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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-13992
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Texas76-0458229
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
10737 Cutten Road
Houston, Texas 77066
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(281) 397-6730
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par valueRICKThe Nasdaq Global Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer x Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
As of August 5, 2022, 9,243,948 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.


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NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements, which are other than statements of historical facts. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including, without limitation, the following sections: Part I, Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Important factors that in our view could cause material adverse effects on our financial condition and results of operations include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties associated with (i) operating and managing an adult business, (ii) the business climates in cities where it operates, (iii) the success or lack thereof in launching and building the company’s businesses, (iv) cyber security, (v) conditions relevant to real estate transactions, (vi) the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and (vii) numerous other factors such as laws governing the operation of adult entertainment businesses, competition and dependence on key personnel. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to any forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
As used herein, the “Company,” “we,” “our,” and similar terms include RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
3

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PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except par value and number of shares)
June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
(unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$37,500 $35,686 
Accounts receivable, net3,955 7,570 
Current portion of notes receivable226 220 
Inventories3,749 2,659 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets4,475 1,928 
Assets held for sale6,989 4,887 
Total current assets56,894 52,950 
Property and equipment, net208,710 175,952 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net37,753 24,308 
Notes receivable, net of current portion4,750 2,839 
Goodwill61,399 39,379 
Intangibles, net130,585 67,824 
Other assets2,088 1,367 
Total assets$502,179 $364,619 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$5,767 $4,408 
Accrued liabilities12,888 10,403 
Current portion of debt obligations, net12,295 6,434 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities2,730 1,780 
Total current liabilities33,680 23,025 
Deferred tax liability, net24,074 19,137 
Debt, net of current portion and debt discount and issuance costs175,670 118,734 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion36,719 24,150 
Other long-term liabilities351 350 
Total liabilities270,494 185,396 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Equity
Preferred stock, $0.10 par value per share; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
— — 
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 9,286,198 and 8,999,910 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively
93 90 
Additional paid-in capital68,342 50,040 
Retained earnings163,800 129,693 
Total RCIHH stockholders’ equity232,235 179,823 
Noncontrolling interests(550)(600)
Total equity231,685 179,223 
Total liabilities and equity$502,179 $364,619 
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See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share and number of share data)
(unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30,
2022202120222021
Revenues
Sales of alcoholic beverages$29,738 $25,092 $83,504 $62,725 
Sales of food and merchandise11,574 12,058 33,628 30,205 
Service revenues25,444 16,880 67,821 38,442 
Other3,958 3,830 11,289 8,945 
Total revenues70,714 57,860 196,242 140,317 
Operating expenses
Cost of goods sold
Alcoholic beverages sold5,177 4,621 14,907 11,613 
Food and merchandise sold3,959 4,043 11,756 9,961 
Service and other46 208 170 304 
Total cost of goods sold (exclusive of items shown separately below)9,182 8,872 26,833 21,878 
Salaries and wages17,387 13,870 50,422 36,556 
Selling, general and administrative19,572 14,697 56,495 39,467 
Depreciation and amortization2,565 2,057 7,636 6,197 
Other charges (gains), net1,501 (143)1,357 1,288 
Total operating expenses50,207 39,353 142,743 105,386 
Income from operations20,507 18,507 53,499 34,931 
Other income (expenses)
Interest expense(3,028)(2,281)(8,496)(7,079)
Interest income103 72 321 194 
Non-operating gains, net127 211 5,356 
Income before income taxes17,709 16,307 45,535 33,402 
Income tax expense3,767 3,986 10,056 5,540 
Net income13,942 12,321 35,479 27,862 
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests(40)(19)(50)174 
Net income attributable to RCIHH common shareholders$13,902 $12,302 $35,429 $28,036 
Earnings per share
Basic and diluted$1.48 $1.37 $3.76 $3.11 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
Basic and diluted9,389,675 8,999,910 9,428,461 9,006,373 
Dividends per share$0.05 $0.04 $0.14 $0.12 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
Common Stock Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury Stock Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Equity
Number
of Shares
Amount Number
of Shares
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2021
8,999,910 $90 $50,040 $129,693 — $— $(600)$179,223 
Issuance of common shares500,000 30,357 — — — — 30,362 
Payment of dividends— — — (380)— — — (380)
Net income (loss)— — — 10,575 — — (11)10,564 
Balance at December 31, 20219,499,910 95 80,397 139,888 — — (611)219,769 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (45,643)(2,845)— (2,845)
Canceled treasury shares(45,643)(1)(2,844)— 45,643 2,845 — — 
Payment of dividends— — — (474)— — — (474)
Net income— — — 10,952 — — 21 10,973 
Balance at March 31, 20229,454,267 94 77,553 150,366 — — (590)227,423 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (168,069)(9,212)— (9,212)
Canceled treasury shares(168,069)(1)(9,211)— 168,069 9,212 — — 
Payment of dividends— — — (468)— — — (468)
Net income— — — 13,902 — — 40 13,942 
Balance at June 30, 2022
9,286,198 $93 $68,342 $163,800 — $— $(550)$231,685 
Balance at September 30, 2020
9,074,569 $91 $51,833 $100,797 — $— $(414)$152,307 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (74,659)(1,794)— (1,794)
Canceled treasury shares(74,659)(1)(1,793)— 74,659 1,794 — — 
Payment of dividends— — — (360)— — — (360)
Net income (loss)— — — 9,643 — — (134)9,509 
Balance at December 31, 20208,999,910 90 50,040 110,080 — — (548)159,662 
Payment of dividends— — — (360)— — — (360)
Net income (loss)— — — 6,091 — — (59)6,032 
Balance at March 31, 20218,999,910 90 50,040 115,811 — — (607)165,334 
Payment of dividends— — — (360)— — — (360)
Net income— — — 12,302 — — 19 12,321 
Balance at June 30, 2021
8,999,910 $90 $50,040 $127,753 — $— $(588)$177,295 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
For the Nine Months Ended June 30,
20222021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$35,479 $27,862 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,636 6,197 
Deferred income tax benefit(409)(430)
Gain on sale of businesses and assets(1,282)(626)
Impairment of assets1,722 1,672 
Unrealized loss on equity securities58 
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs199 160 
Gain on debt extinguishment(83)(5,298)
Noncash lease expense1,725 1,282 
Gain on insurance(408)(294)
Doubtful accounts expense (reversal) on notes receivable753 (22)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable3,411 4,309 
Inventories(492)(107)
Prepaid expenses, other current and other assets(3,271)2,346 
Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities1,773 (4,892)
Net cash provided by operating activities46,754 32,217 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from sale of businesses and assets4,611 3,213 
Proceeds from insurance515 294 
Proceeds from notes receivable127 95 
Payments for property and equipment and intangible assets(17,173)(10,788)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired(44,302)— 
Net cash used in investing activities(56,222)(7,186)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from debt obligations, including related party proceeds of $650 and $0, respectively
35,820 2,176 
Payments on debt obligations(10,714)(10,845)
Purchase of treasury stock(12,057)(1,794)
Payment of dividends(1,322)(1,080)
Payment of loan origination costs(445)(25)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities11,282 (11,568)
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS1,814 13,463 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD35,686 15,605 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$37,500 $29,068 
CASH PAID DURING PERIOD FOR:
Interest$7,915 $7,761 
Income taxes$8,990 $4,047 
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Noncash investing and financing transactions:
Debt incurred in connection with acquisition of businesses$33,200 $— 
Debt incurred in connection with purchase of property and equipment$4,820 $— 
Note receivable from sale of property$2,700 $— 
Issuance of shares of common stock for acquisition of businesses:
Number of shares500,000 — 
Fair value$30,362 $— 
Adjustment to operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities related to new and renewed leases$21,247 $217 
Unpaid liabilities on capital expenditures$1,325 $995 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (the “Company,” “RCIHH,” “we,” or “us”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP” or “U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q of Regulation S-X. They do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The September 30, 2021 consolidated balance sheet data were derived from audited financial statements but do not include all disclosures required by GAAP. However, except as disclosed herein, there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2021 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 14, 2021. The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with those consolidated financial statements included in the Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of the financial statements, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, have been made. Operating results for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2022.
2. Recent Accounting Standards and Pronouncements
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This ASU simplifies accounting for income taxes by removing the following exceptions: (1) exception to the incremental approach for intraperiod tax allocation, (2) exceptions to accounting for basis differences when there are ownership changes in foreign investments, and (3) exception in interim period income tax accounting for year-to-date losses that exceed anticipated losses. The ASU also improves financial statement preparers’ application of income tax related guidance for franchise taxes that are partially based on income; transactions with a government that result in a step up in the tax basis of goodwill; separate financial statements of legal entities that are not subject to tax; and enacted changes in tax laws in interim periods. The ASU is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for public business entities for periods for which financial statements have not been issued. An entity that elects early adoption in an interim period should reflect any adjustments as of the beginning of the annual period that includes that interim period. Additionally, an entity that elects early adoption should adopt all the amendments in the same period. We adopted ASU 2019-12 on October 1, 2021. Our adoption of this update did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. This ASU amends ASC 805 to require acquiring entities to apply ASC 606 to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities in business combinations. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU but we do not expect it to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
3. Ongoing Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic and Potential Economic Slowdown
Our businesses were heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic since its declaration as a national emergency in March 2020. We had a major disruption in our business operations that affected our cash flow. The pandemic resulted in a significant reduction in customer traffic in our clubs and restaurants due to changes in consumer behavior as social distancing practices, dining room closures and other restrictions were mandated or encouraged by federal, state and local governments. In 2021, our businesses started and continue to recover to date from the initial effects of the pandemic. There have been several variants to the coronavirus since then that threatened our operations throughout the period of recovery. We continue to adhere to state and local government mandates regarding the pandemic.
Since early 2021, there has been a worldwide increase in inflation. In the event this global inflation leads to a major economic downturn, our business operations and cash flow could be significantly affected.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Valuation of Goodwill, Indefinite-Lived Intangibles and Long-Lived Assets
We consider the COVID-19 pandemic as a triggering event in the assessment of recoverability of the goodwill, indefinite-lived intangibles, and long-lived assets in our clubs and restaurants that are affected. We evaluated forecasted cash flows considering a probable economic slowdown on sales and, to a lesser extent, the future assumed impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the evaluation we conducted during the interim period ended June 30, 2022, we determined that our assets are impaired in a total amount of $1.7 million comprised of $400,000 in goodwill (for one club), $1.0 million in property and equipment ($379,000 for one club and $650,000 for one Bombshells), and $293,000 in SOB license (for one club). See Note 6.
4. Acquisitions and Dispositions
On October 6, 2021, the Company sold a property classified as held-for-sale with a carrying value of $3.0 million for $3.2 million, of which $2.7 million was in the form of a secured promissory note. This 7% note receivable has a term of eight years and is collectible in equal monthly installments of $21,544 in principal and interest with the remaining balance to be paid at maturity.
On October 8, 2021, the Company sold one of its clubs in South Houston for $300,000.
On October 18, 2021, we and certain of our subsidiaries completed our acquisition of eleven gentlemen’s clubs, six related real estate properties, and associated intellectual property for a total agreed acquisition price of $88.0 million (with a total consideration preliminary fair value of $88.4 million based on the Company’s stock price at acquisition date and discounted due to the lock-up period, with interest rates on promissory notes reflective of market yields). The acquisition was structured by entering into nine asset purchase agreements, which allowed the Company to acquire from each club all of the tangible and intangible assets and personal property in that business except certain excluded assets, and two stock purchase agreements, where a newly formed subsidiary purchased 100% of the capital stock of two club-owning entities. Along with the asset and stock purchase agreements, the Company also entered into a real estate purchase and sale agreement for six real estate properties and an intellectual property purchase agreement for substantially all of the intellectual property used in the adult entertainment establishment businesses owned and operated by the sellers. The acquisition gives the Company presence in four additional states. We paid for the acquisition with $36.8 million in cash, $21.2 million in four seller-financed notes (see Note 7), and 500,000 shares of our common stock. The preliminary fair value of the consideration transferred is as follows (in thousands):
Cash$36,800 
Notes payable21,200 
Common stock30,362 
Total consideration fair value$88,362 
We recognized the assets and liabilities for this acquisition based on our estimates of their acquisition date fair values, all in our Nightclubs reportable segment. We have not finalized our valuation of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in this transaction. As of the release of this report, the fair value of the acquired tangible and identifiable intangible assets are provisional pending receipt of the final valuations for those assets. Based on the allocation of the preliminary fair value of the acquisition price, measurement period adjustments and subject to any working capital adjustments, the amount of goodwill is estimated to be $13.8 million. Goodwill represents the excess of the acquisition price fair value over the fair values of the tangibles and identifiable intangibles assets acquired and liabilities assumed, which is essentially the forward earnings potential of the acquired entities. Goodwill will not be amortized but will be tested at least annually for impairment. Approximately $9.3 million of the recognized goodwill will be deductible for tax
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
purposes. The following is our preliminary allocation of the fair value of the acquisition price (in thousands) as of October 18, 2021:
Current assets$386 
Property and equipment19,534 
Licenses50,080 
Tradenames7,460 
Deferred tax liability(2,903)
Total net assets acquired74,557 
Goodwill13,805 
Acquisition price fair value$88,362 
Licenses and tradenames will not be amortized but will be tested at least annually for impairment.
The Company entered into leases with third parties for certain clubs where the real estate was not part of the acquisition. See Note 13.
In connection with this acquisition, we incurred acquisition-related expenses of approximately $403,000 ($162,000 recognized in fiscal 2021 and $241,000 recognized in fiscal 2022), of which $30,000 and $42,000 were expensed during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021 and $7,000 and $241,000 were expensed during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, and in those periods included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
From the date of acquisition until June 30, 2022, the eleven acquired clubs contributed revenues of $10.3 million and $24.7 million and income from operations of $3.6 million and $7.3 million during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, which are included in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. The following table presents the unaudited pro forma combined results of operations of the Company and the eleven acquired clubs and related assets as though the acquisition occurred at the beginning of fiscal 2021 (in thousands, except per share amounts and number of shares):
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
For the Nine Months Ended June 30,
2022202120222021
Pro forma revenues$70,714 $64,407 $197,968 $155,184 
Pro forma net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders$13,931 $13,745 $34,876 $29,252 
Pro forma earnings per share – basic and diluted$1.48 $1.45 $3.70 $3.08 
Pro forma weighted average number of common shares outstanding9,389,675 9,499,910 9,428,461 9,506,373 
The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the acquisition had taken place at the beginning of fiscal 2021. The unaudited pro forma financial information reflects material, nonrecurring adjustments directly attributable to the acquisition including acquisition-related expenses, interest expense, and any related tax effects. Since we do not have a final valuation of the assets that we acquired yet, the unaudited pro forma financial information only includes preliminary adjustments related to changes in recognized expenses caused by the fair value of assets acquired, such as depreciation and amortization and related tax effects. Pro forma net income and pro forma earnings per share include the impact of acquisition-related expenses and interest expense related to the 28 private lender group notes and 4 seller-financed notes in the acquisition as if they were incurred as of the first day of fiscal 2021. Pro forma weighted average number of common shares outstanding includes the impact of 500,000 shares of our common stock issued as partial consideration for the acquisition.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
On November 8, 2021, the Company acquired a club and related real estate in Newburgh, New York for a total preliminary purchase price of $3.5 million, by which $2.5 million was paid in cash at closing and $1.0 million through a seller-financed 7-year promissory note with an interest rate of 4.0% per annum. The $3.5 million acquisition price is preliminarily allocated $2.0 million to real estate, $200,000 to tangible assets, and $1.3 million to goodwill, which is deductible for tax purposes. The note is payable $13,669 per month, including principal and interest. See Note 7. The Company incurred approximately $21,000 of acquisition-related costs for this acquisition, of which $11,000 was incurred in fiscal 2021 and $10,000 was incurred in the first quarter of fiscal 2022, both of which were included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. From the date of acquisition until June 30, 2022, the acquired club contributed revenues of $433,000 and $1,146,000 and loss from operations of $5,000 and $29,000 during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, which are included in our unaudited condensed consolidated statement of income. The Company is not providing supplemental pro forma disclosures to this acquisition as it does not materially contribute to the consolidated operations of the Company.
On December 30, 2021, the Company acquired the real estate of one of its clubs in South Florida, which the Company previously leased, for $7.0 million in an all-cash purchase. At closing, the Company wrote off the balance of its operating lease right-of-use asset and corresponding operating lease liability related to the discontinued lease.
On March 1, 2022, the Company acquired real estate in Stafford, Texas for $3.5 million for a future Bombshells location. The Company secured a $2.6 million loan in relation to the purchase (see Note 7).
On March 1, 2022, the Company acquired real estate in Lubbock, Texas for $400,000 to move one of our existing clubs due to eminent domain on the current location.
On March 23, 2022, the Company sold a property classified as held-for-sale with a carrying value of $1.9 million for $2.1 million in cash. The Company used $816,000 of the proceeds to pay off a loan related to the property.
On May 2, 2022, the Company completed an acquisition of a club in Miami, Florida for a total acquisition price of $16.0 million. The acquisition price includes $3.0 million for the real estate property covered in a stock purchase agreement payable in cash at closing, and $13.0 million for the adult entertainment business covered in a separate stock purchase agreement payable as follows: (1) $2.0 million in cash at closing; (2) $6.0 million under a 10% three-year promissory note payable in 35 equal monthly payments of $79,290 in principal and interest based on a ten-year amortization schedule, with a balloon payment for the remaining principal plus accrued interest due at maturity; and (3) $5.0 million under a 10% ten-year interest-only promissory note payable in 119 equal monthly payments of $41,667 in interest, with a balloon payment of the total $5.0 million in principal plus accrued interest due at maturity. The Company acquired 100% of the capital stock of the acquired companies in each of the stock purchase agreements mentioned above. The $5.0 million promissory note may be earlier canceled if there are any regulatory changes that would prohibit the business from operating as an adult entertainment establishment within ten years of the closing date of the stock purchase agreement. Based on recent renewals of licenses of similar businesses in the region where the club operates, the Company believes that the probability of any changes to the regulatory environment is low as of the reporting date and would not materially impact the fair value of the debt.
The preliminary fair value of the consideration transferred is as follows (in thousands) as of May 2, 2022:
Cash$5,000 
Notes payable11,000 
Total consideration fair value$16,000 
We recognized the assets and liabilities for this acquisition based on our estimates of their acquisition date fair values, all in our Nightclubs reportable segment. We have not finalized our valuation of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in this transaction, including the fair value of the contingent debt consideration. As of the release of this report, the fair value of the acquired tangible and identifiable intangible assets and the fair value of the contingent debt consideration are provisional pending receipt of the final valuations for those items. Based on the allocation of the preliminary fair value of the acquisition price, measurement period adjustments and subject to any working capital adjustments, the amount of goodwill is estimated to be $7.3 million. Goodwill represents the excess of the acquisition price fair value over the fair values of the tangibles and identifiable intangibles assets acquired and liabilities assumed, which is essentially the forward earnings potential of the acquired entities. Goodwill will not be amortized but will be tested at least
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
annually for impairment. The recognized goodwill will not be deductible for tax purposes. The following is our preliminary allocation of the fair value of the acquisition price (in thousands) as of May 2, 2022:
Current assets$172 
Property and equipment5,336 
Licenses4,510 
Tradenames1,110 
Deferred tax liability(2,443)
Total net assets acquired8,685 
Goodwill7,315 
Acquisition price fair value$16,000 
Licenses and tradenames will not be amortized but will be tested at least annually for impairment.
In connection with this acquisition, we incurred acquisition-related expenses of approximately $8,000 and $8,000 expensed during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
From the date of acquisition until June 30, 2022, the acquired club contributed revenues of $1.1 million and $1.1 million and income from operations of $497,000 and $497,000 during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, which are included in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.

The seller has not maintained historical U.S. GAAP financial data and it is impracticable to prepare them, therefore we could not provide supplemental pro forma information of the combined entities.
On May 17, 2022, the Company sold a property classified as held-for sale with a carrying value of $1.1 million for $1.7 million in cash. The Company used $1.6 million of the proceeds to pay off a loan related to the property.
On May 23, 2022, the Company acquired real estate in Rowlett, Texas for $3.3 million for a future Bombshells location. The Company secured a $2.2 million loan in relation to the purchase (see Note 7).
On July 12, 2022, the Company received $6.0 million from the Philadelphia Regional Port Authority for one of the Company's rental properties, with a carrying value of $4.9 million, due to eminent domain. The Company paid the current lessee a lease termination fee of $250,000, which will be included in other charges (gains), net in our consolidated statement of income for the year ending September 30, 2022. The Company used $2.1 million of the proceeds to pay down a loan related to the property.
On July 21, 2022, the Company acquired a club in Odessa, Texas for a total of $1.8 million, of which $1.0 million was for the real estate and $800,000 for the adult entertainment business. The Company paid $1.0 million at closing for the real estate and executed an $800,000 6% seller-financed promissory note for the business. The promissory note matures in seven years and is payable in 84 equal monthly installments of $11,687 of principal and interest. See Note 7. Due to the proximity of the closing date to the filing date of this report, we have not completed our valuation analysis and related calculations in sufficient detail necessary to arrive at the fair values of the net assets acquired and the debt consideration, along with the determination of any goodwill or gain on the transaction. The Company is not providing supplemental pro forma disclosures to this acquisition as it does not materially contribute to the consolidated operations of the Company.

On July 27, 2022, the Company completed an acquisition of a club in Hallandale Beach, Florida for a total acquisition price of $25.0 million. The acquisition price includes (1) $20.0 million for the adult entertainment business covered in a stock purchase agreement payable $10.0 million in cash at closing and $10.0 million under a 6% ten-year promissory note payable in 120 equal monthly payments of $111,020 in principal and interest, and (2) $5.0 million for the real estate property covered in an asset purchase agreement payable under a 6% ten-year promissory note payable in 120 equal monthly payments of $55,510 in principal and interest. In the stock purchase agreement, the Company acquired 100% of the capital stock of the company which owned the adult entertainment business.

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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Due to the proximity of the closing date to the filing date of this report, we have not completed our valuation analysis and related calculations in sufficient detail necessary to arrive at the fair values of the net assets acquired and the debt consideration, along with the determination of any goodwill or gain on the transaction.

The seller has not maintained historical U.S. GAAP financial data and it is impracticable to prepare them, therefore we could not provide supplemental pro forma information of the combined entities.
5. Revenues
The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of alcoholic beverages, food and merchandise, service and other revenues at the point-of-sale upon receipt of cash, check, or credit card charge, net of discounts and promotional allowances based on consideration specified in implied contracts with customers. Sales and liquor taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are presented on a net basis in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies a performance obligation (point in time of sale) by transferring control over a product or service to a customer.
Commission revenues, such as ATM commission, are recognized when the basis for such commission has transpired. Revenues from the sale of magazines and advertising content are recognized when the issue is published and shipped. Revenues and external expenses related to the Company’s annual Expo convention are recognized upon the completion of the convention, which normally occurs during our fiscal fourth quarter. Lease revenue (included in other revenues) is recognized when earned (recognized over time) and is more appropriately covered by guidance under ASC 842, Leases. See Note 13.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Revenues, as disaggregated by revenue type, timing of recognition, and reportable segment (see also Note 11), are shown below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
NightclubsBombshellsOtherTotalNightclubsBombshellsOtherTotal
Sales of alcoholic beverages$21,061 $8,677 $— $29,738 $16,130 $8,962 $— $25,092 
Sales of food and merchandise4,639 6,935 — 11,574 5,062 6,996 — 12,058 
Service revenues25,287 157 — 25,444 16,772 108 — 16,880 
Other revenues3,697 20 241 3,958 3,067 11 752 3,830 
$54,684 $15,789 $241 $70,714 $41,031 $16,077 $752 $57,860 
Recognized at a point in time$54,320 $15,777 $241 $70,338 $40,599 $16,075 $751 $57,425 
Recognized over time364 *12 — 376 432 *435 
$54,684 $15,789 $241 $70,714 $41,031 $16,077 $752 $57,860 
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2022Nine Months Ended June 30, 2021
NightclubsBombshellsOtherTotalNightclubsBombshellsOtherTotal
Sales of alcoholic beverages$57,901 $25,603 $— $83,504 $38,398 $24,327 $— $62,725 
Sales of food and merchandise13,726 19,902 — 33,628 12,567 17,638 — 30,205 
Service revenues67,472 349 — 67,821 38,216 226 — 38,442 
Other revenues10,540 39 710 11,289 7,834 27 1,084 8,945 
$149,639 $45,893 $710 $196,242 $97,015 $42,218 $1,084 $140,317 
Recognized at a point in time$148,386 $45,879 $709 $194,974 $95,816 $42,215 $1,080 $139,111 
Recognized over time1,253 *14 1,268 1,199 *1,206 
$149,639 $45,893 $710 $196,242 $97,015 $42,218 $1,084 $140,317 
* Lease revenue (included in Other Revenues) as covered by ASC 842. All other revenues are covered by ASC 606.
The Company does not have contract assets with customers. The Company’s unconditional right to consideration for goods and services transferred to the customer is included in accounts receivable, net in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet. A reconciliation of contract liabilities with customers is presented below (in thousands):
Balance at
September 30, 2021
Consideration
Received
Recognized in
Revenue
Balance at
June 30, 2022
Ad revenue$84 $530 $(480)$134 
Expo revenue151 306 — 457 
Other (including franchise fees)119 16 (5)130 
$354 $852 $(485)$721 
Contract liabilities with customers are included in accrued liabilities as unearned revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets (see also Note 6), while the revenues associated with these contract liabilities are included in other revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
On May 2, 2022, the Company signed a franchise development agreement with a private investor to open three Bombshells locations in the state of Alabama over a period of five years. Upon execution of the agreement, the Company received $50,000 in development fees representing 100% of the initial franchise fee of the first restaurant.
6. Selected Account Information
The components of accounts receivable, net are as follows (in thousands):
June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Credit card receivables$1,800 $1,447 
Income tax refundable741 4,472 
Insurance receivable78 185 
ATM in-transit433 277 
Other (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $19 and $382, respectively)
903 1,189 
Total accounts receivable, net$3,955 $7,570 
Notes receivable consist primarily of secured promissory notes executed between the Company and various buyers of our businesses and assets with interest rates ranging from 6% to 9% per annum and having terms ranging from 1 to 20 years, net of allowance for doubtful notes amounting to $0 and $102,000 as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively.
The components of prepaid expenses and other current assets are as follows (in thousands):
June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Prepaid insurance$2,562 $277 
Prepaid legal77 112 
Prepaid taxes and licenses581 380 
Prepaid rent387 309 
Other868 850 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets$4,475 $1,928 
A reconciliation of goodwill as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021 is as follows (in thousands):
GrossAccumulated ImpairmentNet
Balance at September 30, 2021
$59,967 $20,588 $39,379 
Acquisitions (see Note 4)22,420 — 22,420 
Impairment (see Note 3)— 400 (400)
Balance at June 30, 2022
$82,387 $20,988 $61,399 
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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The components of intangible assets, net are as follows (in thousands):
June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Indefinite-lived:
Licenses$119,483 $65,186 
Trademarks10,785 2,215 
Domain names23 23 
Definite-lived:
Noncompete agreements70 182 
Discounted leases80 86 
Software144 132 
Total intangible assets, net$130,585 $67,824 
The components of accrued liabilities are as follows (in thousands):
June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Insurance$2,193 $54 
Sales and liquor taxes2,024 2,261 
Payroll and related costs3,553 3,220 
Property taxes1,710 2,178 
Interest472 145 
Patron tax429 452 
Unearned revenues721 354 
Lawsuit settlement181 378 
Other1,605 1,361 
Total accrued liabilities$12,888 $10,403 
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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The components of selling, general and administrative expenses are as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30,
2022202120222021
Taxes and permits$2,418 $2,345 $7,015 $6,457 
Advertising and marketing2,460 1,929 7,091 4,502 
Supplies and services2,068 1,701 6,223 4,417 
Insurance2,481 1,474 7,357 4,358 
Legal328 1,255 2,286 2,928 
Lease1,736 992 4,948 2,941 
Charge card fees1,829 988 4,626 2,247 
Utilities1,151 873 3,194 2,444 
Security1,081 1,073 3,218 2,763 
Accounting and professional fees818 336 2,786 1,348 
Repairs and maintenance960 787 2,588 2,037 
Other2,242 944 5,163 3,025 
Total selling, general and administrative expenses$19,572 $14,697 $56,495 $39,467 
The components of other charges (gains), net are as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30,
2022202120222021
Impairment of assets$1,722 $271 $1,722 $1,672 
Settlement of lawsuits132 127 709 280 
Gain on disposal of businesses and assets(266)(541)(666)(455)
Gain on insurance(87)— (408)(209)
Other charges (gains), net$1,501 $(143)$1,357 $1,288 
The components of non-operating gains (losses), net are as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30,
2022202120222021
Gain on debt extinguishment$53 $— $138 $5,329 
Unrealized gain (loss) on equity securities— (1)(58)
Other74 — 74 85 
Non-operating gains, net$127 $$211 $5,356 
7. Debt
On October 12, 2021, we closed a debt financing transaction with 28 investors for unsecured promissory notes with a total principal amount of $17.0 million, all of which bear interest at a rate of 12% per annum. Of this amount, $9.5 million are promissory notes, payable interest only monthly (or quarterly) in arrears, with a final lump sum payment of principal and accrued and unpaid interest due on October 1, 2024. The remaining amount of the financing is $7.5 million in promissory notes, payable in monthly payments of principal and interest based on a 10-year amortization period, with the balance of the entire principal amount together with all accrued and unpaid interest due and payable in full on October 12, 2024. Included in the $17.0 million borrowing are two notes for $500,000 and $150,000 borrowed from related parties (see Note
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(Unaudited)
12) and two notes for $500,000 and $300,000 borrowed from two non-officer employees in which the terms of the notes are the same as the rest of the lender group. The proceeds from this financing transaction was used as part of the cash payment on the October 18, 2021 acquisition (see Note 4) at closing.
On October 18, 2021, in relation to an acquisition (see Note 4), the Company executed four seller-financed promissory notes. The first promissory note was a 10-year $11.0 million 6% secured note payable in 120 equal monthly payments of $122,123 in principal and interest. The second promissory note was a 20-year $8.0 million 6% secured note payable in 240 equal monthly payments of $57,314 in principal and interest. The third promissory note was a 10-year $1.2 million 5.25% note payable in monthly payments of $8,086 in principal and interest based on a 20-year amortization period, with the balance payable at maturity date. The fourth note was a 20-year $1.0 million 6% note payable in 240 equal monthly payments of $7,215 in principal and interest.
On November 8, 2021, in relation to an acquisition (see Note 4), the Company executed a $1.0 million 7-year promissory note with an interest rate of 4.0% per annum. The note is payable $13,669 per month, including principal and interest.
On January 25, 2022, the Company borrowed $18.7 million from a bank lender for working capital purposes by executing a 10-year promissory note with an initial interest rate of 5.25% per annum to be adjusted after five years to a rate equal to the weekly average yield on U.S. Treasury securities plus 3.98% with a floor of 5.25%. The note is payable in monthly payments of $126,265 in principal and interest to be adjusted after five years. The promissory note is secured by eleven real estate properties and is personally guaranteed by the Company CEO, Eric Langan (see Note 12). After the 10-year term, the remaining balance of principal and interest are payable at maturity date. There are certain financial covenants with which the Company is to be in compliance related to this loan, among which is to maintain a debt service coverage of not less than 1.4 times, reviewed annually.
On March 1, 2022, the Company borrowed $2.6 million from a bank lender in relation to a purchase of real estate (see Note 4). The 21-year promissory note has an initial interest rate of 4.25% per annum, repriced after five years and then again annually to prime plus 1% with a floor rate of 4.25%. The note is payable interest only during the first 12 months; then the next 48 months with $16,338 equal monthly payments of principal and interest; then the next 191 months at an equal monthly payment based on a 20-year amortization; with the balance of principal and interest payable at the 252nd month.
On May 2, 2022, in relation to a club acquisition (see Note 4), the Company executed two seller-financed notes totaling $11.0 million.
On May 23, 2022, the Company borrowed $2.2 million from a bank lender in relation to a purchase of real estate (see Note 4). The 18-month promissory note has an initial interest rate of 4.5% per annum to be adjusted daily to a rate equal to the Wall Street Journal prime rate plus 1% with a floor of 4.5%. The promissory note is payable in 17 monthly interest-only installments with the full principal and accrued interest payable at maturity. The Company paid loan costs amounting to $25,000 for this note.
Future maturities of long-term debt as of June 30, 2022 are as follows: $12.6 million, $10.4 million, $28.7 million, $8.2 million, $8.7 million and $121.3 million for the twelve months ending June 30, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, and thereafter, respectively. Of the maturity schedule mentioned above, $651,000, $2,195,000, $20.5 million, $0, $0 and $73.4 million, respectively, relate to scheduled balloon payments. Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs amounted to $1.9 million and $1.6 million as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively.
On July 21, 2022, the Company executed an $800,000 6% seller-financed promissory note in relation to an acquisition of a club in Odessa, Texas (see Note 4). The promissory note matures in seven years and is payable in 84 equal monthly installments of $11,687 of principal and interest.
On July 27, 2022, in relation to an acquisition of a club in Hallandale Beach, Florida (see Note 4), the Company executed two seller-financed promissory notes: (1) $10.0 million 6% ten-year promissory note payable in 120 equal monthly payments of $111,020 in principal and interest, and (2) $5.0 million 6% ten-year promissory note payable in 120 equal monthly payments of $55,510 in principal and interest.
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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
8. Equity
On October 18, 2021, we partially paid for an acquisition using 500,000 shares of our common stock with a fair value of $30.4 million at issuance. See Note 4.
On February 7, 2022, our board of directors approved the 2022 Stock Option Plan (the “2022 Plan”). The board’s adoption of the 2022 Plan is subject to approval of shareholders, and in the event that the 2022 Plan is not approved by the shareholders within one year of the date of adoption of the 2022 Plan by the board, or less than the required amount of votes of shareholders are received in favor of approval of the 2022 Plan at a duly held meeting of shareholders within one year of the board’s adoption of the 2022 Plan, then we will unwind and terminate the 2022 Plan, and all outstanding stock options granted under the 2022 Plan will be cancelled. The 2022 Plan provides that the maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock underlying options that may be granted under the 2022 Plan is 300,000. The options granted under the 2022 Plan may be either incentive stock options or non-qualified options. The 2022 Plan is administered by the compensation committee of the board of directors. The compensation committee has the exclusive power to select individuals to receive grants, to establish the terms of the options granted to each participant, provided that all options granted shall be granted at an exercise price not less than the fair market value of the common stock covered by the option on the grant date, and to make all determinations necessary or advisable under the 2022 Plan. On February 9, 2022, the board of directors approved a grant of 50,000 stock options each to six members of management subject to the approval of the 2022 Plan.
On May 24, 2022, the Board of Directors approved a $25.0 million increase in the Company's share repurchase program. As of June 30, 2022, we have approximately $21.9 million remaining to purchase additional shares.
Subsequent to the reporting date until August 5, 2022, the Company purchased 42,250 shares of its own common stock at a cost of $2.3 million.
9. Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $3.8 million and $10.1 million during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, compared to $4.0 million and $5.5 million during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The effective income tax expense rate was 21.3% and 22.1% for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, compared to 24.4% and 16.6% for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. Our effective income tax rate is affected by state taxes, permanent differences, and tax credits, including the FICA tip credit, for both years, and the change in the deferred tax asset valuation allowance and the impact of the forgiveness of the PPP loans in the prior period, as presented below.
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30,
2022202120222021
Federal statutory income tax expense21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %
State income taxes, net of federal benefit2.9 %4.8 %2.9 %4.9 %
Permanent differences0.4 %(0.1)%0.4 %(3.7)%
Change in valuation allowance— %— %— %(3.8)%
Tax credits(3.2)%(1.2)%(2.8)%(1.8)%
Other0.1 %— %0.5 %— %
Total income tax expense21.3 %24.4 %22.1 %16.6 %
The Company or one of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various states. Fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 and subsequent years remain open to federal tax examination. The Company ordinarily goes through various federal and state reviews and examinations for various tax matters.
On March 27, 2020, former President Trump signed the CARES Act into law. As a result of this, additional avenues of relief became available to workers and families through enhanced unemployment insurance provisions and to small businesses through programs administered by the Small Business Administration. The CARES Act included, among other
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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
items, provisions relating to payroll tax credits and deferrals, net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax credits and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. The CARES Act also established a Paycheck Protection Program, whereby certain small businesses were eligible for a loan to fund payroll expenses, rent, and related costs. The loan may be forgiven if the funds are used for payroll and other qualified expenses. The Company submitted its application for a PPP loan and on May 8, 2020 received approval and funding for its restaurants, shared service entity and lounge. Ten of our restaurant subsidiaries received amounts ranging from $271,000 to $579,000 for an aggregate amount of $4.2 million; our shared-services subsidiary received $1.1 million; and one of our lounges received $124,000. None of our adult nightclub and other non-core business subsidiaries received funding under the PPP. The Company believes it has used the entire loan amount for qualifying expenses. Under the terms of the PPP, certain amounts of the loan may be forgiven if they are used for qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act. The Company utilized all of the PPP funds and submitted its forgiveness applications. During fiscal 2021, we received 11 Notices of PPP Forgiveness Payment from the Small Business Administration out of the 12 of our PPP loans granted. All of the notices received forgave 100% of each of the 11 PPP loans totaling the amount of $5.3 million in principal and interest and were included in non-operating gains (losses), net in our consolidated statement of operations for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021. In November 2021, we received a partial forgiveness of the remaining $124,000 PPP loan for $85,000 in principal and interest. The remaining unforgiven portion of approximately $41,000 in principal has been repaid as debt plus accrued interest.
10. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
Texas Patron Tax
In 2015, the Company reached a settlement with the State of Texas over the payment of the state’s Patron Tax on adult club customers. To resolve the issue of taxes owed, the Company agreed to pay $10.0 million in equal monthly installments of $119,000, without interest, over 84 months, beginning in June 2015, for all but two non-settled locations. The Company agreed to remit the Patron Tax on a monthly basis, based on the current rate of $5 per customer. For accounting purposes, the Company discounted the $10.0 million at an imputed interest rate of 9.6%, establishing a net present value for the settlement of $7.2 million. As a consequence, the Company recorded an $8.2 million pre-tax gain for the third quarter ended June 30, 2015, representing the difference between the $7.2 million and the amount previously accrued for the tax.
In March 2017, the Company settled with the State of Texas for one of the two remaining unsettled Patron Tax locations. To resolve the issue of taxes owed, the Company agreed to pay a total of $687,815 with $195,815 paid at the time the settlement agreement was executed followed by 60 equal monthly installments of $8,200 without interest.
On April 20, 2022, the Company finally settled all of its remaining Patron Tax liability. The aggregate balance of Patron Tax settlement liability, which is included in long-term debt in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, amounted to $0 and $813,000 as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively.
A declaratory judgment action was brought by five operating subsidiaries of the Company to challenge a Texas Comptroller administrative rule related to the $5 per customer Patron Fee assessed against Sexually Oriented Businesses. An administrative rule attempted to expand the fee to cover venues featuring dancers using latex cover as well as traditional nude entertainment. The administrative rule was challenged on both constitutional and statutory grounds. On November 19, 2018, the Court issued an order that a key aspect of the administrative rule is invalid based on it exceeding the scope of the Comptroller’s authority. On March 6, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas, Austin Division, ruled that the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as it has been applied and enforced by the Comptroller. The State of Texas appealed to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, who affirmed that the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied. The State of Texas next sought review from the Supreme Court, but the high court declined to take the case. That lawsuit is now back before the trial court for post-trial proceedings but is final for purposes of determining the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied to clubs featuring dancers using latex cover.
Indemnity Insurance Corporation
As previously reported, the Company and its subsidiaries were insured under a liability policy issued by Indemnity Insurance Corporation, RRG (“IIC”) through October 25, 2013. The Company and its subsidiaries changed insurance companies on that date.
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(Unaudited)
On November 7, 2013, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Rehabilitation and Injunction Order (“Rehabilitation Order”), which declared IIC impaired, insolvent and in an unsafe condition and placed IIC under the supervision of the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Delaware (“Commissioner”) in her capacity as receiver (“Receiver”). The Rehabilitation Order empowered the Commissioner to rehabilitate IIC through a variety of means, including gathering assets and marshaling those assets as necessary. Further, the order stayed or abated pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer until May 6, 2014.
On April 10, 2014, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Liquidation and Injunction Order With Bar Date (“Liquidation Order”), which ordered the liquidation of IIC and terminated all insurance policies or contracts of insurance issued by IIC. The Liquidation Order further ordered that all claims against IIC must have been filed with the Receiver before the close of business on January 16, 2015 and that all pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer were further stayed or abated until October 7, 2014. As a result, the Company and its subsidiaries no longer had insurance coverage under the liability policy with IIC. The Company has retained counsel to defend against and evaluate these claims and lawsuits. We are funding 100% of the costs of litigation and will seek reimbursement from the bankruptcy receiver. The Company filed the appropriate claims against IIC with the Receiver before the January 16, 2015 deadline and has provided updates as requested; however, there are no assurances of any recovery from these claims. It is unknown at this time what effect this uncertainty will have on the Company. As previously stated, since October 25, 2013, the Company has obtained general liability coverage from other insurers, which have covered and/or will cover any claims arising from actions after that date. As of June 30, 2022, we have 1 remaining unresolved claim out of the original 71 claims.
Shareholder Class and Derivative Actions
In May and June 2019, three putative securities class action complaints were filed against RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. and certain of its officers in the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division. The complaints alleged violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 10b-5 promulgated thereunder based on alleged materially false and misleading statements made in the Company’s SEC filings and disclosures as they relate to various alleged transactions by the Company and management. The complaints sought unspecified damages, costs, and attorneys’ fees. These lawsuits were Hoffman v. RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., et al. (filed May 21, 2019, naming the Company and Eric Langan); Gu v. RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., et al. (filed May 28, 2019, naming the Company, Eric Langan, and Phil Marshall (who is no longer an officer of the Company)); and Grossman v. RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., et al. (filed June 28, 2019, naming the Company, Eric Langan, and Phil Marshall). The plaintiffs in all three cases moved to consolidate the purported class actions. On January 10, 2020 an order consolidating the Hoffman, Grossman, and Gu cases was entered by the Court. The consolidated case is styled In re RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc., No. 4:19-cv-01841. On February 24, 2020, the plaintiffs in the consolidated case filed an Amended Class Action Complaint, continuing to allege violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. In addition to naming the Company, Eric Langan, and Phil Marshall, the amended complaint also added former directors Nourdean Anakar and Steven Jenkins as defendants. On April 24, 2020, the Company and the individual defendants moved to dismiss the amended complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. On March 31, 2021, the court denied defendants’ motion to dismiss the lawsuit. On April 14, 2021, defendants filed their answer and affirmative defenses, denying liability as to all claims. On June 14, 2021, a scheduling order was entered in the case, setting January 9, 2023 as the trial date. On December 22, 2021, an amended scheduling order was entered, extending the trial date to April 7, 2023 and extending all other case deadlines. The Company vigorously defended against this action. In January 2022, the parties engaged in settlement discussions beginning with a formal mediation on January 13, 2022, which resulted in an agreement-in-principle to resolve the matter. On January 24, 2022, a Joint Notice of Settlement was filed. On April 15, 2022, counsel for Plaintiffs filed an Unopposed Motion for (I) Preliminary Approval of Class Action Settlement; (II) Certification of the Settlement Class; and (III) Approval of the Notice of Settlement. On April 28, 2022, the Court entered an Order preliminarily approving the Class Action Settlement and Notice. The Court set the final approval hearing for June 24, 2022. Plaintiffs sought to extend the hearing until August to comply with certain potential notice and related obligations to the purported class, and Defendants concurred with the request. On July 8, 2022, plaintiffs moved for final approval of the settlement and a hearing has been set for August 12, 2022.
On January 21, 2022, Shiva Stein and Kevin McCarty filed a shareholder derivative action in the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division against former director Nourdean Anakar, Yura Barabash, former director Steven L. Jenkins, Eric Langan, Luke Lirot, former CFO Phillip K. Marshall, Elaine J. Martin, Allan Priaulx, and Travis Reese as defendants, as well as against RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. as nominal defendant. The action, styled Stein v. Anakar, et al., No. 4:22-
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mc-00149 (S.D. Tex.), alleges claims for breach of fiduciary duty based on alleged dissemination of inaccurate information, alleged failure to maintain internal controls, and alleged failure to properly manage company property. This action is in its preliminary phase, and a potential loss cannot yet be estimated. These allegations are substantively similar to claims asserted in the class action and a prior derivative action that was dismissed in June of 2021. RCI intends to vigorously defend against the action. On April 2, 2022, the Company and its current and former officers and directors named in the shareholder derivative complaint filed their Motions to Dismiss and the derivative plaintiffs have responded. The Motions now have been fully briefed for the Court's consideration.
Other
On March 26, 2016, an image infringement lawsuit was filed in federal court in the Southern District of New York against the Company and several of its subsidiaries. Plaintiffs allege that their images were misappropriated, intentionally altered and published without their consent by clubs affiliated with the Company. The causes of action asserted in Plaintiffs’ Complaint include alleged violations of the Federal Lanham Act, the New York Civil Rights Act, and other statutory and common law theories. The Company contends that there is insurance coverage under an applicable insurance policy. The insurer has raised several issues regarding coverage under the policy. At this time, this disagreement remains unresolved. The Company has denied all allegations, continues to vigorously defend against the lawsuit and continues to believe the matter is covered by insurance.
On June 23, 2014, Mark H. Dupray and Ashlee Dupray filed a lawsuit against Pedro Antonio Panameno and our subsidiary JAI Dining Services (Phoenix) Inc. (“JAI Phoenix”) in the Superior Court of Arizona for Maricopa County. The suit alleged that Mr. Panameno injured Mr. Dupray in a traffic accident after being served alcohol at an establishment operated by JAI Phoenix. The suit alleged that JAI Phoenix was liable under theories of common law dram shop negligence and dram shop negligence per se. After a jury trial proceeded to a verdict in favor of the plaintiffs against both defendants, in April 2017 the Court entered a judgment under which JAI Phoenix’s share of compensatory damages is approximately $1.4 million and its share of punitive damages is $4.0 million. In May 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a motion for judgment as a matter of law or, in the alternative, motion for new trial. The Court denied this motion in August 2017. In September 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a notice of appeal. In June 2018, the matter was heard by the Arizona Court of Appeals. On November 15, 2018 the Court of Appeals vacated the jury’s verdict and remanded the case to the trial court. It is anticipated that a new trial will occur at some point in the future. JAI Phoenix will continue to vigorously defend itself.
As set forth in the risk factors as disclosed in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, the adult entertainment industry standard is to classify adult entertainers as independent contractors, not employees. While we take steps to ensure that our adult entertainers are deemed independent contractors, from time to time, we are named in lawsuits related to the alleged misclassification of entertainers. Claims are brought under both federal and where applicable, state law. Based on the industry standard, the manner in which the independent contractor entertainers are treated at the clubs, and the entertainer license agreements governing the entertainer’s work at the clubs, the Company believes that these lawsuits are without merit. Lawsuits are handled by attorneys with an expertise in the relevant law and are defended vigorously.
General
In the regular course of business affairs and operations, we are subject to possible loss contingencies arising from third-party litigation and federal, state, and local environmental, labor, health and safety laws and regulations. We assess the probability that we could incur liability in connection with certain of these lawsuits. Our assessments are made in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as codified in ASC 450-20, and is not an admission of any liability on the part of the Company or any of its subsidiaries. In certain cases that are in the early stages and in light of the uncertainties surrounding them, we do not currently possess sufficient information to determine a range of reasonably possible liability. In matters where there is insurance coverage, in the event we incur any liability, we believe it is unlikely we would incur losses in connection with these claims in excess of our insurance coverage.
Settlements of lawsuits for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 amount to approximately $132,000 and $709,000, respectively, and for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021 amount to approximately $127,000 and $280,000, respectively. As of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, the Company has accrued $181,000 and $378,000 in accrued liabilities, respectively, related to settlement of lawsuits.
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(Unaudited)
11. Segment Information
The Company owns and operates adult nightclubs and Bombshells Restaurants and Bars. The Company has identified such segments based on management responsibility and the nature of the Company’s products, services and costs. There are no major distinctions in geographical areas served as all operations are in the United States. The Company measures segment profit (loss) as income (loss) from operations. Segment assets are those assets controlled by each reportable segment. The Other category below includes our media and energy drink divisions that are not significant to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Below is the financial information related to the Company’s segments (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30,
2022202120222021
Revenues (from external customers)
Nightclubs$54,684 $41,031 $149,639 $97,015 
Bombshells15,789 16,077 45,893 42,218 
Other241 752 710 1,084 
$70,714 $57,860 $196,242 $140,317 
Income (loss) from operations
Nightclubs$22,459 $18,350 $60,321 $37,313 
Bombshells3,065 4,404 9,335 10,263 
Other(82)321 (159)107 
General corporate(4,935)(4,568)(15,998)(12,752)
$20,507 $18,507 $53,499 $34,931 
Depreciation and amortization
Nightclubs$1,880 $1,380 $5,633 $4,117 
Bombshells449 459 1,332 1,377 
Other19 80 
General corporate230 210 652 623 
$2,565 $2,057 $7,636 $6,197 
Capital expenditures
Nightclubs$1,678 $2,479 $12,568 $5,810 
Bombshells1,188 1,329 3,393 4,584 
Other145 — 693 
General corporate172 262 519 393 
$3,183 $4,070 $17,173 $10,788 
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Total assets
Nightclubs$409,251 $280,561 
Bombshells57,483 52,073 
Other2,622 1,573 
General corporate32,823 30,412 
$502,179 $364,619 
Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended June 30, 2022 amounting to $3.4 million and $31,000, respectively, and for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 amounting to $9.9 million and $231,000, respectively, and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 amounting to $42,000 and $164,000, respectively. Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended June 30, 2021 amounting to $2.8 million and $32,000, respectively, and for the nine months ended June 30, 2021 amounting to $8.4 million and $173,000, respectively, and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021 amounting to $20,000 and $95,000, respectively. These intercompany revenue amounts are eliminated upon consolidation.
General corporate expenses include corporate salaries, health insurance and social security taxes for officers, legal, accounting and information technology employees, corporate taxes and insurance, legal and accounting fees, depreciation and other corporate costs such as automobile and travel costs. Management considers these to be non-allocable costs for segment purposes.
Certain real estate assets previously wholly assigned to Bombshells have been subdivided and allocated to other future development or investment projects. Accordingly, those asset costs have been transferred out of the Bombshells segment.
12. Related Party Transactions
Presently, our Chairman and President, Eric Langan, personally guarantees all of the commercial bank indebtedness of the Company. Mr. Langan receives no compensation or other direct financial benefit for any of the guarantees. The balance of our commercial bank indebtedness, net of debt discount and issuance costs, as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, was $116.5 million and $99.7 million, respectively.
Included in the $17.0 million borrowing on October 12, 2021 (see Note 7) are notes borrowed from related parties—one note for $500,000 (Ed Anakar, an employee of the Company and brother of our former director Nourdean Anakar) and another note for $150,000 (from a brother of Company CFO, Bradley Chhay) in which the terms of the notes are the same as the rest of the lender group.
We used the services of Nottingham Creations, and previously Sherwood Forest Creations, LLC, both furniture fabrication companies that manufacture tables, chairs and other furnishings for our Bombshells locations, as well as providing ongoing maintenance. Nottingham Creations is owned by a brother of Eric Langan (as was Sherwood Forest). Amounts billed to us for goods and services provided by Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest were $42,093 and $69,242 during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $3,182 and $118,092 during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. As of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, we owed Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest $12,093 and $12,205, respectively, in unpaid billings.
TW Mechanical LLC provided plumbing and HVAC services to both a third-party general contractor providing construction services to the Company, as well as directly to the Company during fiscal 2022 and 2021. A son-in-law of Eric Langan owns a 50% interest in TW Mechanical. Amounts billed by TW Mechanical to the third-party general contractor were $0 and $3,809 for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $0 and $0 for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. Amounts billed directly to the Company were $16,500 and $101,200 for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $325,425 and $388,176 for the three and nine months
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
ended June 30, 2021, respectively. As of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, the Company owed TW Mechanical $6,037 and $7,500, respectively, in unpaid direct billings.
13. Leases
The Company leases certain facilities and equipment under operating leases. In relation to an acquisition that was completed on October 18, 2021 (see Note 4), the Company entered into leases with third parties for certain clubs where the real estate locations were not part of the acquisition.
Total lease expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2022
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Nine Months Ended
June 30, 2022
Nine Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Operating lease expense – fixed payments$1,215 $828 $3,482 $2,485 
Variable lease expense404 47 971 155 
Short-term and other lease expense (includes $53 and $73 recorded in advertising and marketing for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $183 and $232 for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively; and $120 and $106 recorded in repairs and maintenance for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $310 and $310 for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively; see Note 6)
290 296 988 843 
Sublease income(1)(2)(4)(5)
Total lease expense, net$1,908 $1,169 $5,437 $3,478 
Other information:
Operating cash outflows from operating leases$1,855 $1,147 $5,294 $3,400 
Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases11 years12 years
Weighted average discount rate – operating leases5.6 %6.0 %
Future maturities of operating lease liabilities as of June 30, 2022 are as follows (in thousands):
Principal PaymentsInterest PaymentsTotal Payments
July 2022 - June 2023$2,730 $2,141 $4,871 
July 2023 - June 20242,952 1,979 4,931 
July 2024 - June 20253,194 1,808 5,002 
July 2025 - June 20263,457 1,622 5,079 
July 2026 - June 20273,569 1,423 4,992 
Thereafter23,547 5,571 29,118 
$39,449 $14,544 $53,993 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in this quarterly report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021.
Overview
RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (“RCIHH”) is a holding company. Through our subsidiaries, we engage in a number of activities in the hospitality and related businesses. All services and management operations are conducted by subsidiaries of RCIHH, including RCI Management Services, Inc.
Through our subsidiaries, as of June 30, 2022, we operated a total of 60 establishments that offer live adult entertainment and/or restaurant and bar operations, including one club that is temporarily closed. We also operated a leading business communications company serving the multi-billion-dollar adult nightclubs industry. We have two principal reportable segments: Nightclubs and Bombshells. We combine operating segments not included in Nightclubs and Bombshells into “Other.” In the context of club and restaurant/sports bar operations, the terms the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” and similar terms used in this report refer to subsidiaries of RCIHH. RCIHH was incorporated in the State of Texas in 1994. Our corporate offices are located in Houston, Texas.
Ongoing Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic and Potential Economic Slowdown
Our businesses were heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic since its declaration as a national emergency in March 2020. We had a major disruption in our business operations that affected our cash flow. The pandemic resulted in a significant reduction in customer traffic in our clubs and restaurants due to changes in consumer behavior as social distancing practices, dining room closures and other restrictions were mandated or encouraged by federal, state and local governments. In 2021, our businesses started and continue to recover to date from the initial effects of the pandemic. There have been several variants to the coronavirus since then that threatened our operations throughout the period of recovery. We continue to adhere to state and local government mandates regarding the pandemic.
Since early 2021, there has been a worldwide increase in inflation. In the event this global inflation leads to a major economic downturn, our business operations and cash flow could be significantly affected.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On a regular basis, we evaluate these estimates. These estimates are based on management’s historical industry experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
For a description of the accounting policies that, in management’s opinion, involve the most significant application of judgment or involve complex estimation and which could, if different judgment or estimates were made, materially affect our reported financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021 filed with the SEC on December 14, 2021.
During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, there were no significant changes in our accounting policies and estimates other than the newly adopted accounting standards that are disclosed in Note 2 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Results of Operations
Highlights of the Company's operating results are as follows:
Third Quarter 2022
Total revenues were $70.7 million compared to $57.9 million during the comparable prior-year period, a 22.2% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $54.7 million compared to $41.0 million, a 33.3% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $15.8 million compared to $16.1 million, a 1.8% decrease)
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Consolidated same-store sales decreased by 0.1% (Nightclubs increased by 4.8% while Bombshells decreased by 12.3%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of revenues below)
Thirteen newly acquired clubs contributed $11.8 million to revenues, while a newly constructed Bombshells contributed $1.7 million
Basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) of $1.48 compared to $1.37 (non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $1.60 compared to $1.36) during the comparable prior-year period
Net cash provided by operating activities of $18.9 million compared to $15.0 million during the comparable prior-year period, a 26.2% increase (free cash flow* of $18.0 million compared to $13.0 million, a 39.1% increase)
Year-to-Date 2022
Total revenues were $196.2 million compared to $140.3 million during the comparable prior-year period, a 39.9% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $149.6 million compared to $97.0 million, a 54.2% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $45.9 million compared to $42.2 million, a 8.7% increase)
Consolidated same-store sales increased by 8.4% (Nightclubs increased by 13.2% while Bombshells decreased by 1.6%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of Revenues below)
Thirteen newly acquired clubs contributed $27.0 million to revenues, while a newly constructed Bombshells contributed $4.3 million
Basic and diluted EPS of $3.76 compared to $3.11 (non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $3.89 compared to $2.50) during the comparable prior-year period
Net cash provided by operating activities of $46.8 million compared to $32.2 million during the comparable prior-year period, a 45.1% increase (free cash flow* of $44.4 million compared to $27.6 million, a 60.7% increase)
*Reconciliation and discussion of non-GAAP financial measures are included in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section below.
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Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
The following table summarizes our results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (dollars in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
June 30, 2022
For the Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Better (Worse)
Amount% of RevenuesAmount% of RevenuesAmount%
Revenues
Sales of alcoholic beverages$29,738 42.1 %$25,092 43.4 %$4,646 18.5 %
Sales of food and merchandise11,574 16.4 %12,058 20.8 %(484)(4.0)%
Service revenues25,444 36.0 %16,880 29.2 %8,564 50.7 %
Other3,958 5.6 %3,830 6.6 %128 3.3 %
Total revenues70,714 100.0 %57,860 100.0 %12,854 22.2 %
Operating expenses
Cost of goods sold
Alcoholic beverages sold5,177 17.4 %4,621 18.4 %(556)(12.0)%
Food and merchandise sold3,959 34.2 %4,043 33.5 %84 2.1 %
Service and other46 0.2 %208 1.0 %162 77.9 %
Total cost of goods sold (exclusive of items shown separately below)9,182 13.0 %8,872 15.3 %(310)(3.5)%
Salaries and wages17,387 24.6 %13,870 24.0 %(3,517)(25.4)%
Selling, general and administrative19,572 27.7 %14,697 25.4 %(4,875)(33.2)%
Depreciation and amortization2,565 3.6 %2,057 3.6 %(508)(24.7)%
Other charges (gains), net1,501 2.1 %(143)(0.2)%(1,644)(1149.7)%
Total operating expenses50,207 71.0 %39,353 68.0 %(10,854)(27.6)%
Income from operations20,507 29.0 %18,507 32.0 %2,000 10.8 %
Other income (expenses)
Interest expense(3,028)(4.3)%(2,281)(3.9)%(747)(32.7)%
Interest income103 0.1 %72 0.1 %31 43.1 %
Non-operating gains, net127 0.2 %— %118 1311.1 %
Income before income taxes17,709 25.0 %16,307 28.2 %1,402 8.6 %
Income tax expense3,767 5.3 %3,986 6.9 %219 5.5 %
Net income$13,942 19.7 %$12,321 21.3 %$1,621 13.2 %
*Percentages may not foot due to rounding. Percentage of revenue for individual cost of goods sold items pertains to their respective revenue line.
Revenues
Consolidated revenues for the third quarter increased by approximately $12.9 million, or 22.2%, versus the comparable prior-year quarter due primarily to partial recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and sales from newly acquired clubs and a new Bombshells opening. Consolidated same-store sales decreased by 0.1%. The total increase in consolidated revenues was primarily from a 23.4% increase from new units and partially offset by a 0.1% decrease from last year’s COVID-19 closures, a 0.1% decrease from the impact of same-store sales growth, and a 1.0% decrease from non-core operations.
We calculate same-store sales by comparing year-over-year revenues from nightclubs and restaurants/sports bars starting in the first full quarter of operations after at least 12 full months for Nightclubs and at least 18 full months for Bombshells. We consider the first six months of operations of a Bombshells unit to be the “honeymoon period” where sales are significantly higher than normal. We exclude from a particular month’s calculation units previously included in the same-store sales base that have closed temporarily for more than 15 days until its next full month of operations. We also exclude from the same-store sales base units that are being reconcepted or are closed due to renovations or remodels. Acquired
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units are included in the same-store sales calculation as long as they qualify based on the definition stated above. Revenues outside of our Nightclubs and Bombshells reportable segments are excluded from same-store sales calculation.
Segment contribution to total revenues was as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
20222021
Nightclubs$54,684 $41,031 
Bombshells15,789 16,077 
Other241 752 
$70,714 $57,860 
Nightclubs revenues increased by 33.3% for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 compared to the prior-year quarter primarily due to the contribution of newly acquired clubs and the impact of the increase in same-store sales. For Nightclubs that were open enough days to qualify for same-store sales (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the preceding paragraph), sales increased by 4.8%. Newly acquired clubs contributed $11.8 million to the total Nightclubs revenue increase of $13.7 million. By type of revenue, service revenue increased by 50.8%, alcoholic beverage sales increased by 30.6%, and food, merchandise and other revenue increased by 2.5%.
Bombshells revenues decreased by 1.8%, of which 12.3% was for same-store sales decrease with the offsetting increase caused by one new location. By type of revenue, food and merchandise sales were flat while alcoholic beverage sales decreased by 3.2%.
Operating Expenses
Total operating expenses, as a percent of revenues, increased to 71.0% from 68.0% from last year’s third quarter, with a $10.9 million increase, or 27.6%, which was mainly caused by costs and expenses directly related to significantly higher sales in the current-year quarter and additional fixed expenses partly from new units plus the impairment charge in the current quarter. Significant contributors to the changes in operating expenses are explained below.
Cost of goods sold increased by $310,000, or 3.5%, mainly due to higher sales but offset by the mix of higher-margin service revenue increasing from 29.2% to 36.0%. As a percent of total revenues, cost of goods sold decreased to 13.0% from 15.3% mainly due to the sales mix shift mentioned above.
Salaries and wages increased by $3.5 million, or 25.4%, due to increase in personnel and shifts to accommodate the increase in sales. As a percent of total revenues, salaries and wages were 24.6% from 24.0% mainly due to additional employees from new units partially offset by fixed salaries paid on higher sales.
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $4.9 million, or 33.2%, primarily due to increased variable expenses related to sales activity during the current-year quarter and other increases from insurance, accounting and professional fees, and advertising.
Depreciation and amortization increased by $508,000, or 24.7% due to new depreciable assets from newly acquired and constructed units.
Other charges, net was a net charge of $1.5 million in the current quarter while a net gain of $143,000 in the comparable prior-year quarter. The swing was mainly from impairment charges of $1.7 million in the current third quarter.
Income (Loss) from Operations
For the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, our consolidated operating margin was 29.0% and 32.0%, respectively. The main drivers for the decrease in operating margin are the presence of less variable costs and expenses such as impairment charge, insurance, and accounting and professional fees, partially offset by the increase in mix of higher-margin service revenue.
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Segment contribution to income (loss) from operations is presented in the table below (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
20222021
Nightclubs$22,459 $18,350 
Bombshells3,065 4,404 
Other(82)321 
General corporate(4,935)(4,568)
$20,507 $18,507 
Nightclubs operating margin was 41.1% and 44.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, while operating margin for Bombshells was 19.4% and 27.4%, respectively. The decreases in both Nightclubs and Bombshells operating margin were mainly due to increases in salaries and wages and certain selling, general and administrative expenses plus the impairment charge.
Excluding certain items, non-GAAP operating income (loss) and non-GAAP operating margin are computed in the tables below (dollars in thousands). Refer to the discussion of Non-GAAP Financial Measures on page 36.
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
NightclubsBombshellsOtherCorporateTotal
Income (loss) from operations$22,459 $3,065 $(82)$(4,935)$20,507 
Amortization of intangibles 23 — 25 
Settlement of lawsuits124 — — 132 
Impairment of assets1,072 650 — — 1,722 
Gain on sale of businesses and assets(264)— — (2)(266)
Gain on insurance(87)— — — (87)
Non-GAAP operating income (loss)$23,327 $3,724 $(82)$(4,936)$22,033 
GAAP operating margin41.1 %19.4 %(34.0)%(7.0)%29.0 %
Non-GAAP operating margin42.7 %23.6 %(34.0)%(7.0)%31.2 %
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
NightclubsBombshellsOtherCorporateTotal
Income (loss) from operations$18,350 $4,404 $321 $(4,568)$18,507 
Amortization of intangibles47 — — 51 
Settlement of lawsuits123 — — 127 
Impairment of assets271 — — — 271 
Loss (gain) on sale of businesses and assets(512)— (38)(541)
Non-GAAP operating income (loss)$18,279 $4,421 $321 $(4,606)$18,415 
 
GAAP operating margin44.7 %27.4 %42.7 %(7.9)%32.0 %
Non-GAAP operating margin44.5 %27.5 %42.7 %(8.0)%31.8 %
Other Income/Expenses
Interest expense increased by $747,000, or 32.7%, primarily caused by a higher average debt balance and partially offset by a lower average interest rate.
Our total occupancy costs, defined as the sum of operating lease expense and interest expense, were $4.8 million and $3.3 million for the quarters ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. As a percentage of revenue, total occupancy costs
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were 6.7% and 5.7% during the quarters ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, primarily due to the interest from higher average debt balance and the increased mix of our clubs where we lease our locations from third parties.
Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $3.8 million during the quarter ended June 30, 2022 compared to $4.0 million during the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The effective income tax rate was 21.3% and 24.4% for the quarters ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Our effective tax rate is affected by state taxes, permanent differences, and tax credits, including the FICA tip credit, for both years, as presented below.