonio Panameno and our subsidiary JAI Dining Services (Phoenix) Inc. ("JAI Phoenix") in the Superior Court of Arizona for Maricopa County. The suit alleged that Mr. Panameno injured Mr. Dupray in a traffic accident after being served alcohol at an establishment operated by JAI Phoenix. The suit alleged that JAI Phoenix was liable under theories of common law dram shop negligence and dram shop negligence per se. After a jury trial proceeded to a verdict in favor of the plaintiffs against both defendants, in April 2017 the Court entered a judgment under which JAI Phoenix's share of compensatory damages is approximately $1.4 million and its share of punitive damages is $4.0 million. In May 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a motion for judgment as a matter of law or, in the alternative, motion for new trial. The Court denied this motion in August 2017. In September 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a notice of appeal. In June 2018, the matter was heard by the Arizona Court of Appeals. On November 15, 2018 the Court of Appeals vacated the jury's verdict and remanded the case to the trial court. It is anticipated that A new trial will occur at some point in the future. A new trial has been set for June 2025. JAI Phoenix will continue to vigorously defend itself.
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9. Commitments and Contingencies - continued
As set forth in the risk factors as disclosed in this report, the adult entertainment industry standard is to classify adult entertainers as independent contractors, not employees. While we take steps to ensure that our adult entertainers are deemed independent contractors, from time to time, we are named in lawsuits related to the alleged misclassification of entertainers. Claims are brought under both federal and where applicable, state law. Based on the industry standard, the manner in which the independent contractor entertainers are treated at the clubs, and the entertainer license agreements governing the entertainer's work at the clubs, the Company believes that these lawsuits are without merit. Lawsuits are handled by attorneys with an expertise in the relevant law and are defended vigorously.
In March 2023, the New York State Department of Labor assessed a final judgment against one of our subsidiaries in a state unemployment tax matter for the years 2009-2022. The assessment of $2.8 million, which was recorded by the Company during the quarter ended March 31, 2023, was issued in final notice by the NY DOL after several appeals were denied by the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Appellate Division, Third Department (see Note 5). In September 2023, the NY DOL assessed another of our subsidiaries for approximately $280,000 on the same matter for the period January 2015 through June 2022. We recorded this latter assessment during the quarter ended September 30, 2023.

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9. Commitments and Contingencies - continued
General
In the regular course of business affairs and operations, we are subject to possible loss contingencies arising from third-party litigation and federal, state, and local environmental, labor, health and safety laws and regulations. We assess the probability that we could incur liability in connection with certain of these lawsuits. Our assessments are made in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as codified in ASC 450-20, and is not an admission of any liability on the part of the Company or any of its subsidiaries. In certain cases that are in the early stages and in light of the uncertainties surrounding them, we do not currently possess sufficient information to determine a range of reasonably possible liability. In matters where there is insurance coverage, in the event we incur any liability, we believe it is unlikely we would incur losses in connection with these claims in excess of our insurance coverage.
There were no lawsuit settlements incurred during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022. As of December 31, 2023 The Company recorded lawsuit settlements incurred amounting to $167,000 and $167,000 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $3.1 million and $3.1 million for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, and September 30, 2023, the Company has accrued $2.2 million and $2.4 million, in accrued liabilities, respectively, related to settlement of lawsuit, which is included in accrued liabilities in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
10. Related Party Transactions
Presently, our Chairman and President, Eric Langan, personally guarantees all of the commercial bank indebtedness of the Company. Mr. Langan receives no compensation or other direct financial benefit for any of the guarantees. The balance of our commercial bank indebtedness, net of debt discount and issuance costs, as of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, was $117.6 million and $119.2 million, respectively.
Included in the October 2023 debt transaction (see Note 6) are notes borrowed from related parties-one note for $500,000 (Ed Anakar, an employee of the Company and brother of our former director Nourdean Anakar) and another note for $150,000 (from a brother of Company CFO, Bradley Chhay) in which the terms of the notes are the same as the rest of the lender group.
We used the services of Nottingham Creations, and previously Sherwood Forest Creations, LLC, both furniture fabrication companies that manufacture tables, chairs and other furnishings for our Bombshells locations, as well as providing ongoing maintenance. Nottingham Creations is owned by a brother of Eric Langan (as was Sherwood Forest). Amounts billed to us for goods and services provided by Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest were $142,098 and $0 during the three months ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, respectively. As of December 31, 2023 $202,700 and $344,798 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $188,285 and $188,285 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, we owed Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest $84,163 and $10,700, respectively, in unpaid billings.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




10. Related Party Transactions - continued
TW Mechanical LLC provided plumbing and HVAC services to both a third-party general contractor providing construction services to the Company, as well as directly to the Company during fiscal 2024 and 2023. A son-in-law of Eric Langan owns a 50% interest in TW Mechanical. Amounts billed by TW Mechanical to the third-party general contractor were $0 and $0 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $18,000 and $64,000 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. Amounts billed directly to the Company were $2,932 and $0 for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. As of December 31, 2023 $228 and $3,160 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $379 and $379 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, the Company owed TW Mechanical $0 and $0, respectively, in unpaid direct billings.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




11. Leases
Total lease expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 is as follows (in thousands):months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 is as follows (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, | | Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Operating lease expense - fixed payments | $ | 1,292 | | | $ | 1,288 | | | $ | 2,584 | | | $ | 2,547 | |
| Variable lease expense | 450 | | | 427 | |
| Variable lease expense | 411 | | | 359 | | | 861 | | | 786 | |
| Short-term and other lease expense (includes $118 and $63 recorded in advertising and marketing for the three months ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, respectively; and $141 and $127 March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and $225 and $127 for the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively; and $147 and $138 recorded in repairs and maintenance for the three months ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, respectively; see Note 5) | 330 | | | 267 | |March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and $288 and $265 for the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively; see Note 5) | 347 | | | 319 | | | 677 | | | 586 | |
| Sublease income | - | | | - | | | - | | | - | |
| Total lease expense, net | $ | 2,050 | | | $ | 1,966 | | | $ | 4,122 | | | $ | 3,919 | |
| | | | | | | | |
| Other information: | | | | | | | |
| Operating cash outflows from operating leases | $ | 2,016 | | | $ | 1,920 | | | $ | 4,049 | | | $ | 3,830 | |
| Weighted average remaining lease term - operating leases | | | | | 10.1 years | | 10.9 years |
| Weighted average discount rate - operating leases | | | | | 5.8 | % | | 5.7 | % |
Future maturities of operating lease liabilities as of March 31, 2024 are as follows (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Principal Payments | | Interest Payments | | Total Payments |
| January - December 2024 | $ | 3,037 | | | $ | 2,014 | | | $ | 5,051 | |
| April 2024 - March 2025 | $ | 3,098 | | | $ | 1,970 | | | $ | 5,068 | |
| January - December 2025 | 3,296 | | | 1,835 | | | 5,131 | |
| April 2025 - March 2026 | 3,370 | | | 1,788 | | | 5,158 | |
| January - December 2026 | 3,594 | | | 1,640 | | | 5,234 | |
| April 2026 - March 2027 | 3,588 | | | 1,589 | | | 5,177 | |
| January - December 2027 | 3,355 | | | 1,438 | | | 4,793 | |
| April 2027 - March 2028 | 3,218 | | | 1,390 | | | 4,608 | |
| January - December 2028 | 2,996 | | | 1,256 | | | 4,252 | |
| April 2028 - March 2029 | 3,038 | | | 1,213 | | | 4,251 | |
| Thereafter | 21,151 | | | 4,333 | | | 25,484 | |
| Thereafter | 20,379 | | | 4,046 | | | 24,425 | |
| | $ | 37,429 | | | $ | 12,516 | | | $ | 49,945 | |
| | $ | 36,691 | | | $ | 11,996 | | | $ | 48,687 | |

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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)





12. Supplemental Pro Forma Information on Prior Year Business Acquisition

In relation to the acquisition of the Baby Dolls-Chicas Locas clubs in March 2023, below are certain unaudited pro forma combined results of operations of the Company and the five acquired clubs and related assets as though the acquisition occurred at the beginning of fiscal 2022 (in thousands, except per share amounts and number of shares):

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended | | Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Pro forma revenues | $ | 72,283 | | | $ | 77,292 | | | $ | 146,190 | | | $ | 154,424 | |
| Pro forma net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders | $ | 774 | | | $ | 8,303 | | | $ | 8,000 | | | $ | 17,213 | |
| Pro forma earnings per share - basic and diluted | $ | 0.08 | | | $ | 0.88 | | | $ | 0.85 | | | $ | 1.83 | |
| | | | | | | | |
| Pro forma weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share - basic and diluted | 9,350,292 | | | 9,430,225 | | | 9,358,768 | | | 9,430,241 | |

The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the acquisition had taken place at the beginning of fiscal 2022. The unaudited pro forma financial information reflects material, nonrecurring adjustments directly attributable to the acquisition, including acquisition-related expenses, interest expense, and any related tax effects. We incurred approximately $280,000 and $292,000 in acquisition-related expenses during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, which is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. Pro forma net income and pro forma earnings per share include the impact of acquisition-related expenses and interest expense related to a $10.0 million line-of-credit facility and the nine seller-financed notes in the acquisition as if they were incurred as of the first day of fiscal 2022. Pro forma weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share include the impact of 200,000 shares of our common stock issued as partial consideration for the acquisition. Since the results of operations during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 were in a fiscal year subsequent to the fiscal year of acquisition and that the periods fully include the results of operations of the five acquired clubs, the amounts presented do not reflect any pro forma adjustments.
13. Subsequent Events
On April 30, 2024, the Company entered into a term loan with a bank lender for $20.0 million for additional working capital. The loan has a 10-year term and an interest rate of 8.25% per annum for the first five years, after which the interest rate is to be adjusted to a rate equal to the then weekly average yield on U.S. Treasury Securities plus 362 basis points, with a 6.5% floor. The promissory note is payable in equal monthly installments of $170,408 for principal and interest, based on a 20-year amortization period, during the first five years, after which the monthly payments shall adjust based on the new interest rate to continue until April 30, 2034, at which time the remaining principal amount and accrued interest shall be paid. The Company paid $356,000 in debt issuance costs at the time of closing. There are certain financial covenants with which the Company is to be in compliance with related to this loan, including a minimum tangible net worth requirement of $25.0 million.
Subsequent to the balance sheet date through May 6, 2024, we repurchased 7,303 shares of our common stock at an average price of $51.29.
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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in this quarterly report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023.
Overview
RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. is a holding company that, through its subsidiaries, engages in businesses that offer live adult entertainment and/or high-quality dining experiences to its guests. All services and management operations are conducted by subsidiaries of RCIHH, including RCI Management Services, Inc.
Through our subsidiaries, as of March 31, 2024, we operated a total of 69 establishments that offer live adult entertainment, including one food hall. We also operated a leading business communications company serving the multi-billion-dollar adult nightclubs industry. We have two principal reportable segments: Nightclubs and Bombshells. We combine operating segments not included in Nightclubs and Bombshells into "Other." In the context of club and restaurant/sports bar operations, the terms the "Company," "we," "our," "us" and similar terms used in this report refer to subsidiaries of RCIHH. RCIHH was incorporated in the State of Texas in 1994. Our corporate offices are located in Houston, Texas.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On a regular basis, we evaluate these estimates. These estimates are based on management's historical industry experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
For a description of the accounting policies that, in management's opinion, involve the most significant application of judgment or involve complex estimation and which could, if different judgment or estimates were made, materially affect our reported financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, see "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023 filed with the SEC on December 14, 2023.
During the three months ended December 31, 2023, During the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, there were no significant changes in our accounting policies and estimates.
Results of Operations
Highlights of the Company's operating results during the Quarter Ended December 31, 2023 are as follows:are as follows, with comparisons against the same period of the prior year:
Second Quarter Ended March 31, 2024
•Total revenues were $72.3 million compared to $71.5 million during the comparable prior-year quarter, a 1.1% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $59.4 million compared to $57.0 million, a 4.1% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $12.8 million compared to $14.3 million, a 10.8% decrease)
•Consolidated same-store sales decreased by 8.6% (Nightclubs decreased by 5.7%, while Bombshells decreased by 20.5%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of revenues below)
•Basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") of $0.08 compared to $0.83 (non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $0.90 compared to $1.30) during the comparable prior-year quarter
•Net cash provided by operating activities of $10.8 million compared to $16.8 million during the comparable prior-year quarter, a 35.5% decrease (free cash flow* of $8.8 million compared to $14.8 million, a 40.2% decrease)

*Reconciliation and discussion of non-GAAP financial measures are included in the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below.
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The following table summarizes our results of operations as a percentage of revenue:
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
Year-to Date Period Ended March 31, 2024
| | December 31, |
| | 2023 | | 2022 |
•Total revenues were $146.2 million compared to $141.5 million during the comparable prior-year six-month period, a 3.3% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $120.4 million compared to $113.4 million, a 6.2% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $25.5 million compared to $27.7 million, an 8.1% decrease)
| sales of alcoholic beverages | 45.1 | % | | 42.4 | % |
•Consolidated same-store sales decreased by 9.2% (Nightclubs decreased by 6.5%, while Bombshells decreased by 20.4%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of revenues below)
| sales of food and merchandise | 14.6 | % | | 14.8 | % |
| Service revenues | 34.0 | % | | 36.5 | % |
| Other | 6.3 | % | | 6.3 | % |
| Total revenues | 100.0 | % | | 100.0 | % |
•Basic and diluted EPS of $0.85 compared to $1.94 (non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $1.76 compared to $2.50) during the comparable prior-year six-month period
•Net cash provided by operating activities of $24.5 million compared to $31.7 million during the comparable prior-year six-month period, a 22.8% decrease (free cash flow* of $21.5 million compared to $27.8 million, a 22.7% decrease)
| Cost of goods sold | | | |
| Alcoholic beverages sold | 18.9 | % | | 18.1 | % |
| Food and merchandise sold | 37.4 | % | | 34.7 | % |
*Reconciliation and discussion of non-GAAP financial measures are included in the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below.
| Service and other | 0.1 | % | | 0.2 | % |
| Total cost of goods sold (exclusive of items shown separately below.| 14.0 | % | | 12.9 | % |
| Salaries and wages | 28.9 | % | | 26.7 | % |
Revenues
| Selling, general and administrative | 34.1 | % | | 32.5 | % |
| Depreciation and amortization | 5.2 | % | | 4.7 | % |
| Other charges, net | - | % | | (0.9) | % |
| Total operating expenses | 82.2 | % | | 75.8 | % |
| Income from operations | 17.8 | % | | 24.2 | % |
| Other income (expenses) | | | |
| Interest expense | (5.7) | % | | (5.3) | % |
| Interest income | 0.1 | % | | 0.1 | % |
| Income before income taxes | 12.2 | % | | 19.0 | % |
| Income tax expense | 2.4 | % | | 4.3 | % |
| Net income | 9.8 | % | | 14.7 | % |
*Percentages may not foot due to rounding. Percentage of revenue for individual cost of goods sold items pertains to their respective revenue line.
Consolidated revenues for the second quarter increased by $766,000, or 1.1%, versus the comparable prior-year quarter due primarily to a 12.1%, or $8.6 million, increase in sales from newly acquired clubs from last year and new Bombshells openings, partially offset by the $5.6 million impact of the decrease in consolidated same-stores sales and the $2.1 million impact of closed clubs.
Revenues
Consolidated revenues for the six-month period increased by $4.7 million, or 3.3%, versus the comparable prior-year quarter due primarily to a 15.0%, or $10.5 six-month period mainly due to a 13.8%, or $19.6 million, increase in sales from newly acquired clubs from last year and new Bombshells openings, partially offset by the $12.3 million impact of the decrease in consolidated same-store sales and the $2.4 million impact of closed clubs.
We calculate same-store sales by comparing year-over-year revenues from nightclubs and restaurants/sports bars starting in the first full quarter of operations after at least 12 full months for Nightclubs and at least 18 full months for Bombshells. We consider the first six months of operations of a Bombshells unit to be the "honeymoon period" where sales are significantly higher than normal. We exclude from a particular month's calculation units previously included in the same-store sales base that have closed temporarily until its next full quarter of operations. We also exclude from the same-store sales base units that are being reconcepted or are closed due to renovations or remodels. Acquired units are included in the same-store sales calculation as long as they qualify based on the definition stated above. Revenues outside of our Nightclubs and Bombshells reportable segments are excluded from same-store sales calculation.
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Segment contribution to total revenues was as follows (in thousands, except percentages):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 | | Mix | | Three Months Ended March 31, 2023 | | Mix | | Inc (Dec) $ | | Inc (Dec) % |
| Nightclubs | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | $ | 26,236 | | | 43.0 | % | | $ | 22,098 | | | 39.2 | % | | $ | 4,138 | | | 18.7 | % |25,946 | | | 43.7 | % | | $ | 22,191 | | | 38.9 | % | | $ | 3,755 | | | 16.9 | % |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 5,240 | | | 8.6 | % | | 4,594 | | | 8.2 | % | | 646 | | | 14.1 | % |5,346 | | | 9.0 | % | | 4,823 | | | 8.5 | % | | 523 | | | 10.8 | % |
| Service revenues | 25,119 | | | 41.2 | % | | 25,533 | | | 45.3 | % | | (414) | | | (1.6) | % |
| Service revenues | 23,562 | | | 39.7 | % | | 25,686 | | | 45.0 | % | | (2,124) | | | (8.3) | % |
| Other revenues | 4,438 | | | 7.3 | % | | 4,100 | | | 7.3 | % | | 338 | | | 8.2 | % |
| Other revenues | 4,518 | | | 7.6 | % | | 4,331 | | | 7.6 | % | | 187 | | | 4.3 | % |
| | 59,372 | | | 100.0 | % | | 57,031 | | | 100.0 | % | | 2,341 | | | 4.1 | % |
| Bombshells | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | 7,080 | | | 55.6 | % | | 7,552 | | | 56.2 | % | | (472) | | | (6.3) | % |6,961 | | | 54.5 | % | | 7,945 | | | 55.5 | % | | (984) | | | (12.4) | % |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 5,562 | | | 43.7 | % | | 5,753 | | | 42.8 | % | | (191) | | | (3.3) | % |5,722 | | | 44.8 | % | | 6,182 | | | 43.2 | % | | (460) | | | (7.4) | % |
| Service revenues | 2 | | | 0.0 | % | | 4 | | | - | % | | (2) | | | (50.0) | % |
| Other revenues | 86 | | | 0.7 | % | | 96 | | | 0.7 | % | | (7) | | | (7.3) | % |184 | | | 1.3 | % | | (98) | | | (53.3) | % |
| | 12,771 | | | 100.0 | % | | 14,315 | | | 100.0 | % | | (1,544) | | | (10.8) | % |
| Other | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Other revenues | 140 | | | 100.0 | % | | 171 | | | 100.0 | % | | (31) | | | (18.1) | % |
| | $ | 72,283 | | | | | $ | 71,517 | | | | | $ | 766 | | | 1.1 | % |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Six Months Ended March 31, 2024 | | Mix | | Six Months Ended March 31, 2023 | | Mix | | Inc (Dec) $ | | Inc (Dec) % |
| Nightclubs | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | $ | 52,182 | | | 43.3 | % | | $ | 44,289 | | | 39.1 | % | | $ | 7,893 | | | 17.8 | % |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 10,586 | | | 8.8 | % | | 9,417 | | | 8.3 | % | | 1,169 | | | 12.4 | % |
| Service revenues | 48,681 | | | 40.4 | % | | 51,219 | | | 45.2 | % | | (2,538) | | | (5.0) | % |
| Other revenues | 8,956 | | | 7.4 | % | | 8,431 | | | 7.4 | % | | 525 | | | 6.2 | % |
| | 120,405 | | | 100.0 | % | | 113,356 | | | 100.0 | % | | 7,049 | | | 6.2 | % |
| Bombshells | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | 14,041 | | | 55.1 | % | | 15,497 | | | 55.9 | % | | (1,456) | | | (9.4) | % |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 11,284 | | | 44.2 | % | | 11,935 | | | 43.0 | % | | (651) | | | (5.5) | % |
| Service revenues | 2 | | | - | % | | 34 | | | 0.1 | % | | (32) | | | (94.1) | % |
| Other revenues | 175 | | | 0.7 | % | | 280 | | | 1.0 | % | | (105) | | | (37.5) | % |
| | 25,502 | | | 100.0 | % | | 27,746 | | | 100.0 | % | | (2,244) | | | (8.1) | % |
| Other | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Other revenues | 283 | | | 100.0 | % | | 383 | | | 100.0 | % | | (100) | | | (26.1) | % |
| | $ | 73,907 | | | | | $ | 69,968 | | | | | $ | 3,939 | | | 5.6 | % |
| | $ | 146,190 | | | | | $ | 141,485 | | | | | $ | 4,705 | | | 3.3 | % |
Nightclubs revenues increased by 4.1% during the second quarter compared to the same quarter last year primarily due to the $7.5 million contribution of newly acquired clubs, partially offset by the $2.9 million impact of the decline in same-store sales and the $2.1 million impact of closed clubs. For Nightclubs that were open enough days to qualify for same-store sales (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the preceding paragraph), sales decreased by 5.7%. By type of revenue, alcoholic beverage sales increased by 16.9%, food, merchandise and other revenue increased by 7.8%, while service revenues decreased by 8.3%.
For the six-month period, Nightclubs revenues increased by 6.2%, mainly due to the $16.3 million contribution of newly acquired clubs, partially offset by the $6.9 million impact of the decline in same-store sales and the $2.4 million impact of closed clubs. Nightclubs same-store sales for the six-month period declined by 6.5%. By type of revenue, alcoholic beverage sales increased by 17.8%, food, merchandise and other revenue increased by 9.5%, while service revenues decreased by 5.0%.
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Bombshells revenues decreased by 5.2%, of which 20.3% Bombshells second quarter revenues decreased by 10.8%, of which 20.5% was for same-store sales decline with the offsetting increase caused by two new locations and a food hall. By type of revenue, food and merchandise sales decreased by 7.4% while alcoholic beverage sales decreased by 12.4%.
For the six-month period, Bombshells revenues decreased by 8.1%, caused primarily by the 20.4% same-store sales decline offset by the increase from new locations. By type of revenue, food and merchandise sales decreased by 5.5% while alcoholic beverage sales decreased by 9.4%.
Operating Expenses
Total operating expenses, as a percent of revenues, increased to 82.2% from 75.8% from last year's first quarter, with a $7.7 million increase, or 14.5%, which was mainly caused by costs and expenses directly related to higher sales in the current-year first quarter with the impact of fixed expenses on clubs and restaurants having decreases in their same-stores sales. 93.6% from 81.2% from last year's second quarter, and increased to 87.8% from 78.6% for the six-month period. Year-over-year change was a $9.5 million increase, or 16.4%, for the second quarter and a $17.2 million increase, or 15.5%, for the six-month period. Significant contributors to the changes in operating expenses are explained below.
Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold for the second quarter increased by $801,000, or 8.8%, mainly due to higher sales. As a percent of total revenues, cost of goods sold increased to 13.7% from 12.7% mainly due to the sales mix decrease in service revenue. Nightclubs cost of goods sold during the second quarter increased to 11.6% from 10.4%, while Bombshells cost of goods sold increased to 23.7% from 22.9%. Both increases in percent to segment revenue were caused mainly by shift in sales mix. toward lower margin sales type.23.5% from 22.2%.
For the six-month period, cost of goods sold increased by $2.2 million, or 11.9%, mainly due to higher sales. As a percent of total revenues, cost of goods sold increased to 13.9% from 12.8% mainly due to a shift in sales mix. Nightclubs cost of goods sold during the six-month period increased to 11.8% from 10.4%, while Bombshells cost of goods sold increased to 23.6% from 22.6%.
Salaries and wages. Salaries and wages increased by $2.7 million, or 14.2%, for the first quarter. due to $1.5 million, or 8.0%, for the second quarter. As a percent of total revenues, salaries and wages increased to 29.0% from 27.2%. Nightclubs increased to 22.5% from 21.4%, Bombshells increased to 29.0% from 26.0%, while corporate increased to 5.2% from 4.7%.
For the six-month period, salaries and wages increased by $4.2 million, or 11.0%. As a percent of total revenues, salaries and wages increased to 28.9% from 26.9%. Nightclubs increased to 22.3% from 21.1%, Bombshells increased to 30.1% from 26.3%, while corporate increased to 5.1% from 4.7%.
The dollar increases were primarily caused by an increase in personnel from newly acquired clubs and new Bombshells openings, work shifts to accommodate the increase in sales, and the impact of minimum wage increases in certain states and cities. As a percent of total revenues, salaries and wages increased to 28.9% from 26.7% due to wage inflation.Nightclubs increased to 22.0% from 20.8% and Bombshells increased to 31.1% from 26.5%, while corporate increased to 5.1% from 4.7%.The increases in percent of revenue amounts were due to wage inflation.

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Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $2.5 million, or 10.9%, primarily due to increased variable expenses related to higher sales during the current-year first quarter. $2.6 million, or 11.9%, for the second quarter and increased by $5.1 million, or 11.4%, for the six-month period. Dollar amounts in the tables below are in thousands, except percentages.
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| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Three Months Ended | | Better (Worse) |
| | December 31, 2023 | | December 31, 2022 | | |
| | March 31, 2024 | | March 31, 2023 | | |
| | Amount | | % of Revenues | | Amount | | % of Revenues | | Amount | | % |
| Taxes and permits | $ | 3,967 | | | 5.5 | % | | $ | 2,739 | | | 3.8 | % | | $ | (1,228) | | | (44.8) | % |
| Advertising and marketing | 2,993 | | | 4.1 | % | | 2,731 | | | 3.8 | % | | (262) | | | (9.6) | % |
| Supplies and services | 2,736 | | | 3.8 | % | | 2,657 | | | 3.7 | % | | (79) | | | (3.0) | % |
| Insurance | 3,265 | | | 4.5 | % | | 2,238 | | | 3.1 | % | | (1,027) | | | (45.9) | % |
| Legal | 1,116 | | | 1.5 | % | | 1,296 | | | 1.8 | % | | 180 | | | 13.9 | % |
| Lease | 1,785 | | | 2.5 | % | | 1,765 | | | 2.5 | % | | (20) | | | (1.1) | % |
| Charge card fees | 1,682 | | | 2.3 | % | | 1,683 | | | 2.4 | % | | 1 | | | 0.1 | % |
| Utilities | 1,462 | | | 2.0 | % | | 1,353 | | | 1.9 | % | | (109) | | | (8.1) | % |
| Security | 1,287 | | | 1.8 | % | | 1,308 | | | 1.8 | % | | 21 | | | 1.6 | % |
| Stock-based compensation | 471 | | | 0.7 | % | | 706 | | | 1.0 | % | | 235 | | | 33.3 | % |
| Accounting and professional fees | 1,136 | | | 1.6 | % | | 657 | | | 0.9 | % | | (479) | | | (72.9) | % |
| Repairs and maintenance | 1,114 | | | 1.5 | % | | 1,207 | | | 1.7 | % | | 93 | | | 7.7 | % |
| Other | 1,639 | | | 2.3 | % | | 1,686 | | | 2.4 | % | | 47 | | | 2.8 | % |
| Total selling, general and administrative expenses | $ | 24,653 | | | 34.1 | % | | $ | 22,026 | | | 30.8 | % | | $ | (2,627) | | | (11.9) | % |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Six Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended | | Better (Worse) |
| | March 31, 2024 | | March 31, 2023 | | |
| | Amount | | % of Revenues | | Amount | | % of Revenues | | Amount | | % |
| Taxes and permits | $ | 8,009 | | | 5.5 | % | | $ | 5,423 | | | 3.8 | % | | $ | (2,586) | | | (47.7) | % |
| Advertising and marketing | 3,474 | | | 4.7 | % | | 2,670 | | | 3.8 | % | | (804) | | | (30.1) | % |
| Advertising and marketing | 6,467 | | | 4.4 | % | | 5,401 | | | 3.8 | % | | (1,066) | | | (19.7) | % |
| Supplies and services | 2,695 | | | 3.6 | % | | 2,424 | | | 3.5 | % | | (271) | | | (11.2) | % |
| Supplies and services | 5,431 | | | 3.7 | % | | 5,081 | | | 3.6 | % | | (350) | | | (6.9) | % |
| Insurance | 6,580 | | | 4.5 | % | | 2,582 | | | 3.7 | % | | (733) | | | (28.4) | % |4,820 | | | 3.4 | % | | (1,760) | | | (36.5) | % |
| Legal | 733 | | | 1.0 | % | | 985 | | | 1.4 | % | | 252 | | | 25.6 | % |
| Legal | 1,849 | | | 1.3 | % | | 2,281 | | | 1.6 | % | | 432 | | | 18.9 | % |
| Lease | 3,609 | | | 2.5 | % | | 3,527 | | | 2.5 | % | | (82) | | | (2.3) | % |
| Charge card fees | 3,414 | | | 2.3 | % | | 1,897 | | | 2.7 | % | | 165 | | | 8.7 | % |3,580 | | | 2.5 | % | | 166 | | | 4.6 | % |
| Utilities | 2,947 | | | 2.0 | % | | 1,271 | | | 1.8 | % | | (214) | | | (16.8) | % |2,624 | | | 1.9 | % | | (323) | | | (12.3) | % |
| Security | 1,411 | | | 1.9 | % | | 1,164 | | | 1.7 | % | | (247) | | | (21.2) | % |
| Security | 2,698 | | | 1.8 | % | | 2,472 | | | 1.7 | % | | (226) | | | (9.1) | % |
| Stock-based compensation | 941 | | | 0.6 | % | | 941 | | | 1.3 | % | | 471 | | | 50.1 | % |1,647 | | | 1.2 | % | | 706 | | | 42.9 | % |
| Accounting and professional fees | 2,322 | | | 1.6 | % | | 1,518 | | | 2.2 | % | | 332 | | | 21.9 | % |2,175 | | | 1.5 | % | | (147) | | | (6.8) | % |
| Repairs and maintenance | 2,213 | | | 1.5 | % | | 2,371 | | | 1.7 | % | | 158 | | | 6.7 | % |
| Other | 3,374 | | | 2.3 | % | | 3,356 | | | 2.4 | % | | (18) | | | (0.5) | % |
| Total selling, general and administrative expenses | $ | 49,854 | | | 34.1 | % | | $ | 22,732 | | | 32.5 | % | | $ | (2,469) | | | (10.9) | % |44,758 | | | 31.6 | % | | $ | (5,096) | | | (11.4) | % |
Taxes and permits mainly increased due to the increase in the Texas patron tax. Advertising and marketing increased mainly due to higher commissions and promotional expenses. Insurance expense increased due to additional clubs and restaurants, with additional impact from insurance premium refunds received in the second quarter of fiscal 2023.
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization increased by $124,000, or 3.3%, during the second quarter and increased by $670,000, or 9.5%, during the six-month period, primarily due to the higher depreciable base.
Other charges, net. Other charges, net for the second quarter and the six-month period changed mainly due to this year's impairment charges and last year's lawsuit settlements.quarter changed due to one sale of real estate property in the prior-year first quarter.
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Income (Loss) from Operations
For the quarter ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, our consolidated operating margin was 6.4% and 18.8%, respectively, while for the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, our consolidated operating margin was 12.2% and 21.4%, respectively. Segment contribution to income (loss) from operations is presented in the table below (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Nightclubs | $ | 20,369 | | | $ | 22,740 | |
| Nightclubs | $ | 11,021 | | | $ | 17,995 | | | $ | 31,390 | | | $ | 40,735 | |
| Bombshells | 699 | | | 1,775 | | | 785 | | | 3,622 | |
| Other | (277) | | | (168) | | | (473) | | | (353) | |
| Corporate | (6,786) | | | (6,175) | | | (13,880) | | | (13,679) | |
| | $ | 4,657 | | | $ | 13,427 | | | $ | 16,898 | |
17,822 | | | $ | 30,325 | |

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Excluding certain items, the first quarter ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 Excluding certain items, the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 non-GAAP operating income (loss) and non-GAAP operating margin are computed in the tables below (dollars in thousands). Refer to the discussion of Non-GAAP Financial Measures on page 31.
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 |
| | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Corporate | | Total |
| Income (loss) from operations | $ | 11,021 | | | $ | 699 | | | $ | (196) | | | $ | (7,094) | | | $ | 13,165 | |(277) | | | $ | (6,786) | | | $ | 4,657 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 591 | | | 63 |
| Amortization of intangibles | 589 | | | 47 | | | - | | | 4 | | | 640 | |
| Impairment of assets | 8,033 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 8,033 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 167 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 167 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | 7 | | | 4 | | | - | | | (16) | | | (5) | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | - | | | 471 | | | 471 | |
| Non-GAAP operating income (loss) | $ | 19,817 | | | $ | 750 | | | $ | (277) | | | $ | (6,327) | | | $ | 13,963 | |
| | | | | | | | | | |
| GAAP operating margin | 18.6 | % | | 5.5 | % | | (197.9) | % | | (9.4) | % | | 6.4 | % |
| Non-GAAP operating margin | 33.4 | % | | 5.9 | % | | (197.9) | % | | (8.8) | % | | 19.3 | % |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2023 |
| | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Corporate | | Total |
| Income (loss) from operations | $ | 17,995 | | | $ | 1,775 | | | $ | (168) | | | $ | (6,175) | | | $ | 13,427 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 628 | | | 417 | | | 60 | | | 4 | | | 1,109 | |
| Impairment of assets | 662 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 662 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 3,117 | | | 3 | | | - | | | - | | | 3,120 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | (12) | | | 16 | | | - | | | (1) | | | 3 | |
(1) | | | - | | | - | | | (2) | | | (3) | |
| Gain on insurance | - | | | - | | | - | | | (27) | | | (27) | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | - | | | 706 | | | 706 | |
| Non-GAAP operating income (loss) | $ | 20,959 | | | $ | 149 | | | $ | (196) | | | $ | (6,621) | | | $ | 14,291 | |22,390 | | | $ | 2,211 | | | $ | (108) | | | $ | (5,493) | | | $ | 19,000 | |
| | | | | | | | | | |
| GAAP operating margin | 33.4 | % | | 0.7 | % | | (137.1) | % | | (9.6) | % | | 17.8 | % |
| GAAP operating margin | 31.6 | % | | 12.4 | % | | (98.2) | % | | (8.6) | % | | 18.8 | % |
| Non-GAAP operating margin | 34.3 | % | | 1.2 | % | | (137.1) | % | | (9.0) | % | | 19.3 | % |
| Non-GAAP operating margin | 39.3 | % | | 15.4 | % | | (63.2) | % | | (7.7) | % | | 26.6 | % |
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Excluding certain items, the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 non-GAAP operating income (loss) and non-GAAP operating margin are computed in the tables below (dollars in thousands).
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2024 |
| | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Corporate | | Total |
| Income (loss) from operations | $ | 22,740 | | | $ | 1,847 | | | $ | (185) | | | $ | (7,504) | | | $ | 16,898 | |31,390 | | | $ | 785 | | | $ | (473) | | | $ | (13,880) | | | $ | 17,822 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 1,180 | | | 110 | | | - | | | 9 | | | 1,299 | |
| Impairment of assets | 8,033 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 8,033 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 167 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 167 | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | - | | | 941 | | | 941 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | (569) | | | - | | | - | | | (21) | | | (590) | |6 | | | 4 | | | - | | | (18) | | | (8) | |
| Non-GAAP operating income (loss) | $ | 40,776 | | | $ | 899 | | | $ | (473) | | | $ | (12,948) | | | $ | 28,254 | |
| | | | | | | | | | |
| GAAP operating margin | 26.1 | % | | 3.1 | % | | (167.1) | % | | (9.5) | % | | 12.2 | % |
| Non-GAAP operating margin | 33.9 | % | | 3.5 | % | | (167.1) | % | | (8.9) | % | | 19.3 | % |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2023 |
| | Nightclubs | | Bombshells | | Other | | Corporate | | Total |
| Income (loss) from operations | $ | 40,735 | | | $ | 3,622 | | | $ | (353) | | | $ | (13,679) | | | $ | 30,325 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 1,256 | | | 419 | | | 121 | | | 8 | | | 1,804 | |
| Impairment of assets | 662 | | | - | | | - | | | - | | | 662 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 3,117 | | | 3 | | | - | | | - | | | 3,120 | |
| Stock-based compensation | - | | | - | | | - | | | 1,647 | | | 1,647 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | (581) | | | 16 | | | - | | | (22) | | | (587) | |
| Gain on insurance | (48) | | | - | | | - | | | (43) | | | (91) | |
| Non-GAAP operating income (loss) | $ | 22,751 | | | $ | 1,849 | | | $ | (124) | | | $ | (6,596) | | | $ | 17,880 | |45,141 | | | $ | 4,060 | | | $ | (232) | | | $ | (12,089) | | | $ | 36,880 | |
| | | | | | | | | | |
| GAAP operating margin | 40.4 | % | | 13.8 | % | | (87.3) | % | | (10.7) | % | | 24.2 | % |
| GAAP operating margin | 35.9 | % | | 13.1 | % | | (92.2) | % | | (9.7) | % | | 21.4 | % |
| Non-GAAP operating margin | 40.4 | % | | 13.8 | % | | (58.5) | % | | (9.4) | % | | 25.6 | % |
| Non-GAAP operating margin | 39.8 | % | | 14.6 | % | | (60.6) | % | | (8.5) | % | | 26.1 | % |
Other Income/Expenses
Interest expense increased by $529,000, or 14.3%, Interest expense increased by $322,000, or 8.8%, during the second quarter and increased by $851,000, or 11.6%, during the six-month period primarily caused by a higher average debt balance mostly from seller-financed promissory notes from last years' acquisitions.
Our total occupancy costs, defined as the sum of operating lease expense and interest expense, were $5.8 million and $5.4 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. As a percentage of revenue, total occupancy costs were 8.2% and 7.8% during the quarters ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, 8.0% and 7.6% during the quarters ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, primarily due to the interest from higher average debt balance. For the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, total occupancy costs were $11.8 million and $10.9 million, respectively. As a percent of revenue, total occupancy costs were 8.1% and 7.7%, respectively, during the six-month period.

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Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $1.8 million and $3.0 million during the three months ended December 31, 2023, and 2022,Income tax expense was $5,000 and $1.8 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, compared to $2.1 million and $5.2 million during the three and six months ended and March 31, 2023, respectively. The effective income tax expense rate was 19.9% and 22.8% for the three months ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, respectively. 0.7% and 18.4% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 21.8% and 22.4% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. The disproportionate tax rates during the three months ended March 31, 2024 were caused by the small amount of pre-tax income during the quarter and the reduction of the expected annual effective tax rate. Our effective income tax rate is affected by state taxes, permanent differences, and tax credits, including the FICA tip credit, for both years, as presented below.
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended | | For the Six Months Ended |
| | March 31, | | March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Federal statutory income tax expense | 21.0 | % | | 21.0 | % | | 21.0 | % | | 21.0 | % |
| State income taxes, net of federal benefit | 5.2 | % | | 4.0 | % | | 3.6 | % | | 4.0 | % |
| Permanent differences | 0.5 | % | | 0.5 | % |
| Permanent differences | 4.8 | % | | 0.6 | % | | 0.8 | % | | 0.5 | % |
| Tax credit | (30.2) | % | | (3.8) | % | | (6.9) | % | | (3.2) | % |
| Other | - | % | | - | % | | - | % | | 0.1 | % |
| Total income tax expense | 19.9 | % | | 22.8 | % |
| Total income tax expense | 0.7 | % | | 21.8 | % | | 18.4 | % | | 22.4 | % |
Income taxes decreased in dollar amount due to the lower pretax income in the current quarter and six-month period. Effective income tax rate decreased due to the acquisition of Texas-based clubs at the end of last year's second quarter and the additional tax credits from those acquisitions.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
In addition to our financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, management uses certain non-GAAP financial measures, within the meaning of the SEC Regulation G, to clarify and enhance understanding of past performance and prospects for the future. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's operating performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes or includes amounts that are included in or excluded from the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. We monitor non-GAAP financial measures because it describes the operating performance of the Company and helps management and investors gauge our ability to generate cash flow, excluding (or including) some items that management believes are not representative of the ongoing business operations of the Company, but are included in (or excluded from) the most directly comparable measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Relative to each of the non-GAAP financial measures, we further set forth our rationale as follows:
Non-GAAP Operating Income and Non-GAAP Operating Margin. We calculate non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin by excluding the following items from income from operations and operating margin: (a) amortization of intangibles, (b) impairment of assets, (c) settlement of lawsuits, (d) gains or losses on sale of businesses and assets, (e) gains or losses on insurance, and (f) stock-based compensation. We believe that excluding these items assists investors in evaluating period-over-period changes in our operating income and operating margin without the impact of items that are not a result of our day-to-day business and operations.
Non-GAAP Net Income and Non-GAAP Net Income per Diluted Share. We calculate non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per diluted share by excluding or including certain items to net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders and diluted earnings per share. Adjustment items are: (a) amortization of intangibles, (b) impairment of assets, (c) settlement of lawsuits, (d) gains or losses on sale of businesses and assets, (e) gains or losses on insurance, (f) stock-based compensation, and (g) the income tax effect of the above-described adjustments. Included in the income tax effect of the above adjustments is the net effect of the non-GAAP provision for income taxes, calculated at 18.4% and 22.3% effective tax rate of the pre-tax non-GAAP income before taxes for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and the GAAP income tax expense (benefit). We believe that excluding and including such items help management and investors better understand our operating activities.

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Adjusted EBITDA. We calculate adjusted EBITDA by excluding the following items from net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders: (a) depreciation and amortization, (b) impairment of assets, (c) income tax expense (benefit), (d) net interest expense, (e) settlement of lawsuits, (f) gains or losses on sale of businesses and assets, (g) gains or losses on insurance, and (h) stock-based compensation. We believe that adjusting for such items helps management and investors better understand our operating activities. Adjusted EBITDA provides a core operational performance measurement that compares results without the need to adjust for federal, state and local taxes which have considerable variation between domestic jurisdictions. The results are, therefore, without consideration of financing alternatives of capital employed. We use adjusted EBITDA as one guideline to assess our unleveraged performance return on our investments. Adjusted EBITDA is also the target benchmark for our acquisitions of nightclubs.
We also use certain non-GAAP cash flow measures such as free cash flow. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" section for further discussion.
The following tables present our non-GAAP performance measures for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 (in thousands, except per share, number of shares, and percentages):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, | | Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Reconciliation of GAAP net income to Adjusted EBITDA | | | | | | | |
| Net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders | $ | 774 | | | $ | 7,732 | | | $ | 8,000 | | | $ | 17,970 | |
| Income tax expense | 1,799 | | | 3,031 | |
| Income tax expense | 5 | | | 2,147 | | | 1,804 | | | 5,178 | |
| Interest expense, net | 4,122 | | | 3,596 | |
| Interest expense, net | 3,903 | | | 3,587 | | | 8,025 | | | 7,183 | |
| Depreciation and amortization | 3,884 | | | 3,760 | | | 7,737 | | | 7,067 | |
| Impairment of assets | 8,033 | | | 662 | | | 8,033 | | | 662 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 167 | | | 3,120 | | | 167 | | | 3,120 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 470 | | | 941 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 471 | | | 706 | | | 941 | | | 1,647 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | (5) | | | 3 | | | (8) | | | (587) | |
| Gain on insurance | - | | | (27) | | | - | | | (91) | |
| Adjusted EBITDA | $ | 17,232 | | | $ | 21,690 | | | $ | 34,699 | | | $ | 42,149 | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, | | Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Reconciliation of GAAP net income to non-GAAP net income | | | | | | | |
| Net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders | $ | 774 | | | $ | 7,732 | | | $ | 8,000 | | | $ | 17,970 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 659 | | | 695 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 640 | | | 1,109 | | | 1,299 | | | 1,804 | |
| Impairment of assets | 8,033 | | | 662 | | | 8,033 | | | 662 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 167 | | | 3,120 | | | 167 | | | 3,120 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 470 | | | 941 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 471 | | | 706 | | | 941 | | | 1,647 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | (5) | | | 3 | | | (8) | | | (587) | |
| Gain on insurance | - | | | (27) | | | - | | | (91) | |
| Net income tax effect | (220) | | | (200) | |
| Net income tax effect | (1,701) | | | (1,246) | | | (1,921) | | | (1,446) | |
| Non-GAAP net income | $ | 8,132 | | | $ | 11,020 | |
| Non-GAAP net income | $ | 8,379 | | | $ | 12,059 | | | $ | 16,511 | | | $ | 23,079 | |
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| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, | | Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Reconciliation of GAAP diluted earnings per share to non-GAAP diluted earnings per share | | | | | | | |
| Diluted shares | 9,367,151 | | | 9,230,258 | |
| Diluted shares | 9,350,292 | | | 9,265,781 | | | 9,358,768 | | | 9,247,824 | |
| GAAP diluted earnings per share | $ | 0.08 | | | $ | 0.83 | | | $ | 0.85 | | | $ | 1.94 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 0.07 | | | 0.12 | | | 0.14 | | | 0.20 | |
| Impairment of assets | 0.86 | | | 0.07 | | | 0.86 | | | 0.07 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 0.02 | | | 0.34 | | | 0.02 | | | 0.34 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 0.05 | | | 0.08 | | | 0.10 | | | 0.18 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | 0.00 | | | 0.00 | | | 0.00 | | | (0.06) | |
| Gain on insurance | 0.00 | | | 0.00 | | | 0.00 | | | (0.01) | |
| Net income tax effect | (0.02) | | | (0.02) | |
| Net income tax effect | (0.18) | | | (0.13) | | | (0.21) | | | (0.16) | |
| Non-GAAP net income | $ | 0.87 | | | $ | 1.19 | |
| Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share | $ | 0.90 | | | $ | 1.30 | | | $ | 1.76 | | | $ | 2.50 | |
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| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, | | Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Reconciliation of GAAP operating income to non-GAAP operating income | | | | | | | |
| Income from operations | $ | 13,165 | | | $ | 16,898 | |
| Income from operations | $ | 4,657 | | | $ | 13,427 | | | $ | 17,822 | | | $ | 30,325 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 659 | | | 695 | |
| Amortization of intangibles | 640 | | | 1,109 | | | 1,299 | | | 1,804 | |
| Impairment of assets | 8,033 | | | 662 | | | 8,033 | | | 662 | |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 167 | | | 3,120 | | | 167 | | | 3,120 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 470 | | | 941 | |
| Stock-based compensation | 471 | | | 706 | | | 941 | | | 1,647 | |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | (5) | | | 3 | | | (8) | | | (587) | |
| Gain on insurance | - | | | (27) | | | - | | | (91) | |
| Non-GAAP operating income | $ | 13,963 | | | $ | 19,000 | | | $ | 28,254 | | | $ | 36,880 | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | Three Months Ended March 31, | | Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 | | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Reconciliation of GAAP operating margin to non-GAAP operating margin | | | | | | | |
| Income from operations | 17.8 | % | | 24.2 | % |
| Income from operations | 6.4 | % | | 18.8 | % | | 12.2 | % | | 21.4 | % |
| Amortization of intangibles | 0.9 | % | | 1.6 | % | | 0.9 | % | | 1.3 | % |
| Impairment of assets | 11.1 | % | | 0.9 | % | | 5.5 | % | | 0.5 | % |
| Settlement of lawsuits | 0.2 | % | | 4.4 | % | | 0.1 | % | | 2.2 | % |
| Stock-based compensation | 0.7 | % | | 1.0 | % | | 0.6 | % | | 1.2 | % |
| Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets | 0.0 | % | | 0.0 | % | | 0.0 | % | | (0.4) | % |
| Gain on insurance | 0.0 | % | | 0.0 | % | | 0.0 | % | | (0.1) | % |
| Non-GAAP operating income | 19.3 | % | | 26.6 | % | | 19.3 | % | | 26.1 | % |
* Per share amounts and percentages may not foot due to rounding.
** The adjustments to reconcile net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders to non-GAAP net income exclude the impact of adjustments related to noncontrolling interests, which is immaterial.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources
At March 31, 2024, our cash and cash equivalents were approximately $20.0 million compared to $21.0 million at September 30, 2023. Because of the large volume of cash we handle, we have very stringent cash controls. As of March 31, 2024, we had negative working capital of $14.4 million compared to negative working capital of $10.5 million as of September 30, 2023. We believe that we can borrow capital if needed but currently we do not have unused credit facilities so there can be no guarantee that additional liquidity will be readily available or available on favorable terms.
We have not recently raised capital through the issuance of equity securities although we have used equity recently in our acquisitions. Instead, we use debt financing to lower our overall cost of capital and increase our return on stockholders' equity. We have a history of borrowing funds in private transactions and from sellers in acquisition transactions and have secured traditional bank financing on our new development projects and refinancing of our existing notes payable. There can be no assurance though that any of these financing options would be presently available on favorable terms, if at all. We also have historically utilized these cash flows to invest in property and equipment, adult nightclubs, and restaurants/sports bars.
We expect to generate adequate cash flows from operations for the next 12 months from the issuance of this report.
The following table presents a summary of our cash flows from operating, investing, and financing activities (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Operating activities | $ | 13,633 | | | $ | 14,895 | |
| Operating activities | $ | 24,469 | | | $ | 31,684 | |
| Investing activities | (5,080) | | | (13,650) | |
| Investing activities | (12,686) | | | (48,076) | |
| Financing activities | (8,421) | | | (3,117) | |
| Financing activities | (12,833) | | | 3,196 | |
| Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents | $ | (1,050) | | | $ | (13,196) | |
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Following are our summarized cash flows from operating activities (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Net income | $ | 7,244 | | | $ | 10,271 | |
| Net income | $ | 7,993 | | | $ | 17,964 | |
| Depreciation and amortization | 7,737 | | | 7,067 | |
| Impairment of assets | 8,033 | | | 662 | |
| Deferred income tax benefit | (1,911) | | | - | |
| Stock-based compensation | 941 | | | 1,647 | |
| Net change in operating assets and liabilities | (230) | | | 3,370 | |
| Other | 1,906 | | | 974 | |
| Net cash provided by operating activities | $ | 24,469 | | | $ | 31,684 | |
Net cash provided by operating activities this current six-month period decreased from last year's comparable period primarily due to lower income from operations, and higher interest expense paid, and lower income tax refund received, partially offset by lower estimated income taxes paid.
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Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Following are our cash flows from investing activities (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Payments for property and equipment and intangible assets | $ | (12,802) | | | $ | (22,090) | |
| Acquisition of businesses | - | | | (29,000) | |
| Proceeds from sale of businesses and assets | - | | | 2,810 | |
| Proceeds from insurance | - | | | 91 | |
| Proceeds from notes receivable | 116 | | | 113 | |
| Net cash used in investing activities | $ | (12,686) | | | $ | (48,076) | |
Following is a breakdown of our payments for property and equipment and intangible assets for the quarter ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 (in thousands):six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| New facilities, equipment, and intangible assets | $ | 9,808 | | | $ | 18,205 | |
| Maintenance capital expenditures | 2,994 | | | 3,885 | |
| Total capital expenditures | $ | 12,802 | | | $ | 22,090 | |
The capital expenditures during the six months ended March 31, 2024 were composed mostly of construction projects in-progress, while those during the six months ended March 31, 2023 were composed primarily of real estate and new equipment and furniture purchases for the newly acquired clubs. Maintenance capital expenditures refer mainly to capitalized replacement of productive assets in already existing locations. Variances in capital expenditures are primarily due to the number and timing of new, remodeled, or reconcepted locations under construction.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Following are our cash flows from financing activities (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Proceeds from debt obligations | $ | 2,657 | | | $ | 11,595 | |
| Payments on debt obligations | (10,630) | | | (6,481) | |
| Purchase of treasury stock | (3,602) | | | (98) | |
| Payment of dividends | (562) | | | (462) | |
| Payment of dividends | (1,122) | | | (1,015) | |
| Payment of loan origination costs | (136) | | | (205) | |
| Share in return of investment by noncontrolling partner | - | | | (600) | |
| Net cash used in financing activities | $ | (12,833) | | | $ | 3,196 | |
We purchased 65,219 shares of our common stock at an average price of $54.59 during the quarter ended December 31, 2023, $55.23 during the six months ended March 31, 2024, while we purchased 1,500 shares of our common stock at an average price of $65.02 during the quarter ended December 31, 2022. As of December 31, 2023, six months ended March 31, 2023. As of March 31, 2024, we have approximately $13.0 million authorization remaining to purchase additional shares.
We paid $0.06 per share for dividends during the first quarter ended December 31, 2023, We paid $0.06 per share in quarterly dividends during the two quarters ended March 31, 2024, while we paid $0.05 per share during the first quarter and $0.06 per share during the second quarter for the two quarters ended March 31, 2023.
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See Note 6 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for future maturities of our debt obligations and Note 13 related to the term loan entered into after the balance sheet date. We have paid all our debts on time and have not defaulted nor requested forbearance on any of our debts during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.
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Management also uses certain non-GAAP cash flow measures such as free cash flow. We calculate free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities less maintenance capital expenditures. We use free cash flow as the baseline for the implementation of our capital allocation strategy.
Below is a table reconciling free cash flow to its most directly comparable GAAP measure (in thousands):
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | For the Three Months Ended December 31, |
| | For the Six Months Ended March 31, |
| | 2024 | | 2023 |
| Net cash provided by operating activities | $ | 24,469 | | | $ | 31,684 | |
| Less: Maintenance capital expenditures | 2,994 | | | 3,885 | |
| Free cash flow | $ | 12,650 | | | $ | 13,031 | |
| Free cash flow | $ | 21,475 | | | $ | 27,799 | |
Our free cash flow for the quarter decreased by 2.9% Our free cash flow for the six-month period decreased by 22.7% compared to the comparable prior-year period primarily due to lower income from operations, and higher interest expense paid, and lower income tax refund received, partially offset lower income taxes paid and lower maintenance capital expenditures paid.
We do not include capital expenditures related to new facilities construction, equipment and intangible assets as a reduction from net cash flow from operating activities to arrive at free cash flow. This is because, based on our capital allocation strategy, acquisitions and development of our own clubs and restaurants are our primary uses of free cash flow.
Other than the impact of uncertainties caused by near-term macro environment, including commodity and labor inflation and the lingering effect of the COVID-19 pandemic, and our contractual debt and lease obligations, we are not aware of any event or trend that would adversely impact our liquidity. In our opinion, working capital is not a true indicator of our financial status. Typically, businesses in our industry carry current liabilities in excess of current assets because businesses in our industry receive substantially immediate payment for sales, with nominal receivables, while inventories and other current liabilities normally carry longer payment terms. Vendors and purveyors often remain flexible with payment terms, providing businesses in our industry with opportunities to adjust to short-term business downturns. We consider the primary indicators of financial status to be the long-term trend of revenue growth, the mix of sales revenues, overall cash flow, profitability from operations and the level of long-term debt. We continue to monitor the macro environment and will adjust our overall approach to capital allocation as events and trends unfold.
The following table presents a summary of such indicators for the six months ended March 31 (in thousands, except percentages):
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | 2024 | | Increase | | 2023 | | Increase | | 2022 |
| | | | (Decrease) | | | | (Decrease) | | |
| Sales of alcoholic beverages | $ | 33,316 | | | 12.4 | % | | $ | 29,650 | | | 12.2 | % | | $ | 26,431 | |66,223 | | | 10.8 | % | | $ | 59,786 | | | 11.2 | % | | $ | 53,766 | |
| Sales of food and merchandise | 10,802 | | | 4.4 | % | | 10,347 | | | (5.0) | % | | 10,894 | |21,870 | | | 2.4 | % | | 21,352 | | | (3.2) | % | | 22,054 | |
| Service revenues | 25,119 | | | (1.7) | % | | 25,563 | | | 22.5 | % | | 20,876 | |
| Service revenues | 48,683 | | | (5.0) | % | | 51,253 | | | 20.9 | % | | 42,377 | |
| Other | 4,670 | | | 5.9 | % | | 4,408 | | | 21.3 | % | | 3,635 | |
| Other | 9,414 | | | 3.5 | % | | 9,094 | | | 24.0 | % | | 7,331 | |
| Total revenues | $ | 73,907 | | | 5.6 | % | | $ | 69,968 | | | 13.2 | % | | $ | 61,836 | |
| Total revenues | $ | 146,190 | | | 3.3 | % | | $ | 141,485 | | | 12.7 | % | | $ | 125,528 | |
| Net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders | $ | 7,226 | | | (29.4) | % | | $ | 10,238 | | | (3.2) | % | | $ | 10,575 | |8,000 | | | (55.5) | % | | $ | 17,970 | | | (16.5) | % | | $ | 21,527 | |
| Net cash provided by operating activities | $ | 13,633 | | | (8.5) | % | | $ | 14,895 | | | (8.4) | % | | $ | 16,264 | |24,469 | | | (22.8) | % | | $ | 31,684 | | | 13.7 | % | | $ | 27,861 | |
| Adjusted EBITDA* | $ | 17,467 | | | (14.6) | % | | $ | 20,459 | | | 13.9 | % | | $ | 17,965 | |
| Adjusted EBITDA* | $ | 34,699 | | | (17.7) | % | | $ | 42,149 | | | 11.2 | % | | $ | 37,909 | |
| Free cash flow* | $ | 12,650 | | | (2.9) | % | | $ | 13,031 | | | (14.6) | % | | $ | 15,266 | |
| Free cash flow* | $ | 21,475 | | | (22.7) | % | | $ | 27,799 | | | 5.5 | % | | $ | 26,345 | |
| Debt (end of period) | $ | 234,113 | | | 10.8 | % | | $ | 211,234 | | | 30.5 | % | | $ | 161,850 | |
| Debt (end of period) | $ | 231,925 | | | (5.6) | % | | $ | 245,767 | | | 38.0 | % | | $ | 178,080 | |
*See definition and calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow above in the Non-GAAP Financial Measures subsection of Results of Operations.

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Impact of Inflation
To the extent permitted by competition, we have managed to recover increased costs through price increases and may continue to do so. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so in the future.
Seasonality
Our nightclub operations are affected by seasonal factors. Historically, we have experienced reduced revenues from April through September (our fiscal third and fourth quarters) with the strongest operating results occurring during October through March (our fiscal first and second quarters). Our revenues in certain markets are also affected by sporting events that cause unusual changes in sales from year to year.
Capital Allocation Strategy
Our capital allocation strategy provides us with disciplined guidelines on how we should use our free cash flows; provided however, that we may deviate from this strategy if other strategic rationale warrants. We calculate free cash flow as net cash flows from operating activities minus maintenance capital expenditures. Using the after-tax yield of buying our own stock as baseline, management believes that we are able to make better investment decisions.
Based on our current capital allocation strategy:
•We consider acquiring or developing our own clubs or restaurants that we believe have the potential to provide a minimum cash on cash return of 25%-33%, absent an otherwise strategic rationale;
•We consider disposing of underperforming units to free up capital for more productive use;
•We consider buying back our own stock if the after-tax yield on free cash flow is above 10%;
•We consider paying down our most expensive debt if it makes sense on a tax adjusted basis, or there is an otherwise strategic rationale.
Growth Strategy
We believe that we can continue to grow organically and through careful entry into markets with high growth potential. Our growth strategy includes acquiring existing units, opening new units after market analysis, developing new club concepts that are consistent with our management and marketing skills, franchising our Bombshells brand, and developing and opening our Bombshells concept as our capital and manpower allow.
All thirteen of the existing Bombshells restaurants as of March 31, 2024 were located in Texas. Our growth strategy is to diversify our operations with these units which do not require SOB licenses, which are sometimes difficult to obtain. While we are searching for adult nightclubs to acquire, we are able to also search for restaurant/sports bar locations that are consistent with our income targets.
We continue to evaluate opportunities to acquire new nightclubs and anticipate acquiring new locations that fit our business model as we have done in the past. The acquisition of additional clubs may require us to take on additional debt or issue our common stock, or both. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain additional financing on reasonable terms in the future, if at all, should the need arise. An inability to obtain such additional financing could have an adverse effect on our growth strategy.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
As of March 31, 2024, there were no material changes to the information provided in Item 7A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year ended September 30, 2023.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures, defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that the information required to be filed or submitted with the SEC under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management of the company with the participation of its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
In connection with the preparation of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2024, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the chief executive officer and chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures. Based on their evaluation, they have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of March 31, 2024. This determination is based on the previously reported material weaknesses management previously identified in our internal control over financial reporting, as described below. We are in the process of remediating the material weaknesses in our internal control, as described below. We believe the completion of these processes should remedy our disclosure controls and procedures. We will continue to monitor these issues.
Previously Reported Material Weakness in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
In our Annual Report for the year ended September 30, 2023, filed with the SEC on December 14, 2023, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of September 30, 2023. In the evaluation, management identified material weaknesses in internal control related (1) proper design and implementation of controls over management's review of the Company's accounting for business combinations, specifically related to the identification of and accounting for intangible assets acquired in a business combination, and over the precision of management's review of certain valuation assumptions; (2) the impairment of goodwill, indefinite-lived intangibles, and long-lived assets, specifically over the precision of management's review of certain assumptions; and (3) ineffective information technology general controls ("ITGCs") in the areas of user access and program change-management over certain information technology ("IT") systems that support the Company's financial reporting processes. Our business process controls (automated and manual) that are dependent on the affected ITGCs were also deemed ineffective because they could have been adversely impacted. We believe that these control deficiencies were a result of inadequate IT controls over the review of user access and imprecise documentation of procedures related to program change management. Additionally, we rely upon a variety of outsourced IT service providers for key elements of the technology infrastructure impacting our financial reporting process. Certain outsourced IT service providers could not provide System and Organization Controls ("SOC") reports for periods that closely align with our fiscal year end. Given that management did not effectively assess the design and operation of these outsourced IT service providers' internal controls, some of our controls over IT systems and business processes were also deemed ineffective, but only to the extent that we rely upon information that was subject to the outsourced IT service providers' control environment. These deficiencies may have an impact on our financial statements, account balances, and disclosures. Based on our evaluation, our management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of September 30, 2023.
Remediation Efforts to Address Material Weakness
Review of Accounting for Business Combinations
Management is committed to the remediation of the material weakness described above. As such, controls will be added to both increase precision of management's review of each component of business combinations, and if necessary, retain the services of a third-party consultant to assist in the valuation and accounting for intangible assets acquired in a business combination.

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Review of Accounting for Impairment of Goodwill and Intangible Assets
As most of the assumptions used in the valuation models employed in impairment analyses are subjective in nature, Management will employ additional controls to validate these assumptions, including the engagement of a third-party consultant to assist developing valuation models and establishing sound and reasonable assumptions.
Information Technology General Controls
As a result of the material weakness, we have initiated and will continue to implement remediation measures to ensure that control deficiencies contributing to the material weakness are remediated, such that these controls are designed, implemented, and operating effectively. The remediation actions include: (i) strengthening and enhancing the review and documentation procedures in our controls over user access review; (ii) define and communicate clear and concise program change management policy and procedures; (iii) enhancing the reporting requirements of accounting system audit logs; (vi) continuous improvement over our ITGC controls related to third party applications; and (vi) enhanced quarterly reporting on the remediation measures to the Audit Committee of the board of directors.
It is our belief that these added controls will effectively remediate the existing material weaknesses.
We believe that these actions will remediate the material weaknesses. The material weaknesses will not be considered remediated, however, until the applicable controls operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are operating effectively. We expect that the remediation of these material weaknesses will be completed prior to the end of fiscal 2024.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Other than as described above, there were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2024, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II-OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
See the "Legal Matters" section within Note 9 of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements within this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which information is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
There were no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023, except for such risks and uncertainties that may result from the additional disclosure in the "Legal Matters" section within Note 9 of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements within this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which information is incorporated herein by reference. The risks described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K and in this Form 10-Q are not the only risks the Company faces. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to the Company, or that the Company deems to be immaterial, also may have a material adverse impact on the Company's business, financial condition or results of operations.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Our share repurchase activity during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was as follows:
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| Period | | Total Number of Shares (or Units) Purchased | | Average Price Paid per Share (or Unit)(1) | | Total Number of Shares (or Units) Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs(2) | | Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares (or Units) That May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs |
| October 1-31, 2023 | | 32,704 | | | $ | 54.55 | | | 32,704 | | | $ | 14,857,259 | |
| January 1-31, 2024 | | - | | | | | - | | | $ | 14,569,372 | |
| November 1-30, 2023 | | 5,250 | | | $ | 54.84 | | | 5,250 | | | $ | 14,569,372 | |
| February 1-29, 2024 | | 13,712 | | | $ | 56.65 | | | 13,712 | | | $ | 13,792,591 | |
| December 1-31, 2023 | | - | | | | | - || March 1-31, 2024 | | 13,553 | | | $ | 55.59 | | | 13,553 | | | $ | 13,039,161 | |
| | | 37,954 | | | $ | 54.59 | | | 37,954 | | | |
| | | 27,265 | | | $ | 56.12 | | | 27,265 | | | |
(1) Prices include any commissions and transaction costs, but exclude a 1% excise tax.
(2) All shares were purchased pursuant to the repurchase plans approved by the board of directors as disclosed in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.


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Item 6. Exhibits.
| | | | | | | | | |
| Exhibit No. | | Description |
| | | |
| 31.1 | | Certification of Chief Executive Officer of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. required by Rule 13a-14(1) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. |
| | | |
| 31.2 | | Certification of Chief Financial Officer of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. required by Rule 13a-14(1) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. |
| | | |
| 32 | | Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Section 1350 of 18 U.S.C. 63. |
| | | |
| 101 | | The following financial information from RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc.'s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 formatted in Inline XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) includes: (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity, (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. |
| | | |
| 104 | | Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101) |
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
| | | | | | | | | |
| | RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC. |
| | | |
| Date: May 9, 2024 | By: | /s/ Eric S. Langan |
| | | Eric S. Langan |
| | | Chief Executive Officer and President |
| | | |
| Date: May 9, 2024 | By: | /s/ Bradley Chhay |
| | | Bradley Chhay |
| | | Chief Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer |
41

EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE
SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
I, Eric S. Langan, Chief Executive Officer and President of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., certify that:
1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc.;
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d)Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal year that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's independent registered public accounting firm and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.
| | | | | | | | | |
| Date: May 9, 2024 | By: | /s/ Eric S. Langan |
| | | Eric S. Langan |
| | | Chief Executive Officer and President |


EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE
SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
I, Bradley Chhay, Chief Financial Officer of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., certify that:
1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc.;
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d)Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's independent registered public accounting firm and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.
| | | | | | | | | |
| Date: May 9, 2024 | By: | /s/ Bradley Chhay |
| | | Bradley Chhay |
| | | Chief Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer |


Exhibit 32
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (the "Company") on Form 10-Q for the fiscal period ended March 31, 2024 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the "Report"), we, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that based on our knowledge, that:
(1)The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
(2)The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and result of operations of the Company as of and for the periods covered in the Report.
| | | | | | |
| /s/ Eric S. Langan | |
| Eric S. Langan | |
| Chief Executive Officer | |
| May 9, 2024 | |
| | |
| /s/ Bradley Chhay | |
| Bradley Chhay | |
| Chief Financial Officer | |
| May 9, 2024 | |
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. and will be retained by RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.
The foregoing certification is being furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission as an exhibit to the Form 10-Q and shall not be considered filed as part of the Form 10-Q.