false2024Q209-300000935419xbrli:sharesiso4217:USDiso4217:USDxbrli:sharesxbrli:purerick:clubrick:investorrick:monthly_installmentrick:memberrick:plaintiffrick:claimrick:note00009354192023-10-012024-03-3100009354192024-05-0600009354192024-03-3100009354192023-09-300000935419rick:AlcoholicBeveragesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:AlcoholicBeveragesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:AlcoholicBeveragesMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:AlcoholicBeveragesMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-3100009354192024-01-012024-03-3100009354192023-01-012023-03-3100009354192022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:ServiceandOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:ServiceandOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:ServiceandOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:ServiceandOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-09-300000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-09-300000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-09-300000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-09-300000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-09-300000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-10-012023-12-3100009354192023-10-012023-12-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-10-012023-12-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-10-012023-12-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-10-012023-12-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-10-012023-12-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-12-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-12-3100009354192023-12-310000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-09-300000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-09-300000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-09-300000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-09-300000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-09-3000009354192022-09-300000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-10-012022-12-3100009354192022-10-012022-12-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-10-012022-12-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-10-012022-12-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-10-012022-12-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-12-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-3100009354192022-12-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-03-310000935419us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-03-310000935419us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-03-310000935419us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-03-3100009354192023-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:NightclubsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:NightclubsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:NightclubsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:BombshellsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:NightclubsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:BombshellsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:NightclubsMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:NightclubsMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:SalesofAlcoholicBeveragesMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:FoodAndMerchandiseMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:FoodAndMerchandiseMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:NightclubsMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:BombshellsMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:NightclubsMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:BombshellsMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:ServiceMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberrick:OtherRevenuesMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:OtherRevenuesMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMemberus-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMemberrick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:AdRevenueMember2023-09-300000935419rick:AdRevenueMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:AdRevenueMember2024-03-310000935419rick:ExpoRevenueMember2023-09-300000935419rick:ExpoRevenueMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:ExpoRevenueMember2024-03-310000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2023-09-300000935419rick:FranchiseFeesAndOtherMember2024-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMember2024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMember2023-09-300000935419rick:BombshellsMember2024-03-310000935419rick:BombshellsMember2023-09-300000935419rick:OtherSegmentMember2024-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMember2023-09-300000935419us-gaap:CorporateMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMember2023-09-300000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMemberrick:IntercompanySalesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMemberrick:IntercompanySalesMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:NightclubsMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:CorporateMemberrick:IntercompanyRentalRevenueMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMemberrick:IntercompanySalesMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:OtherSegmentMemberrick:IntercompanySalesMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419srt:MinimumMember2024-03-310000935419srt:MaximumMember2024-03-310000935419srt:MinimumMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419srt:MaximumMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:SOBLicensesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NewYorkDepartmentOfLaborMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-10-2500009354192023-10-250000935419us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2024-03-310000935419us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2021-10-310000935419us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember2023-11-170000935419us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember2023-11-172023-11-170000935419us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember2023-11-172023-11-170000935419us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2023-11-172023-11-170000935419rick:ScheduledBalloonPaymentsOfDebtMember2024-03-310000935419srt:MaximumMemberrick:TwentyTwentyTwoStockOptionPlanMember2022-02-070000935419rick:TwentyTwentyTwoStockOptionPlanMember2022-02-092022-02-090000935419rick:TwentyTwentyTwoStockOptionPlanMember2022-02-0900009354192022-02-092022-02-090000935419us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2022-02-092022-02-090000935419us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMember2022-02-092022-02-090000935419us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2022-02-092022-02-090000935419rick:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementTrancheFourMember2022-02-092022-02-090000935419rick:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementTrancheFiveMember2022-02-092022-02-090000935419us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:IndemnityInsuranceCorporationMember2014-04-102014-04-100000935419rick:IndemnityInsuranceCorporationMember2024-03-310000935419rick:IndemnityInsuranceCorporationMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:JAIPhoenixMemberrick:CompensatoryDamagesMember2017-04-012017-04-300000935419rick:JAIPhoenixMemberrick:PunitiveDamagesMember2017-04-012017-04-3000009354192023-03-012023-03-3100009354192023-09-012023-09-300000935419rick:CommercialBankIndebtednessMember2024-03-310000935419rick:CommercialBankIndebtednessMember2023-09-300000935419rick:EdAnakarAndNourdeanAnakarMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2023-10-012023-10-310000935419rick:AllenChhayAndBradleyChhayMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2023-10-012023-10-310000935419rick:NottinghamCreationsAndSherwoodForestCreationsLLCMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:NottinghamCreationsAndSherwoodForestCreationsLLCMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:NottinghamCreationsAndSherwoodForestCreationsLLCMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:NottinghamCreationsAndSherwoodForestCreationsLLCMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:NottinghamCreationsAndSherwoodForestCreationsLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2024-03-310000935419rick:NottinghamCreationsAndSherwoodForestCreationsLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2023-09-300000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2024-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMemberrick:ThirdPartyGeneralContractorMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMemberrick:ThirdPartyGeneralContractorMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMemberrick:ThirdPartyGeneralContractorMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMemberrick:ThirdPartyGeneralContractorMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:TWMechanicalLLCMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2023-09-300000935419us-gaap:EquipmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:EquipmentMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419us-gaap:EquipmentMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419us-gaap:EquipmentMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:PrincipalPaymentsMember2024-03-310000935419rick:InterestPaymentsMember2024-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMember2023-03-012023-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMember2024-01-012024-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMember2023-01-012023-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMember2022-10-012023-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2024-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMemberrick:NineSecuredPromissoryNotesMemberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2024-03-310000935419rick:BabyDollsChicasLocasMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-10-012024-03-310000935419rick:TermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-04-300000935419rick:TermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-04-302024-04-300000935419rick:TermLoanMemberus-gaap:InterestRateFloorMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-04-302024-04-300000935419us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-05-060000935419us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-04-012024-05-06
Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-13992
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Texas76-0458229
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
10737 Cutten Road
Houston, Texas 77066
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(281) 397-6730
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par valueRICKThe Nasdaq Global Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer x Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
As of May 6, 2024, 9,325,117 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.


Table of Contents
NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements, which are other than statements of historical facts. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including, without limitation, the following sections: Part I, Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Important factors that in our view could cause material adverse effects on our financial condition and results of operations include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties associated with (i) operating and managing an adult business, (ii) the business climates in cities where we operate, (iii) the success or lack thereof in launching and building our businesses, (iv) cyber security, (v) conditions relevant to real estate transactions, (vi) the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and (vii) numerous other factors such as laws governing the operation of adult entertainment businesses, competition and dependence on key personnel. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to any forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
As used herein, the “Company,” “we,” “our,” and similar terms include RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
2

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
3

Table of Contents
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except par value and number of shares)
March 31, 2024September 30, 2023
(unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$19,973 $21,023 
Accounts receivable, net8,779 9,846 
Current portion of notes receivable265 249 
Inventories4,554 4,412 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets8,387 1,943 
Assets held for sale74 — 
Total current assets42,032 37,473 
Property and equipment, net288,224 282,705 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net33,396 34,931 
Notes receivable, net of current portion4,289 4,443 
Goodwill67,862 70,772 
Intangibles, net172,728 179,145 
Other assets1,362 1,415 
Total assets$609,893 $610,884 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$5,632 $6,111 
Accrued liabilities22,597 16,051 
Current portion of debt obligations, net25,072 22,843 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities3,098 2,977 
Total current liabilities56,399 47,982 
Deferred tax liability, net27,232 29,143 
Debt, net of current portion and debt discount and issuance costs206,853 216,908 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion33,593 35,175 
Other long-term liabilities317 352 
Total liabilities324,394 329,560 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)
Equity
Preferred stock, $0.10 par value per share; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
— — 
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 9,332,420 and 9,397,639 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, respectively
93 94 
Additional paid-in capital77,742 80,437 
Retained earnings207,928 201,050 
Total RCIHH stockholders’ equity285,763 281,581 
Noncontrolling interests(264)(257)
Total equity285,499 281,324 
Total liabilities and equity$609,893 $610,884 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share and number of share data)
(unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Revenues
Sales of alcoholic beverages$32,907 $30,136 $66,223 $59,786 
Sales of food and merchandise11,068 11,005 21,870 21,352 
Service revenues23,564 25,690 48,683 51,253 
Other4,744 4,686 9,414 9,094 
Total revenues72,283 71,517 146,190 141,485 
Operating expenses
Cost of goods sold
Alcoholic beverages sold5,891 5,365 12,172 10,739 
Food and merchandise sold3,993 3,737 8,031 7,323 
Service and other35 16 75 65 
Total cost of goods sold (exclusive of items shown separately below)9,919 9,118 20,278 18,127 
Salaries and wages20,975 19,428 42,307 38,104 
Selling, general and administrative24,653 22,026 49,854 44,758 
Depreciation and amortization3,884 3,760 7,737 7,067 
Other charges, net8,195 3,758 8,192 3,104 
Total operating expenses67,626 58,090 128,368 111,160 
Income from operations4,657 13,427 17,822 30,325 
Other income (expenses)
Interest expense(3,999)(3,677)(8,215)(7,364)
Interest income96 90 190 181 
Income before income taxes
754 9,840 9,797 23,142 
Income tax expense
2,147 1,804 5,178 
Net income749 7,693 7,993 17,964 
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests25 39 
Net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders$774 $7,732 $8,000 $17,970 
Earnings per share
Basic and diluted$0.08 $0.83 $0.85 $1.94 
Weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share
Basic and diluted9,350,292 9,265,781 9,358,768 9,247,824 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
Common Stock Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury Stock Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Equity
Number
of Shares
Amount Number
of Shares
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2023
9,397,639 $94 $80,437 $201,050 — $— $(257)$281,324 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (37,954)(2,072)— (2,072)
Canceled treasury shares(37,954)— (2,072)— 37,954 2,072 — — 
Excise tax on stock repurchases— — (20)— — — — (20)
Payment of dividends ($0.06 per share)
— — — (562)— — — (562)
Stock-based compensation— — 470 — — — — 470 
Net income— — — 7,226 — — 18 7,244 
Balance at December 31, 20239,359,685 94 78,815 207,714 — — (239)286,384 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (27,265)(1,530)— (1,530)
Canceled treasury shares(27,265)(1)(1,529)— 27,265 1,530 — — 
Excise tax on stock repurchases— — (15)— — — — (15)
Payment of dividends ($0.06 per share)
— — — (560)— — — (560)
Stock-based compensation— — 471 — — — — 471 
Net income (loss)— — — 774 — — (25)749 
Balance at March 31, 2024
9,332,420 $93 $77,742 $207,928 — $— $(264)$285,499 
Balance at September 30, 2022
9,231,725 $92 $67,227 $173,950 — $— $489 $241,758 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (1,500)(98)— (98)
Canceled treasury shares(1,500)— (98)— 1,500 98 — — 
Payment of dividends ($0.05 per share)
— — — (462)— — — (462)
Stock-based compensation— — 941 — — — — 941 
Share in return of investment by noncontrolling partner— — — — — — (600)(600)
Net income— — — 10,238 — — 33 10,271 
Balance at December 31, 20229,230,225 92 68,070 183,726 — — (78)251,810 
Issuance of common shares for business combination200,000 16,306 — — — — 16,308 
Payment of dividends ($0.06 per share)
— — — (553)— — — (553)
Stock-based compensation— — 706 — — — — 706 
Net income (loss)— — — 7,732 — — (39)7,693 
Balance at March 31, 2023
9,430,225 $94 $85,082 $190,905 — $— $(117)$275,964 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
For the Six Months Ended March 31,
20242023
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$7,993 $17,964 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,737 7,067 
Impairment of assets8,033 662 
Deferred income tax benefit
(1,911)— 
Stock-based compensation941 1,647 
Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets37 (689)
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs312 291 
Noncash lease expense1,535 1,463 
Gain on insurance— (91)
Doubtful accounts expense on notes receivable22 — 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of business acquisitions:
Accounts receivable1,067 708 
Inventories(142)79 
Prepaid expenses, other current and other assets(6,420)(5,705)
Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities5,265 8,288 
Net cash provided by operating activities24,469 31,684 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from sale of businesses and assets— 2,810 
Proceeds from insurance— 91 
Proceeds from notes receivable116 113 
Payments for property and equipment and intangible assets(12,802)(22,090)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired— (29,000)
Net cash used in investing activities(12,686)(48,076)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from debt obligations2,657 11,595 
Payments on debt obligations(10,630)(6,481)
Purchase of treasury stock(3,602)(98)
Payment of dividends(1,122)(1,015)
Payment of loan origination costs(136)(205)
Share in return of investment by noncontrolling partner— (600)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(12,833)3,196 
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(1,050)(13,196)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD21,023 35,980 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$19,973 $22,784 
7

Table of Contents
For the Six Months Ended March 31,
20242023
CASH PAID DURING PERIOD FOR:
Interest$7,877 $6,874 
Income taxes$2,510 $5,605 
Noncash investing and financing transactions:
Debt incurred in connection with acquisition of businesses$— $30,405 
Debt incurred in connection with purchase of property and equipment$— $7,584 
Issuance of shares of common stock for acquisition of businesses:
Number of shares— 200,000 
Fair value$— $16,308 
Adjustment to operating lease right-of-use assets related to new and renewed leases$— $1,659 
Adjustment to operating lease liabilities related to new and renewed leases$— $1,958 
Unpaid excise tax on stock repurchases$35 $— 
Unpaid liabilities on capital expenditures$1,244 $3,045 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
8

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)





1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (the “Company,” “RCIHH,” “we,” or “us”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP” or “U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q of Regulation S-X. They do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The September 30, 2023 consolidated balance sheet data were derived from audited financial statements but do not include all disclosures required by GAAP. However, except as disclosed herein, there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2023 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 14, 2023. The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with those consolidated financial statements included in the Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of the financial statements, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, have been made. Operating results for the six months ended March 31, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2024.
2. Recent Accounting Standards and Pronouncements
In October 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. This ASU amends Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 805 to require acquiring entities to apply ASC 606 to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities in business combinations. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted ASU 2021-08 on October 1, 2023. Our adoption of this ASU did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2022, the FASB issued ASU 2022-03, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Fair Value Measurement of Equity Securities Subject to Contractual Sale Restrictions. The amendments in this ASU clarify that an entity should measure the fair value of an equity security subject to contractual sale restriction the same way it measures an identical equity security that is not subject to such a restriction. The FASB said the contractual restriction on the sale of an equity security is not considered part of the unit of account of the equity security and, therefore, should not affect its fair value. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the impact of this ASU and we believe that the adoption of this guidance will not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-01, Leases (Topic 842): Common Control Arrangements, which amends certain provisions of ASC 842 that apply to arrangements between related parties under common control. The ASU requires all companies to amortize leasehold improvements associated with common control leases over the asset's useful life to the common control group regardless of the lease term. It also allows private and certain not-for-profit entities to use the written terms and conditions of an agreement to account for common control leases without further assessing the legal enforceability of those terms. The guidance is effective for all entities in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for both interim and annual financial statements that have not yet been made available for issuance. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU but we believe that the adoption of this guidance will not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

9

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




2. Recent Accounting Standards and Pronouncements - continued
In August 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-05, Business Combinations—Joint Venture Formations (Subtopic 805-60): Recognition and Initial Measurement, which addresses the accounting for contributions made to a joint venture, upon formation, in a joint venture's separate financial statements. The objectives of the ASU are to (1) provide decision-useful information to investors and other allocators of capital in a joint venture's financial statements and (2) reduce diversity in practice. The FASB decided to require a joint venture to apply a new basis of accounting upon formation that will recognize and initially measure its assets and liabilities at fair value (with exceptions to fair value measurement that are consistent with the business combinations guidance). The amendments of this ASU are effective prospectively for all joint venture formations with a formation date on or after January 1, 2025. Additionally, a joint venture that was formed before January 1, 2025 may elect to apply the amendments retrospectively if it has sufficient information. early adoptions is permitted in any interim or annual period in which financial statements have not yet been issued (or made available for issuance), either prospectively or retrospectively. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements.
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which aims to improve reportable segment disclosure requirements, primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses. In addition, the amendments in the ASU enhance interim disclosure requirements, clarify circumstances in which an entity can disclose multiple segment measures of profit or loss, provide new segment disclosure requirements for entities with a single reportable segment, and contain other disclosure requirements. The purpose of the amendments is to enable investors to better understand an entity's overall performance and assess potential future cash flows. The ASU applies to all public entities that are required to report segment information in accordance with ASC 280, and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the impact of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. Under the ASU, public business entities must annually (1) disclose specific categories in the rate reconciliation and (2) provide additional information for reconciling items that meet a quantitative threshold (if the effect of those reconciling items is equal to or greater than five percent of the amount computed by multiplying pretax income or loss by the applicable statutory income tax rate. The amendments of the ASU are effective for public business entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. Entities are permitted to early adopt the standard for annual financial statements that have not been issued or made available for issuance. We are enhancing our income tax reporting system to be able to capture the required disclosures of this ASU.
10

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




3. Revenues
Revenues, as disaggregated by revenue type, timing of recognition, and reportable segment (see also Note 4), are shown below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
NightclubsBombshellsOtherTotalNightclubsBombshellsOtherTotal
Sales of alcoholic beverages$25,946 $6,961 $— $32,907 $22,191 $7,945 $— $30,136 
Sales of food and merchandise5,346 5,722 — 11,068 4,823 6,182 — 11,005 
Service revenues23,562 — 23,564 25,686 — 25,690 
Other revenues4,518 86 140 4,744 4,331 184 171 4,686 
$59,372 $12,771 $140 $72,283 $57,031 $14,315 $171 $71,517 
Recognized at a point in time$58,949 $12,770 $140 $71,859 $56,577 $14,274 $127 $70,978 
Recognized over time423 *— 424 454 *41 44 539 
$59,372 $12,771 $140 $72,283 $57,031 $14,315 $171 $71,517 
Six Months Ended March 31, 2024Six Months Ended March 31, 2023
NightclubsBombshellsOtherTotalNightclubsBombshellsOtherTotal
Sales of alcoholic beverages$52,182 $14,041 $— $66,223 $44,289 $15,497 $— $59,786 
Sales of food and merchandise10,586 11,284 — 21,870 9,417 11,935 — 21,352 
Service revenues48,681 — 48,683 51,219 34 — 51,253 
Other revenues8,956 175 283 9,414 8,431 280 383 9,094 
$120,405 $25,502 $283 $146,190 $113,356 $27,746 $383 $141,485 
Recognized at a point in time$119,549 $25,500 $283 $145,332 $112,495 $27,702 $338 $140,535 
Recognized over time856 *— 858 861 *44 45 950 
$120,405 $25,502 $283 $146,190 $113,356 $27,746 $383 $141,485 
* Lease revenue (included in Other Revenues) as covered by ASC 842. All other revenues are covered by ASC 606.

11

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




3. Revenues - continued
The Company does not have contract assets with customers. The Company’s unconditional right to consideration for goods and services transferred to the customer is included in accounts receivable, net in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet. A reconciliation of contract liabilities with customers is presented below (in thousands):
Balance at
September 30, 2023
Net Consideration
Received (Refunded)
Recognized in
Revenue
Balance at
March 31, 2024
Ad revenue$49 $244 $(207)$86 
Expo revenue422 — 423 
Franchise fees and other46 — (3)43 
$96 $666 $(210)$552 
Contract liabilities with customers are included in accrued liabilities as unearned revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets (see also Note 5), while the revenues associated with these contract liabilities are included in other revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
4. Segment Information
The Company owns and operates adult nightclubs and Bombshells Restaurants and Bars. The Company has identified such segments based on management responsibility and the nature of the Company’s products, services, and costs. There are no major distinctions in geographical areas served as all operations are in the United States. The Company measures segment profit (loss) as income (loss) from operations. Segment assets are those assets controlled by each reportable segment. The Other category below includes our media and energy drink divisions that are not significant to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Below is the financial information related to the Company’s segments (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Revenues (from external customers)
Nightclubs$59,372 $57,031 $120,405 $113,356 
Bombshells12,771 14,315 25,502 27,746 
Other140 171 283 383 
$72,283 $71,517 $146,190 $141,485 
Income (loss) from operations
Nightclubs$11,021 $17,995 $31,390 $40,735 
Bombshells699 1,775 785 3,622 
Other(277)(168)(473)(353)
Corporate(6,786)(6,175)(13,880)(13,679)
$4,657 $13,427 $17,822 $30,325 



12

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




4. Segment Information - continued
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Depreciation and amortization
Nightclubs$2,927 $2,464 $5,832 $4,949 
Bombshells650 931 1,293 1,389 
Other63 126 
Corporate305 302 608 603 
$3,884 $3,760 $7,737 $7,067 
Capital expenditures
Nightclubs$2,699 $1,214 $4,231 $5,358 
Bombshells1,535 6,708 3,443 15,027 
Other2,205 41 3,703 78 
Corporate1,228 1,574 1,425 1,627 
$7,667 $9,537 $12,802 $22,090 
March 31, 2024September 30, 2023
Total assets
Nightclubs$472,743 $483,563 
Bombshells89,679 85,215 
Other11,945 6,936 
Corporate35,526 35,170 
$609,893 $610,884 
Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended March 31, 2024, amounting to $4.6 million and $21,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2024, amounting to $9.1 million and $248,000, respectively; and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 amounting to $89,000 and $128,000, respectively. Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended March 31, 2023, amounting to $3.9 million and $31,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2023, amounting to $7.6 million and $262,000, respectively; and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023 amounting to $78,000 and $115,000, respectively. These intercompany revenue amounts are eliminated upon consolidation.
General corporate expenses include corporate salaries, health insurance and social security taxes for officers, legal, accounting and information technology employees, corporate taxes and insurance, legal and accounting fees, depreciation and other corporate costs such as automobile and travel costs. Management considers these to be non-allocable costs for segment purposes.
Certain real estate assets previously wholly assigned to Bombshells have been subdivided and allocated to other future development or investment projects. Accordingly, those asset costs have been transferred out of the Bombshells segment.
13

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




5. Selected Account Information
The components of accounts receivable, net are as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2024September 30, 2023
Credit card receivables$4,154 $4,141 
Income tax refundable1,756 2,989 
ATM in-transit1,753 1,675 
Other (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $21 and $62, respectively)
1,116 1,041 
Total accounts receivable, net$8,779 $9,846 
Notes receivable consist primarily of secured promissory notes executed between the Company and various buyers of our businesses and assets with interest rates ranging from 6% to 9% per annum and having original terms ranging from 1 to 20 years.
The components of prepaid expenses and other current assets are as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2024September 30, 2023
Prepaid insurance$6,203 $375 
Prepaid legal61 184 
Prepaid taxes and licenses801 486 
Prepaid rent513 346 
Other809 552 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets$8,387 $1,943 
The components of accrued liabilities are as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2024September 30, 2023
Insurance$6,017 $
Sales and liquor taxes2,646 2,468 
Payroll and related costs4,654 4,412 
Property taxes2,103 3,086 
Interest680 654 
Patron tax1,229 914 
Unearned revenues552 96 
Lawsuit settlement2,153 2,448 
Other2,563 1,964 
Total accrued liabilities$22,597 $16,051 
14

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




5. Selected Account Information - continued
The components of selling, general and administrative expenses are as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Taxes and permits$3,967 $2,739 $8,009 $5,423 
Advertising and marketing2,993 2,731 6,467 5,401 
Supplies and services2,736 2,657 5,431 5,081 
Insurance3,265 2,238 6,580 4,820 
Legal1,116 1,296 1,849 2,281 
Lease1,785 1,765 3,609 3,527 
Charge card fees1,682 1,683 3,414 3,580 
Utilities1,462 1,353 2,947 2,624 
Security1,287 1,308 2,698 2,472 
Stock-based compensation471 706 941 1,647 
Accounting and professional fees1,136 657 2,322 2,175 
Repairs and maintenance1,114 1,207 2,213 2,371 
Other1,639 1,686 3,374 3,356 
Total selling, general and administrative expenses$24,653 $22,026 $49,854 $44,758 
The components of other charges, net are as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Impairment of assets$8,033 $662 $8,033 $662 
Settlement of lawsuits167 3,120 167 3,120 
Loss (gain) on disposal of businesses and assets(5)(8)(587)
Gain on insurance— (27)— (91)
Total other charges, net
$8,195 $3,758 $8,192 $3,104 
During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, we recorded $4.4 million in SOB license impairment related to four clubs, $2.9 million in goodwill impairment related to two clubs, and $693,000 in tradename impairment related to one club, whereas during the quarter ended March 31, 2023, we recorded $662,000 in goodwill impairment related to one club.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2023, we recognized lawsuit settlements of $3.1 million, of which $2.8 million related to a settlement with the New York Department of Labor related to the assessment by the New York Department of Labor for state unemployment insurance. See Note 9.

15

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




6. Debt
On October 25, 2023, the Company entered into a debt modification transaction under which 26 investors holding a total principal amount of $15.7 million in unsecured promissory notes agreed to extend the maturity dates of such notes, with no other changes to the terms and conditions of the original promissory notes, which original promissory notes were issued in October 2021 and had original maturity dates in October 2024. The transaction was effected by the 26 investors returning for cancellation their original promissory notes, with us issuing new amended and restated promissory notes to such investors. The original promissory notes were deemed cancelled as of the end of the day on October 31, 2023, and the new amended promissory notes will have an original issue date, and be deemed effective, as of November 1, 2023.
Other than the extension of the maturity dates, there were no other changes to the terms and conditions of the original promissory notes (except for the reduction in principal, as described below, and the corresponding reduction in monthly installments of principal and interest). The new amended notes will continue to bear interest at the rate of 12% per annum. Of the new amended promissory notes, $9.1 million are payable interest-only monthly (or quarterly) in arrears, with a final lump sum payment of principal and accrued and unpaid interest due on October 1, 2026. The remaining $6.6 million in the amended promissory notes are payable in monthly payments of principal and interest based on a 10-year amortization period, with the balance of the entire principal amount together with all accrued and unpaid interest due and payable in full on November 1, 2027. The original promissory notes that were returned and cancelled as consideration for the issuance of the $6.6 million in new amended promissory notes had an original principal amount of $7.5 million in October 2021.
On November 17, 2023, the Company closed on a construction loan agreement with a bank lender for a total amount of $7.2 million bearing an interest rate of 8.5% per annum for the construction of a Bombshells restaurant in Rowlett, Texas. The promissory note is payable in 120 monthly payments, the first 18 months of which will be interest-only. The succeeding 101 monthly payments will be payable in equal installments of $63,022 in principal and interest, and the remaining balance in principal and accrued interest payable on the 120th month. The loan is secured by the real estate property under construction. There are certain financial covenants with which the Company is to be in compliance related to this loan.
Future maturities of long-term debt as of March 31, 2024 are as follows: $25.6 million, $17.9 million, $23.1 million, $25.6 million, $17.7 million and $124.9 million for the twelve months ending March 31, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029, and thereafter, respectively. Of the maturity schedule mentioned above, $12.0 million, $4.8 million, $9.1 million, $7.9 million, $2.7 million and $73.6 million, respectively, relate to scheduled balloon payments. Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs amounted to $2.8 million and $2.9 million as of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, respectively.

16

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




7. Stock-based Compensation
On February 7, 2022, our board of directors approved the 2022 Stock Option Plan (the “2022 Plan”). The board’s adoption of the 2022 Plan was approved by the shareholders during the annual stockholders' meeting on August 23, 2022. The 2022 Plan provides that the maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock underlying options that may be granted under the 2022 Plan is 300,000. The options granted under the 2022 Plan may be either incentive stock options or non-qualified options. The 2022 Plan is administered by the compensation committee of the board of directors. The compensation committee has the exclusive power to select individuals to receive grants, to establish the terms of the options granted to each participant, provided that all options granted shall be granted at an exercise price not less than the fair market value of the common stock covered by the option on the grant date, and to make all determinations necessary or advisable under the 2022 Plan. On February 9, 2022, the board of directors approved a grant of 50,000 stock options to each of six members of management subject to the approval of the 2022 Plan.
Stock-based compensation, which is included in corporate segment selling, general and administrative expenses amounted to $471,000 and $941,000 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $706,000 and $1.6 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, we had unrecognized compensation cost amounting to $3.5 million related to stock-based compensation awards granted, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years.
The February 9, 2022 stock options vest over four years with the first 20% having vested on the approval of the 2022 Plan at the 2022 annual stockholders' meeting on August 23, 2022, and 20% vesting on February 9 of each year thereafter, provided however that the options will be subject to earlier vesting under certain events set forth in the Plan, including without limitation a change in control. All of the options will expire, if not exercised, at the end of five years. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the stock options was $31.37 per share. No stock options were exercised during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024. As of March 31, 2024, 180,000 stock options were vested and exercisable.
For the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we excluded 300,000 stock options from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because their effect was anti-dilutive. Aside from the outstanding stock options, there were no other potentially dilutive securities for inclusion in the calculation of diluted earnings per share.
8. Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $5,000 and $1.8 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, compared to $2.1 million and $5.2 million during the three and six months ended and March 31, 2023, respectively. The effective income tax rate was 0.7% and 18.4% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 21.8% and 22.4% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. The disproportionate tax rates during the three months ended March 31, 2024 were caused by the small amount of pre-tax income during the quarter and the reduction of the expected annual effective tax rate. Our effective income tax rate is affected by state taxes, permanent differences, and tax credits, including the FICA tip credit, for both years, as presented below.
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Federal statutory income tax expense21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %
State income taxes, net of federal benefit5.2 %4.0 %3.6 %4.0 %
Permanent differences4.8 %0.6 %0.8 %0.5 %
Tax credits(30.2)%(3.8)%(6.9)%(3.2)%
Other— %— %— %0.1 %
Total income tax expense0.7 %21.8 %18.4 %22.4 %
The Company or one of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various states. Fiscal year ended September 30, 2020 and subsequent years remain open to federal tax examination. The Company ordinarily goes through various federal and state reviews and examinations for various tax matters.
17

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




9. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
Texas Patron Tax
A declaratory judgment action was brought by five operating subsidiaries of the Company to challenge a Texas Comptroller administrative rule related to the $5 per customer Patron Tax Fee assessed against Sexually Oriented Businesses. An administrative rule attempted to expand the fee to cover venues featuring dancers using latex cover as well as traditional nude entertainment. The administrative rule was challenged on both constitutional and statutory grounds. On November 19, 2018, the Court issued an order that a key aspect of the administrative rule is invalid based on it exceeding the scope of the Comptroller’s authority. On March 6, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas, Austin Division, ruled that the Texas Patron Tax is unconstitutional as it has been applied and enforced by the Comptroller. The State of Texas appealed to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, who affirmed that the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied. The State of Texas next sought review from the Supreme Court, but the high court declined to take the case and in doing so exhausted the State's rights to appeal the judgment. The lawsuit was sent back to the trial court for post-trial proceedings, which resulted in the award of attorneys' fees to the operating subsidiaries. Pursuant to the rulings, the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied to clubs featuring dancers using latex cover.
Indemnity Insurance Corporation
As previously reported, the Company and its subsidiaries were insured under a liability policy issued by Indemnity Insurance Corporation, RRG (“IIC”) through October 25, 2013. The Company and its subsidiaries changed insurance companies on that date.
On November 7, 2013, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Rehabilitation and Injunction Order (“Rehabilitation Order”), which declared IIC impaired, insolvent and in an unsafe condition and placed IIC under the supervision of the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Delaware (“Commissioner”) in her capacity as receiver (“Receiver”). The Rehabilitation Order empowered the Commissioner to rehabilitate IIC through a variety of means, including gathering assets and marshaling those assets as necessary. Further, the order stayed or abated pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer until May 6, 2014.
On April 10, 2014, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Liquidation and Injunction Order With Bar Date (“Liquidation Order”), which ordered the liquidation of IIC and terminated all insurance policies or contracts of insurance issued by IIC. The Liquidation Order further ordered that all claims against IIC must have been filed with the Receiver before the close of business on January 16, 2015 and that all pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer were further stayed or abated until October 7, 2014. As a result, the Company and its subsidiaries no longer had insurance coverage under the liability policy with IIC. The Company has retained counsel to defend against and evaluate these claims and lawsuits. We are funding 100% of the costs of litigation and will seek reimbursement from the bankruptcy receiver. The Company filed the appropriate claims against IIC with the Receiver before the January 16, 2015 deadline and has provided updates as requested; however, there are no assurances of any recovery from these claims. It is unknown at this time what effect this uncertainty will have on the Company. As previously stated, since October 25, 2013, the Company has obtained general liability coverage from other insurers, which have covered and/or will cover any claims arising from actions after that date. As of March 31, 2024, we have 1 remaining unresolved claim out of the original 71 claims.

18

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




9. Commitments and Contingencies - continued
Shareholder Derivative Action
On January 21, 2022, Shiva Stein and Kevin McCarty filed a shareholder derivative action in the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division against former director Nourdean Anakar, Yura Barabash, former director Steven L. Jenkins, Eric Langan, Luke Lirot, former CFO Phillip K. Marshall, Elaine J. Martin, Allan Priaulx, and Travis Reese as defendants, as well as against RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. as nominal defendant. The action, styled Stein v. Anakar, et al., No. 4:22-mc-00149 (S.D. Tex.), alleges claims for breach of fiduciary duty based on alleged dissemination of inaccurate information and failure to maintain internal controls. These allegations are substantively similar to claims asserted in a prior securities class action that was settled in August of 2022 and a prior derivative action that was dismissed in June of 2021. On July 24, 2023, the parties reached an agreement in principle to resolve the action. On October 10, 2023, the parties submitted an agreement to settle the action to the Court for the Court's preliminary approval. The Company believes that payments under the settlement agreement will be covered by insurance.
Other
On June 23, 2014, Mark H. Dupray and Ashlee Dupray filed a lawsuit against Pedro Antonio Panameno and our subsidiary JAI Dining Services (Phoenix) Inc. (“JAI Phoenix”) in the Superior Court of Arizona for Maricopa County. The suit alleged that Mr. Panameno injured Mr. Dupray in a traffic accident after being served alcohol at an establishment operated by JAI Phoenix. The suit alleged that JAI Phoenix was liable under theories of common law dram shop negligence and dram shop negligence per se. After a jury trial proceeded to a verdict in favor of the plaintiffs against both defendants, in April 2017 the Court entered a judgment under which JAI Phoenix’s share of compensatory damages is approximately $1.4 million and its share of punitive damages is $4.0 million. In May 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a motion for judgment as a matter of law or, in the alternative, motion for new trial. The Court denied this motion in August 2017. In September 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a notice of appeal. In June 2018, the matter was heard by the Arizona Court of Appeals. On November 15, 2018 the Court of Appeals vacated the jury’s verdict and remanded the case to the trial court. A new trial has been set for June 2025. JAI Phoenix will continue to vigorously defend itself.
As set forth in the risk factors as disclosed in this report, the adult entertainment industry standard is to classify adult entertainers as independent contractors, not employees. While we take steps to ensure that our adult entertainers are deemed independent contractors, from time to time, we are named in lawsuits related to the alleged misclassification of entertainers. Claims are brought under both federal and where applicable, state law. Based on the industry standard, the manner in which the independent contractor entertainers are treated at the clubs, and the entertainer license agreements governing the entertainer’s work at the clubs, the Company believes that these lawsuits are without merit. Lawsuits are handled by attorneys with an expertise in the relevant law and are defended vigorously.
In March 2023, the New York State Department of Labor assessed a final judgment against one of our subsidiaries in a state unemployment tax matter for the years 2009-2022. The assessment of $2.8 million, which was recorded by the Company during the quarter ended March 31, 2023, was issued in final notice by the NY DOL after several appeals were denied by the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Appellate Division, Third Department (see Note 5). In September 2023, the NY DOL assessed another of our subsidiaries for approximately $280,000 on the same matter for the period January 2015 through June 2022. We recorded this latter assessment during the quarter ended September 30, 2023.

19

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




9. Commitments and Contingencies - continued
General
In the regular course of business affairs and operations, we are subject to possible loss contingencies arising from third-party litigation and federal, state, and local environmental, labor, health and safety laws and regulations. We assess the probability that we could incur liability in connection with certain of these lawsuits. Our assessments are made in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as codified in ASC 450-20, and is not an admission of any liability on the part of the Company or any of its subsidiaries. In certain cases that are in the early stages and in light of the uncertainties surrounding them, we do not currently possess sufficient information to determine a range of reasonably possible liability. In matters where there is insurance coverage, in the event we incur any liability, we believe it is unlikely we would incur losses in connection with these claims in excess of our insurance coverage.
The Company recorded lawsuit settlements incurred amounting to $167,000 and $167,000 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $3.1 million and $3.1 million for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, and September 30, 2023, the Company has accrued $2.2 million and $2.4 million, respectively, related to settlement of lawsuit, which is included in accrued liabilities in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
10. Related Party Transactions
Presently, our Chairman and President, Eric Langan, personally guarantees all of the commercial bank indebtedness of the Company. Mr. Langan receives no compensation or other direct financial benefit for any of the guarantees. The balance of our commercial bank indebtedness, net of debt discount and issuance costs, as of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, was $117.6 million and $119.2 million, respectively.
Included in the October 2023 debt transaction (see Note 6) are notes borrowed from related parties—one note for $500,000 (Ed Anakar, an employee of the Company and brother of our former director Nourdean Anakar) and another note for $150,000 (from a brother of Company CFO, Bradley Chhay) in which the terms of the notes are the same as the rest of the lender group.
We used the services of Nottingham Creations, and previously Sherwood Forest Creations, LLC, both furniture fabrication companies that manufacture tables, chairs and other furnishings for our Bombshells locations, as well as providing ongoing maintenance. Nottingham Creations is owned by a brother of Eric Langan (as was Sherwood Forest). Amounts billed to us for goods and services provided by Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest were $202,700 and $344,798 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $188,285 and $188,285 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, we owed Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest $84,163 and $10,700, respectively, in unpaid billings.
TW Mechanical LLC provided plumbing and HVAC services to both a third-party general contractor providing construction services to the Company, as well as directly to the Company during fiscal 2024 and 2023. A son-in-law of Eric Langan owns a 50% interest in TW Mechanical. Amounts billed by TW Mechanical to the third-party general contractor were $0 and $0 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $18,000 and $64,000 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. Amounts billed directly to the Company were $228 and $3,160 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, respectively, and $379 and $379 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024 and September 30, 2023, the Company owed TW Mechanical $0 and $0, respectively, in unpaid direct billings.
20

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




11. Leases
Total lease expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
2024202320242023
Operating lease expense – fixed payments$1,292 $1,288 $2,584 $2,547 
Variable lease expense411 359 861 786 
Short-term and other lease expense (includes $118 and $63 recorded in advertising and marketing for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and $225 and $127 for the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively; and $147 and $138 recorded in repairs and maintenance for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and $288 and $265 for the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively; see Note 5)
347 319 677 586 
Sublease income— — — — 
Total lease expense, net$2,050 $1,966 $4,122 $3,919 
Other information:
Operating cash outflows from operating leases$2,016 $1,920 $4,049 $3,830 
Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases10.1 years10.9 years
Weighted average discount rate – operating leases5.8 %5.7 %
Future maturities of operating lease liabilities as of March 31, 2024 are as follows (in thousands):
Principal PaymentsInterest PaymentsTotal Payments
April 2024 - March 2025$3,098 $1,970 $5,068 
April 2025 - March 20263,370 1,788 5,158 
April 2026 - March 20273,588 1,589 5,177 
April 2027 - March 20283,218 1,390 4,608 
April 2028 - March 20293,038 1,213 4,251 
Thereafter20,379 4,046 24,425 
$36,691 $11,996 $48,687 

21

Table of Contents
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)





12. Supplemental Pro Forma Information on Prior Year Business Acquisition

In relation to the acquisition of the Baby Dolls-Chicas Locas clubs in March 2023, below are certain unaudited pro forma combined results of operations of the Company and the five acquired clubs and related assets as though the acquisition occurred at the beginning of fiscal 2022 (in thousands, except per share amounts and number of shares):

Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Pro forma revenues$72,283 $77,292 $146,190 $154,424 
Pro forma net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders$774 $8,303 $8,000 $17,213 
Pro forma earnings per share - basic and diluted$0.08 $0.88 $0.85 $1.83 
Pro forma weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share - basic and diluted9,350,292 9,430,225 9,358,768 9,430,241 

The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the acquisition had taken place at the beginning of fiscal 2022. The unaudited pro forma financial information reflects material, nonrecurring adjustments directly attributable to the acquisition, including acquisition-related expenses, interest expense, and any related tax effects. We incurred approximately $280,000 and $292,000 in acquisition-related expenses during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, which is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. Pro forma net income and pro forma earnings per share include the impact of acquisition-related expenses and interest expense related to a $10.0 million line-of-credit facility and the nine seller-financed notes in the acquisition as if they were incurred as of the first day of fiscal 2022. Pro forma weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share include the impact of 200,000 shares of our common stock issued as partial consideration for the acquisition. Since the results of operations during the three and six months ended March 31, 2024 were in a fiscal year subsequent to the fiscal year of acquisition and that the periods fully include the results of operations of the five acquired clubs, the amounts presented do not reflect any pro forma adjustments.
13. Subsequent Events
On April 30, 2024, the Company entered into a term loan with a bank lender for $20.0 million for additional working capital. The loan has a 10-year term and an interest rate of 8.25% per annum for the first five years, after which the interest rate is to be adjusted to a rate equal to the then weekly average yield on U.S. Treasury Securities plus 362 basis points, with a 6.5% floor. The promissory note is payable in equal monthly installments of $170,408 for principal and interest, based on a 20-year amortization period, during the first five years, after which the monthly payments shall adjust based on the new interest rate to continue until April 30, 2034, at which time the remaining principal amount and accrued interest shall be paid. The Company paid $356,000 in debt issuance costs at the time of closing. There are certain financial covenants with which the Company is to be in compliance with related to this loan, including a minimum tangible net worth requirement of $25.0 million.
Subsequent to the balance sheet date through May 6, 2024, we repurchased 7,303 shares of our common stock at an average price of $51.29.
22

Table of Contents
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in this quarterly report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023.
Overview
RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. is a holding company that, through its subsidiaries, engages in businesses that offer live adult entertainment and/or high-quality dining experiences to its guests. All services and management operations are conducted by subsidiaries of RCIHH, including RCI Management Services, Inc.
Through our subsidiaries, as of March 31, 2024, we operated a total of 69 establishments that offer live adult entertainment, including one food hall. We also operated a leading business communications company serving the multi-billion-dollar adult nightclubs industry. We have two principal reportable segments: Nightclubs and Bombshells. We combine operating segments not included in Nightclubs and Bombshells into “Other.” In the context of club and restaurant/sports bar operations, the terms the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” and similar terms used in this report refer to subsidiaries of RCIHH. RCIHH was incorporated in the State of Texas in 1994. Our corporate offices are located in Houston, Texas.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On a regular basis, we evaluate these estimates. These estimates are based on management’s historical industry experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
For a description of the accounting policies that, in management’s opinion, involve the most significant application of judgment or involve complex estimation and which could, if different judgment or estimates were made, materially affect our reported financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023 filed with the SEC on December 14, 2023.
During the three and six months ended March 31, 2024, there were no significant changes in our accounting policies and estimates.
Results of Operations
Highlights of the Company's operating results are as follows, with comparisons against the same period of the prior year:
Second Quarter Ended March 31, 2024
Total revenues were $72.3 million compared to $71.5 million during the comparable prior-year quarter, a 1.1% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $59.4 million compared to $57.0 million, a 4.1% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $12.8 million compared to $14.3 million, a 10.8% decrease)
Consolidated same-store sales decreased by 8.6% (Nightclubs decreased by 5.7%, while Bombshells decreased by 20.5%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of revenues below)
Basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) of $0.08 compared to $0.83 (non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $0.90 compared to $1.30) during the comparable prior-year quarter
Net cash provided by operating activities of $10.8 million compared to $16.8 million during the comparable prior-year quarter, a 35.5% decrease (free cash flow* of $8.8 million compared to $14.8 million, a 40.2% decrease)

23

Table of Contents
Year-to Date Period Ended March 31, 2024
Total revenues were $146.2 million compared to $141.5 million during the comparable prior-year six-month period, a 3.3% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $120.4 million compared to $113.4 million, a 6.2% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $25.5 million compared to $27.7 million, an 8.1% decrease)
Consolidated same-store sales decreased by 9.2% (Nightclubs decreased by 6.5%, while Bombshells decreased by 20.4%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of revenues below)
Basic and diluted EPS of $0.85 compared to $1.94 (non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $1.76 compared to $2.50) during the comparable prior-year six-month period
Net cash provided by operating activities of $24.5 million compared to $31.7 million during the comparable prior-year six-month period, a 22.8% decrease (free cash flow* of $21.5 million compared to $27.8 million, a 22.7% decrease)
*Reconciliation and discussion of non-GAAP financial measures are included in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section below.
Revenues
Consolidated revenues for the second quarter increased by $766,000, or 1.1%, versus the comparable prior-year quarter due primarily to a 12.1%, or $8.6 million, increase in sales from newly acquired clubs from last year and new Bombshells openings, partially offset by the $5.6 million impact of the decrease in consolidated same-stores sales and the $2.1 million impact of closed clubs.
Consolidated revenues for the six-month period increased by $4.7 million, or 3.3%, versus the comparable prior-year six-month period mainly due to a 13.8%, or $19.6 million, increase in sales from newly acquired clubs from last year and new Bombshells openings, partially offset by the $12.3 million impact of the decrease in consolidated same-store sales and the $2.4 million impact of closed clubs.
We calculate same-store sales by comparing year-over-year revenues from nightclubs and restaurants/sports bars starting in the first full quarter of operations after at least 12 full months for Nightclubs and at least 18 full months for Bombshells. We consider the first six months of operations of a Bombshells unit to be the “honeymoon period” where sales are significantly higher than normal. We exclude from a particular month’s calculation units previously included in the same-store sales base that have closed temporarily until its next full quarter of operations. We also exclude from the same-store sales base units that are being reconcepted or are closed due to renovations or remodels. Acquired units are included in the same-store sales calculation as long as they qualify based on the definition stated above. Revenues outside of our Nightclubs and Bombshells reportable segments are excluded from same-store sales calculation.
24

Table of Contents
Segment contribution to total revenues was as follows (in thousands, except percentages):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024MixThree Months Ended March 31, 2023MixInc (Dec) $Inc (Dec) %
Nightclubs
Sales of alcoholic beverages$25,946 43.7 %$22,191 38.9 %$3,755 16.9 %
Sales of food and merchandise5,346 9.0 %4,823 8.5 %523 10.8 %
Service revenues23,562 39.7 %25,686 45.0 %(2,124)(8.3)%
Other revenues4,518 7.6 %4,331 7.6 %187 4.3 %
59,372 100.0 %57,031 100.0 %2,341 4.1 %
Bombshells
Sales of alcoholic beverages6,961 54.5 %7,945 55.5 %(984)(12.4)%
Sales of food and merchandise5,722 44.8 %6,182 43.2 %(460)(7.4)%
Service revenues0.0 %— %(2)(50.0)%
Other revenues86 0.7 %184 1.3 %(98)(53.3)%
12,771 100.0 %14,315 100.0 %(1,544)(10.8)%
Other
Other revenues140 100.0 %171 100.0 %(31)(18.1)%
$72,283 $71,517 $766 1.1 %
Six Months Ended March 31, 2024MixSix Months Ended March 31, 2023MixInc (Dec) $Inc (Dec) %
Nightclubs
Sales of alcoholic beverages$52,182 43.3 %$44,289 39.1 %$7,893 17.8 %
Sales of food and merchandise10,586 8.8 %9,417 8.3 %1,169 12.4 %
Service revenues48,681 40.4 %51,219 45.2 %(2,538)(5.0)%
Other revenues8,956 7.4 %8,431 7.4 %525 6.2 %
120,405 100.0 %113,356 100.0 %7,049 6.2 %
Bombshells
Sales of alcoholic beverages14,041 55.1 %15,497 55.9 %(1,456)(9.4)%
Sales of food and merchandise11,284 44.2 %11,935 43.0 %(651)(5.5)%
Service revenues— %34 0.1 %(32)(94.1)%
Other revenues175 0.7 %280 1.0 %(105)(37.5)%
25,502 100.0 %27,746 100.0 %(2,244)(8.1)%
Other
Other revenues283 100.0 %383 100.0 %(100)(26.1)%
$146,190 $141,485 $4,705 3.3 %
Nightclubs revenues increased by 4.1% during the second quarter compared to the same quarter last year primarily due to the $7.5 million contribution of newly acquired clubs, partially offset by the $2.9 million impact of the decline in same-store sales and the $2.1 million impact of closed clubs. For Nightclubs that were open enough days to qualify for same-store sales (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the preceding paragraph), sales decreased by 5.7%. By type of revenue, alcoholic beverage sales increased by 16.9%, food, merchandise and other revenue increased by 7.8%, while service revenues decreased by 8.3%.
For the six-month period, Nightclubs revenues increased by 6.2%, mainly due to the $16.3 million contribution of newly acquired clubs, partially offset by the $6.9 million impact of the decline in same-store sales and the $2.4 million impact of closed clubs. Nightclubs same-store sales for the six-month period declined by 6.5%. By type of revenue, alcoholic beverage sales increased by 17.8%, food, merchandise and other revenue increased by 9.5%, while service revenues decreased by 5.0%.
25

Table of Contents
Bombshells second quarter revenues decreased by 10.8%, of which 20.5% was for same-store sales decline with the offsetting increase caused by two new locations and a food hall. By type of revenue, food and merchandise sales decreased by 7.4% while alcoholic beverage sales decreased by 12.4%.
For the six-month period, Bombshells revenues decreased by 8.1%, caused primarily by the 20.4% same-store sales decline offset by the increase from new locations. By type of revenue, food and merchandise sales decreased by 5.5% while alcoholic beverage sales decreased by 9.4%.
Operating Expenses
Total operating expenses, as a percent of revenues, increased to 93.6% from 81.2% from last year’s second quarter, and increased to 87.8% from 78.6% for the six-month period. Year-over-year change was a $9.5 million increase, or 16.4%, for the second quarter and a $17.2 million increase, or 15.5%, for the six-month period. Significant contributors to the changes in operating expenses are explained below.
Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold for the second quarter increased by $801,000, or 8.8%, mainly due to higher sales. As a percent of total revenues, cost of goods sold increased to 13.7% from 12.7% mainly due to the sales mix decrease in service revenue. Nightclubs cost of goods sold during the second quarter increased to 11.6% from 10.4%, while Bombshells cost of goods sold increased to 23.5% from 22.2%.
For the six-month period, cost of goods sold increased by $2.2 million, or 11.9%, mainly due to higher sales. As a percent of total revenues, cost of goods sold increased to 13.9% from 12.8% mainly due to a shift in sales mix. Nightclubs cost of goods sold during the six-month period increased to 11.8% from 10.4%, while Bombshells cost of goods sold increased to 23.6% from 22.6%.
Salaries and wages. Salaries and wages increased by $1.5 million, or 8.0%, for the second quarter. As a percent of total revenues, salaries and wages increased to 29.0% from 27.2%. Nightclubs increased to 22.5% from 21.4%, Bombshells increased to 29.0% from 26.0%, while corporate increased to 5.2% from 4.7%.
For the six-month period, salaries and wages increased by $4.2 million, or 11.0%. As a percent of total revenues, salaries and wages increased to 28.9% from 26.9%. Nightclubs increased to 22.3% from 21.1%, Bombshells increased to 30.1% from 26.3%, while corporate increased to 5.1% from 4.7%.
The dollar increases were primarily caused by an increase in personnel from newly acquired clubs and new Bombshells openings, work shifts to accommodate the increase in sales, and the impact of minimum wage increases in certain states and cities. The increases in percent of revenue amounts were due to wage inflation.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $2.6 million, or 11.9%, for the second quarter and increased by $5.1 million, or 11.4%, for the six-month period. Dollar amounts in the tables below are in thousands, except percentages.
26

Table of Contents
For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024
For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023
Better (Worse)
Amount% of RevenuesAmount% of RevenuesAmount%
Taxes and permits$3,967 5.5 %$2,739 3.8 %$(1,228)(44.8)%
Advertising and marketing2,993 4.1 %2,731 3.8 %(262)(9.6)%
Supplies and services2,736 3.8 %2,657 3.7 %(79)(3.0)%
Insurance3,265 4.5 %2,238 3.1 %(1,027)(45.9)%
Legal1,116 1.5 %1,296 1.8 %180 13.9 %
Lease1,785 2.5 %1,765 2.5 %(20)(1.1)%
Charge card fees1,682 2.3 %1,683 2.4 %0.1 %
Utilities1,462 2.0 %1,353 1.9 %(109)(8.1)%
Security1,287 1.8 %1,308 1.8 %21 1.6 %
Stock-based compensation471 0.7 %706 1.0 %235 33.3 %
Accounting and professional fees1,136 1.6 %657 0.9 %(479)(72.9)%
Repairs and maintenance1,114 1.5 %1,207 1.7 %93 7.7 %
Other1,639 2.3 %1,686 2.4 %47 2.8 %
Total selling, general and administrative expenses$24,653 34.1 %$22,026 30.8 %$(2,627)(11.9)%
For the Six Months Ended
March 31, 2024
For the Six Months Ended
March 31, 2023
Better (Worse)
Amount% of RevenuesAmount% of RevenuesAmount%
Taxes and permits$8,009 5.5 %$5,423 3.8 %$(2,586)(47.7)%
Advertising and marketing6,467 4.4 %5,401 3.8 %(1,066)(19.7)%
Supplies and services5,431 3.7 %5,081 3.6 %(350)(6.9)%
Insurance6,580 4.5 %4,820 3.4 %(1,760)(36.5)%
Legal1,849 1.3 %2,281 1.6 %432 18.9 %
Lease3,609 2.5 %3,527 2.5 %(82)(2.3)%
Charge card fees3,414 2.3 %3,580 2.5 %166 4.6 %
Utilities2,947 2.0 %2,624 1.9 %(323)(12.3)%
Security2,698 1.8 %2,472 1.7 %(226)(9.1)%
Stock-based compensation941 0.6 %1,647 1.2 %706 42.9 %
Accounting and professional fees2,322 1.6 %2,175 1.5 %(147)(6.8)%
Repairs and maintenance2,213 1.5 %2,371 1.7 %158 6.7 %
Other3,374 2.3 %3,356 2.4 %(18)(0.5)%
Total selling, general and administrative expenses$49,854 34.1 %$44,758 31.6 %$(5,096)(11.4)%
Taxes and permits mainly increased due to the increase in the Texas patron tax. Advertising and marketing increased mainly due to higher commissions and promotional expenses. Insurance expense increased due to additional clubs and restaurants, with additional impact from insurance premium refunds received in the second quarter of fiscal 2023.
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization increased by $124,000, or 3.3%, during the second quarter and increased by $670,000, or 9.5%, during the six-month period, primarily due to the higher depreciable base.
Other charges, net. Other charges, net for the second quarter and the six-month period changed mainly due to this year's impairment charges and last year's lawsuit settlements.
27

Table of Contents
Income (Loss) from Operations
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, our consolidated operating margin was 6.4% and 18.8%, respectively, while for the six months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, our consolidated operating margin was 12.2% and 21.4%, respectively. Segment contribution to income (loss) from operations is presented in the table below (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2024202320242023
Nightclubs$11,021 $17,995 $31,390 $40,735 
Bombshells699 1,775 785 3,622 
Other(277)(168)(473)(353)
Corporate(6,786)(6,175)(13,880)(13,679)
$4,657 $13,427 $17,822 $30,325 
Excluding certain items, the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 non-GAAP operating income (loss) and non-GAAP operating margin are computed in the tables below (dollars in thousands). Refer to the discussion of Non-GAAP Financial Measures on page 31.
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
NightclubsBombshellsOtherCorporateTotal
Income (loss) from operations$11,021 $699 $(277)$(6,786)$4,657 
Amortization of intangibles 589 47 — 640 
Impairment of assets8,033 — — — 8,033 
Settlement of lawsuits167 — — — 167 
Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets— (16)(5)
Stock-based compensation— — — 471 471 
Non-GAAP operating income (loss)$19,817 $750 $(277)$(6,327)$13,963 
GAAP operating margin18.6 %5.5 %(197.9)%(9.4)%6.4 %
Non-GAAP operating margin33.4 %5.9 %(197.9)