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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2023
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-13992
RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Texas76-0458229
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
10737 Cutten Road
Houston, Texas 77066
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(281) 397-6730
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par valueRICKThe Nasdaq Global Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer x Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
As of May 5, 2023, 9,430,225 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.


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NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements, which are other than statements of historical facts. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including, without limitation, the following sections: Part I, Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Important factors that in our view could cause material adverse effects on our financial condition and results of operations include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties associated with (i) operating and managing an adult business, (ii) the business climates in cities where it operates, (iii) the success or lack thereof in launching and building the company’s businesses, (iv) cyber security, (v) conditions relevant to real estate transactions, (vi) the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and (vii) numerous other factors such as laws governing the operation of adult entertainment businesses, competition and dependence on key personnel. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to any forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
As used herein, the “Company,” “we,” “our,” and similar terms include RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
3

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PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except par value and number of shares)
March 31, 2023September 30, 2022
(unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$22,784 $35,980 
Accounts receivable, net6,755 8,510 
Current portion of notes receivable239 230 
Inventories4,571 3,893 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets6,870 1,499 
Assets held for sale— 1,049 
Total current assets41,219 51,161 
Property and equipment, net295,861 224,615 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net37,244 37,048 
Notes receivable, net of current portion4,569 4,691 
Goodwill84,051 67,767 
Intangibles, net156,331 144,049 
Other assets1,856 1,407 
Total assets$621,131 $530,738 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$7,743 $5,482 
Accrued liabilities20,958 11,328 
Current portion of debt obligations, net21,016 11,896 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities2,951 2,795 
Total current liabilities52,668 31,501 
Deferred tax liability, net30,936 30,562 
Debt, net of current portion and debt discount and issuance costs224,751 190,567 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion36,429 36,001 
Other long-term liabilities383 349 
Total liabilities345,167 288,980 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Equity
Preferred stock, $0.10 par value per share; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
— — 
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 9,430,225 and 9,231,725 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2023 and September 30, 2022, respectively
94 92 
Additional paid-in capital85,082 67,227 
Retained earnings190,905 173,950 
Total RCIHH stockholders’ equity276,081 241,269 
Noncontrolling interests(117)489 
Total equity275,964 241,758 
Total liabilities and equity$621,131 $530,738 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share and number of share data)
(unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2023202220232022
Revenues
Sales of alcoholic beverages$30,136 $27,335 $59,786 $53,766 
Sales of food and merchandise11,005 11,160 21,352 22,054 
Service revenues25,690 21,501 51,253 42,377 
Other4,686 3,696 9,094 7,331 
Total revenues71,517 63,692 141,485 125,528 
Operating expenses
Cost of goods sold
Alcoholic beverages sold5,365 4,896 10,739 9,730 
Food and merchandise sold3,737 3,840 7,323 7,797 
Service and other16 24 65 124 
Total cost of goods sold (exclusive of items shown separately below)9,118 8,760 18,127 17,651 
Salaries and wages19,428 16,530 38,104 33,035 
Selling, general and administrative22,026 18,437 44,758 36,923 
Depreciation and amortization3,760 2,877 7,067 5,071 
Other charges (gains), net3,758 3,104 (144)
Total operating expenses58,090 46,611 111,160 92,536 
Income from operations13,427 17,081 30,325 32,992 
Other income (expenses)
Interest expense(3,677)(2,864)(7,364)(5,468)
Interest income90 112 181 218 
Non-operating gains, net— — — 84 
Income before income taxes9,840 14,329 23,142 27,826 
Income tax expense2,147 3,356 5,178 6,289 
Net income7,693 10,973 17,964 21,537 
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests39 (21)(10)
Net income attributable to RCIHH common shareholders$7,732 $10,952 $17,970 $21,527 
Earnings per share
Basic and diluted$0.83 $1.15 $1.94 $2.28 
Weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share
Basic and diluted9,265,781 9,489,085 9,247,824 9,447,854
Dividends per share$0.06 $0.05 $0.11 $0.09 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
Common Stock Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury Stock Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Equity
Number
of Shares
Amount Number
of Shares
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2022
9,231,725 $92 $67,227 $173,950 — $— $489 $241,758 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (1,500)(98)— (98)
Canceled treasury shares(1,500)— (98)— 1,500 98 — — 
Payment of dividends— — — (462)— — — (462)
Stock-based compensation— — 941 — — — — 941 
Share in return of investment by noncontrolling partner— — — — — — (600)(600)
Net income— — — 10,238 — — 33 10,271 
Balance at December 31, 20229,230,225 92 68,070 183,726 — — (78)251,810 
Issuance of common shares for business combination200,000 16,306 — — — — 16,308 
Payment of dividends— — — (553)— — — (553)
Stock-based compensation— — 706 — — — — 706 
Net income (loss)— — — 7,732 — — (39)7,693 
Balance at March 31, 2023
9,430,225 $94 $85,082 $190,905 — $— $(117)$275,964 
Balance at September 30, 2021
8,999,910 $90 $50,040 $129,693 — $— $(600)$179,223 
Issuance of common shares for business combination500,000 30,357 — — — — 30,362 
Payment of dividends— — — (380)— — — (380)
Net income (loss)— — — 10,575 — — (11)10,564 
Balance at December 31, 20219,499,910 95 80,397 139,888 — — (611)219,769 
Purchase of treasury shares— — — — (45,643)(2,845)— (2,845)
Canceled treasury shares(45,643)(1)(2,844)— 45,643 2,845 — — 
Payment of dividends— — — (474)— — — (474)
Net income— — — 10,952 — — 21 10,973 
Balance at March 31, 2022
9,454,267 $94 $77,553 $150,366 — $— $(590)$227,423 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
For the Six Months Ended March 31,
20232022
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$17,964 $21,537 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,067 5,071 
Impairment of assets662 — 
Stock-based compensation1,647 — 
Gain on sale of businesses and assets(689)(708)
Unrealized loss on equity securities— 
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs291 136 
Gain on debt extinguishment— (83)
Noncash lease expense1,463 1,238 
Gain on insurance(91)(321)
Doubtful accounts expense on notes receivable— 53 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable708 1,065 
Inventories79 (276)
Prepaid expenses, other current and other assets(5,705)(5,360)
Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities8,288 5,508 
Net cash provided by operating activities31,684 27,861 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from sale of businesses and assets2,810 2,910 
Proceeds from insurance91 485 
Proceeds from notes receivable113 82 
Payments for property and equipment and intangible assets(20,890)(13,990)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired(30,200)(39,302)
Net cash used in investing activities(48,076)(49,815)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from debt obligations, including related party proceeds of $0 and $650, respectively
11,595 35,742 
Payments on debt obligations(6,481)(7,290)
Purchase of treasury stock(98)(2,845)
Payment of dividends(1,015)(854)
Payment of loan origination costs(205)(418)
Share in return of investment by noncontrolling partner(600)— 
Net cash provided by financing activities3,196 24,335 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(13,196)2,381 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD35,980 35,686 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$22,784 $38,067 
CASH PAID DURING PERIOD FOR:
Interest$6,874 $5,064 
Income taxes$5,605 $4,008 
8

Noncash investing and financing transactions:
Debt incurred in connection with acquisition of businesses$32,405 $22,200 
Debt incurred in connection with purchase of property and equipment$5,584 $2,625 
Note receivable from sale of property$— $2,700 
Issuance of shares of common stock for acquisition of businesses:
Number of shares200,000 500,000 
Fair value$16,308 $30,362 
Adjustment to operating lease right-of-use assets related to new and renewed leases$1,659 $19,187 
Adjustment to operating lease liabilities related to new and renewed leases$1,958 $19,187 
Unpaid liabilities on capital expenditures$3,045 $1,201 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (the “Company,” “RCIHH,” “we,” or “us”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP” or “U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q of Regulation S-X. They do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The September 30, 2022 consolidated balance sheet data were derived from audited financial statements but do not include all disclosures required by GAAP. However, except as disclosed herein, there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2022 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 14, 2022. The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with those consolidated financial statements included in the Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of the financial statements, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, have been made. Operating results for the six months ended March 31, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2023.
We made certain reclassification adjustments to segment disclosures related to prepaid insurance and goodwill. These assets were acquired by the registrant and presented in Corporate segment but mostly benefit subsidiaries belonging to other reportable segments. Prior year disclosures were also made to conform to current year presentation. There is no impact in consolidated total assets, results of operations, and cash flows in all periods presented. See Note 11.
2. Recent Accounting Standards and Pronouncements
In October 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. This ASU amends ASC 805 to require acquiring entities to apply ASC 606 to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities in business combinations. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU but we do not expect it to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2022, the FASB issued ASU 2022-03, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Fair Value Measurement of Equity Securities Subject to Contractual Sale Restrictions. The amendments of this ASU clarify that an entity should measure the fair value of an equity security subject to contractual sale restriction the same way it measures an identical equity security that is not subject to such a restriction. The FASB said the contractual restriction on the sale of an equity security is not considered part of the unit of account of the equity security and, therefore, should not affect its fair value. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-01, Leases (Topic 842): Common Control Arrangements, which amends certain provisions of ASC 842 that apply to arrangements between related parties under common control. The ASU requires all companies to amortize leasehold improvements associated with common control leases over the asset's useful life to the common control group regardless of the lease term. It also allows private and certain not-for-profit entities to use the written terms and conditions of an agreement to account for common control leases without further assessing the legal enforceability of those terms. The guidance is effective for all entities in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for both interim and annual financial statements that have not yet been made available for issuance. We are still evaluating the impact of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements.
3. Current Operating Environment
Our fiscal 2020 was the period hardest hit by the COVID-19 pandemic caused by significant reduction in customer traffic in our clubs and restaurants due to changes in consumer behavior as social distancing practices, dining room closures and other restrictions were mandated or encouraged by federal, state and local governments. In fiscal 2021, our businesses started to recover from the initial effects of the pandemic when government restrictions eased. Stimulus money also flowed to the economy at that time which prompted increased discretionary spending. In fiscal 2022, several coronavirus variants
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
threatened to bring back tight restrictions. Along with the pandemic, geopolitical and macroeconomic events started to affect the U.S. economy in general, with global inflation and supply chain disruption impacting our businesses the most.
Toward the end of fiscal 2022 and continuing to the current fiscal year, geopolitical and macroeconomic events have impacted our operating results and cash flows by causing inflation on wages and other operating expenses. In the event global inflation leads to a major economic downturn, our business operations and cash flow could be significantly affected.
4. Acquisitions and Dispositions
Lubbock Property
On October 10, 2022, the Company purchased real estate in Lubbock, Texas amounting to $3.4 million for a future Bombshells location. The Company paid $1.1 million in cash at closing and obtained bank financing for the $2.3 million remainder (see Note 7). The site includes extra land that will be listed for sale once the Bombshells unit is completed.
Non-Income-Producing Properties
On October 11, 2022, the Company purchased a hangar in Arcola, Texas amounting to $754,000 in cash.
On February 6, 2023, in view of the increasing business presence of the Company in the Denver, Colorado area, the Company acquired a non-income-producing corporate property for $458,000 in cash, to be used for office space and employee housing.
Heartbreakers Gentlemen's Club
On October 26, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of a club in Dickinson, Texas for a total agreed acquisition price of $9.0 million (with a total consideration preliminary fair value of $8.9 million based on certain legal contingencies that existed pre-acquisition). The acquisition included (1) $2.5 million for the adult entertainment business covered in a stock purchase agreement paid fully in cash at closing and (2) $6.5 million for the real estate property covered in a real estate purchase agreement paid $1.5 million in cash at closing and $5.0 million under a 6% 15-year promissory note (see Note 7). In the stock purchase agreement, the Company acquired 100% of the capital stock of the company which owned the adult entertainment business. The acquisition gives the Company its first adult club in the Galveston, Texas area market.
The following is our preliminary allocation of the fair value of the acquisition price (in thousands) as of October 26, 2022:
Current assets$64 
Property and equipment4,884 
Licenses1,170 
Tradename340 
Accrued liability(95)
Deferred tax liability(374)
Total net assets acquired5,989 
Goodwill2,916 
Acquisition price fair value$8,905 
We believe that in this acquisition goodwill represents the existing customer base of the club in the area and the added synergy profitability expansion when we implement the Company's processes into the club. Goodwill, licenses, and tradename will not be amortized but will be tested at least annually for impairment. Approximately $1.5 million of the recognized goodwill will be deductible for tax purposes.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
In connection with this acquisition, we incurred approximately $0 and $23,000 in acquisition-related expenses during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, which is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. From the date of acquisition until March 31, 2023, the club contributed revenues of $554,000 and $901,000 and income from operations of $103,000 and $160,000 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, which are included in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. The seller has not maintained historical U.S. GAAP financial data and it is impracticable to prepare them, therefore, we could not provide supplemental pro forma information of the combined entities.
Aurora CO Property
On November 8, 2022, the Company purchased real estate in Aurora, Colorado amounting to $850,000 in cash for a future Bombshells location.
Central City CO Casino Property 1
On December 5, 2022, the Company purchased real estate in Central City, Colorado amounting to $2.4 million in cash for the development of a Rick's Cabaret Steakhouse and Casino business.
Mark IV Property
On December 16, 2022, the Company purchased real estate in Fort Worth, Texas amounting to $2.4 million in cash. The property has two buildings, one of which the Company is leasing out to an existing tenant and the other building the Company is remodeling for future adult club operations.
Grange Food Hall
On December 20, 2022, the Company purchased a food hall property in Greenwood Village, Colorado for $5.3 million, including direct transaction costs and net of certain accrued taxes amounting to $102,000. The purchase price was paid $1.9 million in cash at closing and $3.325 million under a 6.67% five-year promissory note (see Note 7). The Company allocated $2.1 million to land, $2.6 million to building improvements, $98,000 to furniture, fixtures and equipment, and $565,000 to in-place leases based on their relative fair values.
Tomball Parkway Property Sale
On December 28, 2022, the Company sold a property classified as held-for-sale with a carrying value of $1.0 million for $1.7 million in cash. The Company used $1.2 million of the proceeds to pay off a loan related to the property.
Central City CO Casino Property 2
On February 6, 2023, the Company purchased real estate in Central City, Colorado amounting to $2.2 million in cash for the development of another casino business.
Bombshells San Antonio
On February 7, 2023, the Company completed the acquisition of a previously franchised Bombshells location in San Antonio, Texas for a total acquisition price of $3.2 million. The transaction was effected through a membership interest purchase agreement under which a subsidiary of the Company purchased 100% of the issued and outstanding membership interests of the target limited liability company that owns and operates the Bombshells location from the six previous owners of the entity (the "Sellers"). At acquisition date, the Sellers were paid $1.2 million in cash and were issued six seller-financed promissory notes totaling $2.0 million (see Note 7). The Company allocated the acquisition price $61,000 to inventory, $2.7 million to property and equipment, and $480,000 to favorable lease intangible and right-of-use assets, net of lease liability.

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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Baby Dolls-Chicas Locas
On March 16, 2023, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries completed the acquisition of five gentlemen's clubs, five related real estate properties, associated intellectual properties, and certain automated teller machines for a total purchase price of $66.5 million, payable with a total of $25.0 million in cash, a total of $25.5 million in 10-year 7% seller financing promissory notes, and 200,000 restricted shares of common stock based on an $80 per share price, subject to lock-up, leak out restrictions. The cash consideration at closing was partially funded by the $10.0 million line of credit secured by the Company on March 9, 2023 (see Note 7). The five clubs, which are all located in Texas, were purchased through four different asset purchase agreements and one stock purchase agreement, under each of which a newly formed wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company acquired from each club-owning entity all of the tangible and intangible assets and personal property used in the business of that club, except for certain excluded assets. As of the filing of this report, we have not completed our valuation analysis and related calculations in sufficient detail necessary to arrive at the fair values of the net assets acquired and the debt and stock consideration, but we have preliminarily allocated the acquisition price as follows based on negotiated purchase price: $632,000 to current assets, $41.6 million to property and equipment, $11.2 million to identifiable intangibles, $632,000 to accounts payable, and $14.0 million to goodwill.
In connection with this acquisition, we incurred approximately $280,000 and $292,000 in acquisition-related expenses during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, which is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. From the date of acquisition until March 31, 2023, the clubs contributed revenues of $1.2 million and $1.2 million and loss from operations of $154,000 and $154,000 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, which are included in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. The following table presents the unaudited pro forma combined results of operations of the Company and the five acquired clubs and related assets as though the acquisition occurred at the beginning of fiscal 2022 (in thousands, except per share amount and number of shares):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2023202220232022
Pro forma revenues$77,292 $69,256 $154,424 $137,029 
Pro forma net income attributable to RCIHH common stockholders$8,303 $12,444 $17,213 $24,849 
Pro forma earnings per share - basic and diluted$0.88 $1.28 $1.83 $2.58 
Pro forma weighted average shares used in computing earnings per share - basic and diluted9,430,225 9,689,085 9,430,241 9,647,854 
The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the acquisition had taken place at the beginning of fiscal 2022. The unaudited pro forma financial information reflects material, nonrecurring adjustments directly attributable to the acquisition including acquisition-related expenses, interest expense, and any related tax effects. Since we do not yet have a final valuation of the assets that we acquired and the liabilities that we assumed, the unaudited pro forma financial information does not include adjustments related to changes in recognized expenses caused by the fair value of assets acquired, such as depreciation and amortization and related tax effects. Pro forma net income and pro forma earnings per share include the impact of acquisition-related expenses and interest expense related to the $10.0 million line-of-credit facility (see Note 7) and the nine seller-financed notes in the acquisition as if they were incurred as of the first day of fiscal 2022. Pro forma weighted average number of common shares outstanding includes the impact of 200,000 shares of our common stock issued as partial consideration for the acquisition.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
5. Revenues
Revenues, as disaggregated by revenue type, timing of recognition, and reportable segment (see also Note 11), are shown below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
NightclubsBombshellsOtherTotalNightclubsBombshellsOtherTotal
Sales of alcoholic beverages$22,191 $7,945 $— $30,136 $18,673 $8,662 $— $27,335 
Sales of food and merchandise4,823 6,182 — 11,005 4,498 6,662 — 11,160 
Service revenues25,686 — 25,690 21,501 — — 21,501 
Other revenues4,331 184 171 4,686 3,502 185 3,696 
$57,031 $14,315 $171 $71,517 $48,174 $15,333 $185 $63,692 
Recognized at a point in time$56,577 $14,274 $127 $70,978 $47,722 $15,332 $185 $63,239 
Recognized over time454 *41 44 539 452 *— 453 
$57,031 $14,315 $171 $71,517 $48,174 $15,333 $185 $63,692 
Six Months Ended March 31, 2023Six Months Ended March 31, 2022
NightclubsBombshellsOtherTotalNightclubsBombshellsOtherTotal
Sales of alcoholic beverages$44,289 $15,497 $— $59,786 $36,840 $16,926 $— $53,766 
Sales of food and merchandise9,417 11,935 — 21,352 9,087 12,967 — 22,054 
Service revenues51,219 34 — 51,253 42,185 192 — 42,377 
Other revenues8,431 280 383 9,094 6,843 19 469 7,331 
$113,356 $27,746 $383 $141,485 $94,955 $30,104 $469 $125,528 
Recognized at a point in time$112,495 $27,702 $338 $140,535 $94,066 $30,102 $468 $124,636 
Recognized over time861 *44 45 950 889 *892 
$113,356 $27,746 $383 $141,485 $94,955 $30,104 $469 $125,528 
* Lease revenue (included in Other Revenues) as covered by ASC 842. All other revenues are covered by ASC 606.
The Company does not have contract assets with customers. The Company’s unconditional right to consideration for goods and services transferred to the customer is included in accounts receivable, net in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet. A reconciliation of contract liabilities with customers is presented below (in thousands):
Balance at
September 30, 2022
Net Consideration
Received (Refunded)
Recognized in
Revenue
Balance at
March 31, 2023
Ad revenue$82 $284 $(239)$127 
Expo revenue405 — 413 
Franchise fees and other144 (12)(44)88 
$234 $677 $(283)$628 
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Contract liabilities with customers are included in accrued liabilities as unearned revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets (see also Note 6), while the revenues associated with these contract liabilities are included in other revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
6. Selected Account Information
The components of accounts receivable, net are as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2023September 30, 2022
Credit card receivables$2,768 $2,687 
Income tax refundable1,773 2,979 
ATM in-transit1,006 819 
Other (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $85 and $30, respectively)
1,208 2,025 
Total accounts receivable, net$6,755 $8,510 
Notes receivable consist primarily of secured promissory notes executed between the Company and various buyers of our businesses and assets with interest rates ranging from 6% to 9% per annum and having original terms ranging from 1 to 20 years.
The components of prepaid expenses and other current assets are as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2023September 30, 2022
Prepaid insurance$4,960 $191 
Prepaid legal32 61 
Prepaid taxes and licenses689 391 
Prepaid rent150 296 
Other1,039 560 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets$6,870 $1,499 
A reconciliation of goodwill as of March 31, 2023 and September 30, 2022, which is substantially all in Nightclubs segment, is as follows (in thousands):
GrossAccumulated ImpairmentNet
Balance at September 30, 2022
$88,921 $21,154 $67,767 
Acquisitions (see Note 4)16,946 — 16,946 
Impairment— 662 (662)
Balance at March 31, 2023
$105,867 $21,816 $84,051 
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The components of intangible assets, net are as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2023September 30, 2022
Indefinite-lived:
Licenses$105,142 $103,972 
Trademarks24,659 13,119 
Domain names23 23 
Definite-lived:
Licenses24,780 25,962 
Leases acquired in-place231 117 
Noncompete agreements25 55 
Favorable leases853 78 
Software618 723 
Total intangible assets, net$156,331 $144,049 
The components of accrued liabilities are as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2023September 30, 2022
Insurance$4,694 $30 
Sales and liquor taxes2,400 2,227 
Payroll and related costs4,171 3,186 
Property taxes1,813 2,618 
Interest698 499 
Patron tax464 467 
Unearned revenues628 234 
Lawsuit settlement3,109 246 
Other2,981 1,821 
Total accrued liabilities$20,958 $11,328 
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The components of selling, general and administrative expenses are as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2023202220232022
Taxes and permits$2,739 $2,361 $5,423 $4,597 
Advertising and marketing2,731 2,248 5,401 4,631 
Supplies and services2,657 2,175 5,081 4,155 
Insurance2,238 2,481 4,820 4,876 
Legal1,296 898 2,281 1,958 
Lease1,765 1,572 3,527 3,212 
Charge card fees1,683 1,466 3,580 2,797 
Utilities1,353 1,108 2,624 2,043 
Security1,308 1,050 2,472 2,137 
Stock-based compensation706 — 1,647 — 
Accounting and professional fees657 622 2,175 1,968 
Repairs and maintenance1,207 903 2,371 1,628 
Other1,686 1,553 3,356 2,921 
Total selling, general and administrative expenses$22,026 $18,437 $44,758 $36,923 
The components of other charges (gains), net are as follows (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2023202220232022
Impairment of assets$662 $— $662 $— 
Settlement of lawsuits3,120 385 3,120 577 
Loss (gain) on disposal of businesses and assets(58)(587)(400)
Gain on insurance(27)(320)(91)(321)
Other charges (gains), net$3,758 $$3,104 $(144)
7. Debt
On October 10, 2022, in relation to a real estate purchase (see Note 4), the Company borrowed $2.3 million from a bank lender. The 18-month promissory note bears an initial interest rate of 6% per annum adjusted daily to a rate equal to the Wall Street Journal prime rate plus 0.5% with a floor of 6%. The promissory note is payable in 17 monthly interest-only installments with the full principal and accrued interest payable at maturity. The Company paid approximately $26,000 in debt issuance cost at closing. This promissory note is secured by the purchased real estate property.
On October 26, 2022, in relation to a club acquisition (see Note 4), the Company executed a promissory note for $5.0 million with the seller. The 6% 15-year promissory note is payable in 180 equal monthly payments of $42,193 in principal and interest. This promissory note is secured by the purchased real estate property.
On November 18, 2022, in relation to a real estate purchase on September 12, 2022, the Company borrowed $1.5 million from a bank lender. The 18-month promissory note bears an initial interest rate of 6% per annum to be adjusted daily to a rate equal to the Wall Street Journal prime rate plus 0.5% with a floor of 6%. The promissory note is payable in 17 monthly interest-only installments with the full principal and accrued interest payable at maturity. This promissory note is secured by the purchased real estate property.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
On December 20, 2022, the Company executed a promissory note for $3.325 million with a bank lender in relation to a purchase of a food hall property (see Note 4). The 6.67% five-year promissory note is payable in 59 equal monthly installments of $22,805 in principal and interest, with the balance of principal and accrued interest payable at maturity. There are certain financial covenants with which the Company is to be in compliance related to this loan.
On February 7, 2023, in relation to the acquisition of a franchised Bombshells location in San Antonio, Texas (see Note 4), the Company entered into six separate seller-financing promissory notes totaling $2.0 million. Each of the promissory notes has an interest rate of 7% per annum, has a term of 24 months, and is payable in monthly installments totaling $39,602 of principal and interest for the first 23 months based on a 60-month amortization schedule with the remaining unpaid principal and interest paid at maturity.
On March 9, 2023, the Company closed a $10.0 million line-of-credit facility with a lender bank evidenced by a revolving promissory note, with an initial draw of $10.0 million at closing. The facility has an initial term of 24 months with a variable interest rate equal to the Wall Street Journal prime rate plus 1%. On such date that the principal balance is repaid to an amount less than $5.0 million, the facility's revolver feature is activated where the Company may draw from the remaining availability up to a maximum of $5.0 million. The Company shall also pay a non-usage fee of 0.5% based on the amount by which the average outstanding balance for the prior twelve months was less than $3.0 million or the amount by which the total aggregate advances during the prior twelve months totaled less than $3.0 million. The Company paid $115,000 in debt issuance costs, which is recorded as deferred charges to be amortized on a straight-line basis over 24 months. There are certain financial covenants with which the Company is to be in compliance related to this loan, including a compensating balance requirement of $3.0 million and a minimum tangible net worth requirement of $20.0 million.
On March 16, 2023, in relation to the acquisition of five clubs with associated real estate, automated teller machines, and intellectual property (see Note 4), the Company executed nine secured promissory notes with a total principal amount of $25.5 million. Each of the nine promissory notes have an interest rate of 7% per annum with a term of 10 years, payable in arrears in 120 equal monthly payments of principal and interest amounting to $296,077 per month in the aggregate. The holder of the $5.0 million promissory note related to the real estate properties may call due from the Company a principal payment of $1.0 million once in every calendar year.
Future maturities of long-term debt as of March 31, 2023 are as follows: $21.6 million, $38.0 million, $16.8 million, $12.7 million, $19.6 million and $140.3 million for the twelve months ending March 31, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, and thereafter, respectively. Of the maturity schedule mentioned above, $3.8 million, $25.7 million, $4.8 million, $0, $6.1 million and $71.8 million, respectively, relate to scheduled balloon payments. Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs amounted to $3.2 million and $3.4 million as of March 31, 2023 and September 30, 2022, respectively.
8. Stock-based Compensation
On February 7, 2022, our board of directors approved the 2022 Stock Option Plan (the “2022 Plan”). The board’s adoption of the 2022 Plan was approved by the shareholders during the annual stockholders' meeting on August 23, 2022. The 2022 Plan provides that the maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock underlying options that may be granted under the 2022 Plan is 300,000. The options granted under the 2022 Plan may be either incentive stock options or non-qualified options. The 2022 Plan is administered by the compensation committee of the board of directors. The compensation committee has the exclusive power to select individuals to receive grants, to establish the terms of the options granted to each participant, provided that all options granted shall be granted at an exercise price not less than the fair market value of the common stock covered by the option on the grant date, and to make all determinations necessary or advisable under the 2022 Plan. On February 9, 2022, the board of directors approved a grant of 50,000 stock options to each of six members of management subject to the approval of the 2022 Plan.
Stock-based compensation for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, which is included in corporate segment selling, general and administrative expenses, amounted to $706,000 and $1.6 million, respectively. No stock-based compensation expense was recognized during the three and six months ended March 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2023, we had unrecognized compensation cost amounting to $5.4 million related to stock-based compensation awards granted, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.9 years.
The February 9, 2022 stock options vest over four years with the first 20% having vested on the approval of the 2022 Plan at the 2022 annual stockholders' meeting on August 23, 2022, and 20% vesting on February 9 of each year thereafter,
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
provided however that the options will be subject to earlier vesting under certain events set forth in the Plan, including without limitation a change in control. All of the options will expire, if not exercised, at the end of five years. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the stock options was $31.37 per share. No stock options were exercised during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023. As of March 31, 2023, 120,000 stock options were vested and exercisable.
For the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, we excluded 300,000 stock options from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because their effect was anti-dilutive. There were no stock options outstanding during the three and six months ended March 31, 2022. Aside from the outstanding stock options, there were no other potentially dilutive securities for inclusion in the calculation of diluted earnings per share.
9. Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $2.1 million and $5.2 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, compared to $3.4 million and $6.3 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, respectively. The effective income tax expense rate was 21.8% and 22.4% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, compared to 23.4% and 22.6% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, respectively. Our effective income tax rate is affected by state taxes, permanent differences, and tax credits, including the FICA tip credit, for both years, as presented below.
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2023202220232022
Federal statutory income tax expense21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %
State income taxes, net of federal benefit4.0 %2.9 %4.0 %2.9 %
Permanent differences0.6 %0.5 %0.5 %0.4 %
Tax credits(3.8)%(3.1)%(3.2)%(2.6)%
Other— %2.1 %0.1 %0.8 %
Total income tax expense21.8 %23.4 %22.4 %22.6 %
The Company or one of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various states. Fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 and subsequent years remain open to federal tax examination. The Company ordinarily goes through various federal and state reviews and examinations for various tax matters.
10. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
Texas Patron Tax
A declaratory judgment action was brought by five operating subsidiaries of the Company to challenge a Texas Comptroller administrative rule related to the $5 per customer Patron Tax Fee assessed against Sexually Oriented Businesses. An administrative rule attempted to expand the fee to cover venues featuring dancers using latex cover as well as traditional nude entertainment. The administrative rule was challenged on both constitutional and statutory grounds. On November 19, 2018, the Court issued an order that a key aspect of the administrative rule is invalid based on it exceeding the scope of the Comptroller’s authority. On March 6, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas, Austin Division, ruled that the Texas Patron Tax is unconstitutional as it has been applied and enforced by the Comptroller. The State of Texas appealed to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, who affirmed that the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied. The State of Texas next sought review from the Supreme Court, but the high court declined to take the case. The lawsuit was sent back to the trial court for post-trial proceedings, which resulted in the award of attorneys' fees to the operating subsidiaries. Pursuant to the rulings, the Texas Patron Fee is unconstitutional as applied to clubs featuring dancers using latex cover.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Indemnity Insurance Corporation
As previously reported, the Company and its subsidiaries were insured under a liability policy issued by Indemnity Insurance Corporation, RRG (“IIC”) through October 25, 2013. The Company and its subsidiaries changed insurance companies on that date.
On November 7, 2013, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Rehabilitation and Injunction Order (“Rehabilitation Order”), which declared IIC impaired, insolvent and in an unsafe condition and placed IIC under the supervision of the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Delaware (“Commissioner”) in her capacity as receiver (“Receiver”). The Rehabilitation Order empowered the Commissioner to rehabilitate IIC through a variety of means, including gathering assets and marshaling those assets as necessary. Further, the order stayed or abated pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer until May 6, 2014.
On April 10, 2014, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Liquidation and Injunction Order With Bar Date (“Liquidation Order”), which ordered the liquidation of IIC and terminated all insurance policies or contracts of insurance issued by IIC. The Liquidation Order further ordered that all claims against IIC must have been filed with the Receiver before the close of business on January 16, 2015 and that all pending lawsuits involving IIC as the insurer were further stayed or abated until October 7, 2014. As a result, the Company and its subsidiaries no longer had insurance coverage under the liability policy with IIC. The Company has retained counsel to defend against and evaluate these claims and lawsuits. We are funding 100% of the costs of litigation and will seek reimbursement from the bankruptcy receiver. The Company filed the appropriate claims against IIC with the Receiver before the January 16, 2015 deadline and has provided updates as requested; however, there are no assurances of any recovery from these claims. It is unknown at this time what effect this uncertainty will have on the Company. As previously stated, since October 25, 2013, the Company has obtained general liability coverage from other insurers, which have covered and/or will cover any claims arising from actions after that date. As of March 31, 2023, we have 1 remaining unresolved claim out of the original 71 claims.
Shareholder Derivative Action

On January 21, 2022, Shiva Stein and Kevin McCarty filed a shareholder derivative action in the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division against former director Nourdean Anakar, Yura Barabash, former director Steven L. Jenkins, Eric Langan, Luke Lirot, former CFO Phillip K. Marshall, Elaine J. Martin, Allan Priaulx, and Travis Reese as defendants, as well as against RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. as nominal defendant. The action, styled Stein v. Anakar, et al., No. 4:22-mc-00149 (S.D. Tex.), alleges claims for breach of fiduciary duty based on alleged dissemination of inaccurate information and failure to maintain internal controls. These allegations are substantively similar to claims asserted in a prior securities class action that was settled in August of 2022 and a prior derivative action that was dismissed in June of 2021. Plaintiffs do not demand any specific amount of damages, which if awarded would be paid by the individual defendants to the Company. Plaintiffs also seek unspecified changes to the Company’s internal controls. On April 2, 2022, the Company and its current and former officers and directors named in the shareholder derivative complaint filed Motions to Dismiss. On March 31, 2023, the Court denied the Company’s motion, which was based on its rejections of the shareholders’ pre-litigation demands that the Company sue the individual defendants; granted the motion of two current individuals who were not members of the Company’s Board of Directors at the time of the alleged events at issue, Ms. Martin and Mr. Priaulx; and denied the motions of the remaining defendants. RCI intends to vigorously defend its position.
Other
On June 23, 2014, Mark H. Dupray and Ashlee Dupray filed a lawsuit against Pedro Antonio Panameno and our subsidiary JAI Dining Services (Phoenix) Inc. (“JAI Phoenix”) in the Superior Court of Arizona for Maricopa County. The suit alleged that Mr. Panameno injured Mr. Dupray in a traffic accident after being served alcohol at an establishment operated by JAI Phoenix. The suit alleged that JAI Phoenix was liable under theories of common law dram shop negligence and dram shop negligence per se. After a jury trial proceeded to a verdict in favor of the plaintiffs against both defendants, in April 2017 the Court entered a judgment under which JAI Phoenix’s share of compensatory damages is approximately $1.4 million and its share of punitive damages is $4.0 million. In May 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a motion for judgment as a matter of law or, in the alternative, motion for new trial. The Court denied this motion in August 2017. In September 2017, JAI Phoenix filed a notice of appeal. In June 2018, the matter was heard by the Arizona Court of Appeals. On November 15, 2018 the Court of Appeals vacated the jury’s verdict and remanded the case to the trial court. It is anticipated that a new trial will occur at some point in the future. JAI Phoenix will continue to vigorously defend itself.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
As set forth in the risk factors as disclosed in this report, the adult entertainment industry standard is to classify adult entertainers as independent contractors, not employees. While we take steps to ensure that our adult entertainers are deemed independent contractors, from time to time, we are named in lawsuits related to the alleged misclassification of entertainers. Claims are brought under both federal and where applicable, state law. Based on the industry standard, the manner in which the independent contractor entertainers are treated at the clubs, and the entertainer license agreements governing the entertainer’s work at the clubs, the Company believes that these lawsuits are without merit. Lawsuits are handled by attorneys with an expertise in the relevant law and are defended vigorously.
In March 2023, the New York State Department of Labor assessed a final judgment against one of our subsidiaries in a state unemployment tax matter for the years 2009-2022. The assessment of $2.8 million, which was recorded by the Company during the quarter ended March 31, 2023, was issued in final notice by the NY DOL after several appeals were denied by the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Appellate Division, Third Department.
General
In the regular course of business affairs and operations, we are subject to possible loss contingencies arising from third-party litigation and federal, state, and local environmental, labor, health and safety laws and regulations. We assess the probability that we could incur liability in connection with certain of these lawsuits. Our assessments are made in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as codified in ASC 450-20, and is not an admission of any liability on the part of the Company or any of its subsidiaries. In certain cases that are in the early stages and in light of the uncertainties surrounding them, we do not currently possess sufficient information to determine a range of reasonably possible liability. In matters where there is insurance coverage, in the event we incur any liability, we believe it is unlikely we would incur losses in connection with these claims in excess of our insurance coverage.
Settlements of lawsuits for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023 amount to $3.1 million and $3.1 million, respectively, and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 amount to approximately $385,000 and $577,000, respectively. As of March 31, 2023 and September 30, 2022, the Company has accrued $3.1 million and $246,000 in accrued liabilities, respectively, related to settlement of lawsuits.
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
11. Segment Information
The Company owns and operates adult nightclubs and Bombshells Restaurants and Bars. The Company has identified such segments based on management responsibility and the nature of the Company’s products, services and costs. There are no major distinctions in geographical areas served as all operations are in the United States. The Company measures segment profit (loss) as income (loss) from operations. Segment assets are those assets controlled by each reportable segment. The Other category below includes our media and energy drink divisions that are not significant to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Below is the financial information related to the Company’s segments (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
2023202220232022
Revenues (from external customers)
Nightclubs$57,031 $48,174 $113,356 $94,955 
Bombshells14,315 15,333 27,746 30,104 
Other171 185 383 469 
$71,517 $63,692 $141,485 $125,528 
Income (loss) from operations
Nightclubs$17,995 $19,126 $40,735 $37,862 
Bombshells1,775 3,468 3,622 6,270 
Other(168)(34)(353)(77)
Corporate(6,175)(5,479)(13,679)(11,063)
$13,427 $17,081 $30,325 $32,992 
Depreciation and amortization
Nightclubs$2,464 $2,206 $4,949 $3,753 
Bombshells931 454 1,389 883 
Other63 126 13 
Corporate302 210 603 422 
$3,760 $2,877 $7,067 $5,071 
Capital expenditures
Nightclubs$1,214 $1,662 $5,358 $10,890 
Bombshells5,508 1,901 13,827 2,205 
Other41 359 78 548 
Corporate1,574 218 1,627 347 
$8,337 $4,140 $20,890 $13,990 
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
March 31, 2023September 30, 2022
Total assets
Nightclubs$503,697 $437,096 
Bombshells76,171 62,021 
Other2,751 2,635 
Corporate38,512 28,986 
$621,131 $530,738 
Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended March 31, 2023 amounting to $3.9 million and $31,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2023 amounting to $7.6 million and $262,000, respectively; and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023 amounting to $78,000 and $115,000, respectively. Excluded from revenues in the table above are intercompany rental revenues of the Nightclubs and Corporate segments for the three months ended March 31, 2022 amounting to $3.3 million and $31,000, and for the six months ended March 31, 2022 amounting to $6.5 million and $199,000, respectively; and intercompany sales of Robust Energy Drink included in Other segment for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 amounting to $53,000 and $122,000, respectively. These intercompany revenue amounts are eliminated upon consolidation.
General corporate expenses include corporate salaries, health insurance and social security taxes for officers, legal, accounting and information technology employees, corporate taxes and insurance, legal and accounting fees, depreciation and other corporate costs such as automobile and travel costs. Management considers these to be non-allocable costs for segment purposes.
Certain real estate assets previously wholly assigned to Bombshells have been subdivided and allocated to other future development or investment projects. Accordingly, those asset costs have been transferred out of the Bombshells segment.
As of March 31, 2023, we reclassified $9.4 million of goodwill from Corporate to Nightclubs and $4.7 million of prepaid insurance to $3.7 million in Nightclubs, $961,000 in Bombshells, and $29,000 in Other. As of September 30, 2022, we reclassified $9.0 million of goodwill from Corporate to Nightclubs to conform to current year presentation. See Note 1.
12. Related Party Transactions
Presently, our Chairman and President, Eric Langan, personally guarantees all of the commercial bank indebtedness of the Company. Mr. Langan receives no compensation or other direct financial benefit for any of the guarantees. The balance of our commercial bank indebtedness, net of debt discount and issuance costs, as of March 31, 2023 and September 30, 2022, was $119.1 million and $115.1 million, respectively.
Included in the $17.0 million borrowing on October 12, 2021 are notes borrowed from related parties—one note for $500,000 (Ed Anakar, an employee of the Company and brother of our former director Nourdean Anakar) and another note for $150,000 (from a brother of Company CFO, Bradley Chhay) in which the terms of the notes are the same as the rest of the lender group.
We used the services of Nottingham Creations, and previously Sherwood Forest Creations, LLC, both furniture fabrication companies that manufacture tables, chairs and other furnishings for our Bombshells locations, as well as providing ongoing maintenance. Nottingham Creations is owned by a brother of Eric Langan (as was Sherwood Forest). Amounts billed to us for goods and services provided by Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest were $188,285 and $188,285 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, and $3,112 and $27,149 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, respectively. As of March 31, 2023 and September 30, 2022, we owed Nottingham Creations and Sherwood Forest $110,809 and $92,808, respectively, in unpaid billings.
TW Mechanical LLC provided plumbing and HVAC services to both a third-party general contractor providing construction services to the Company, as well as directly to the Company during fiscal 2023 and 2022. A son-in-law of Eric Langan owns a 50% interest in TW Mechanical. Amounts billed by TW Mechanical to the third-party general
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RCI HOSPITALITY HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
contractor were $18,000 and $64,000 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, and $3,809 and $3,809 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, respectively. Amounts billed directly to the Company were $379 and $379 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, respectively, and $3,704 and $84,700 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, respectively. As of March 31, 2023 and September 30, 2022, the Company owed TW Mechanical $0 and $9,338, respectively, in unpaid direct billings.
13. Leases
Total lease expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
2023202220232022
Operating lease expense – fixed payments$1,288 $1,136 $2,547 $2,267 
Variable lease expense359 233 786 567 
Short-term and other lease expense (includes $63 and $58 recorded in advertising and marketing for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $127 and $130 for the six months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively; and $138 and $107 recorded in repairs and maintenance for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $265 and $190 for the six months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively; see Note 6)
319 368 586 698 
Sublease income— (1)— (3)
Total lease expense, net$1,966 $1,736 $3,919 $3,529 
Other information:
Operating cash outflows from operating leases$1,920 $1,690 $3,830 $3,439 
Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases10.9 years12.0 years
Weighted average discount rate – operating leases5.7 %5.6 %
Future maturities of operating lease liabilities as of March 31, 2023 are as follows (in thousands):
Principal PaymentsInterest PaymentsTotal Payments
April 2023 - March 2024$2,951 $2,189 $5,140 
April 2024 - March 20253,185 2,016 5,201 
April 2025 - March 20263,460 1,829 5,289 
April 2026 - March 20273,665 1,626 5,291 
April 2027 - March 20283,303 1,423 4,726 
Thereafter22,816 5,313 28,129 
$39,380 $14,396 $53,776 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in this quarterly report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2022.
Overview
RCI Hospitality Holdings, Inc. (“RCIHH”) is a holding company. Through our subsidiaries, we engage in a number of activities in the hospitality and related businesses. All services and management operations are conducted by subsidiaries of RCIHH, including RCI Management Services, Inc.
Through our subsidiaries, as of March 31, 2023, we operated a total of 71 establishments that offer live adult entertainment, including two that are under renovation/remodeling, and/or restaurant and bar operations, including one food hall. We also operated a leading business communications company serving the multi-billion-dollar adult nightclubs industry. We have two principal reportable segments: Nightclubs and Bombshells. We combine operating segments not included in Nightclubs and Bombshells into “Other.” In the context of club and restaurant/sports bar operations, the terms the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” and similar terms used in this report refer to subsidiaries of RCIHH. RCIHH was incorporated in the State of Texas in 1994. Our corporate offices are located in Houston, Texas.
Current Operating Environment
Our fiscal 2020 was the period hardest hit by the COVID-19 pandemic causing a significant reduction in customer traffic in our clubs and restaurants due to changes in consumer behavior as social distancing practices, dining room closures and other restrictions were mandated or encouraged by federal, state and local governments. In fiscal 2021, our businesses started to recover from the initial effects of the pandemic when government restrictions eased. Stimulus money also flowed to the economy at that time which prompted increased discretionary spending. In fiscal 2022, several coronavirus variants threatened to bring back tight restrictions. Along with the pandemic, geopolitical and macroeconomic events started to affect the U.S. economy in general, with global inflation and supply chain disruptions impacting our businesses.
Toward the end of fiscal 2022 and continuing to the current fiscal year, geopolitical and macroeconomic events have impacted our operating results and cash flows by causing inflation on wages and other operating expenses. In the event global inflation leads to a major economic downturn, our business operations and cash flow could be significantly affected.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On a regular basis, we evaluate these estimates. These estimates are based on management’s historical industry experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
For a description of the accounting policies that, in management’s opinion, involve the most significant application of judgment or involve complex estimation and which could, if different judgment or estimates were made, materially affect our reported financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022 filed with the SEC on December 14, 2022.
During the three and six months ended March 31, 2023, there were no significant changes in our accounting policies and estimates.
Results of Operations
Highlights of the Company's operating results are as follows:
Second Quarter 2023
Total revenues were $71.5 million compared to $63.7 million during the comparable prior-year quarter, a 12.3% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $57.0 million compared to $48.2 million, a 18.4% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $14.3 million compared to $15.3 million, a 6.6% decrease)
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Consolidated same-store sales increased by 0.2% (Nightclubs increased by 3.7% while Bombshells decreased by 12.1%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of revenues below)
Basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) of $0.83 compared to $1.15 (non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $1.30 compared to $1.19) during the comparable prior-year quarter
Net cash provided by operating activities of $16.8 million compared to $11.6 million during the comparable prior-year quarter, a 44.8% increase (free cash flow* of $14.8 million compared to $11.1 million, a 33.3% increase)
Year-to-Date 2023
Total revenues were approximately $141.5 million compared to $125.5 million during the comparable prior-year year-to-date period, a 12.7% increase (Nightclubs revenue of $113.4 million compared to $95.0 million, a 19.4% increase; and Bombshells revenue of $27.7 million compared to $30.1 million, an 7.8% decrease)
Consolidated same-store sales decreased by 1.2% (Nightclubs increased by 2.6% while Bombshells decreased by 13.0%) (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the discussion of revenues below)
Basic and diluted EPS of $1.94 compared to $2.28 (non-GAAP diluted EPS of $2.50 compared to $2.29) during the comparable prior-year year-to-date period
Net cash provided by operating activities of $31.7 million compared to $27.9 million during the comparable prior-year year-to-date period, a 13.7% increase (free cash flow* of $27.8 million compared to $26.3 million, a 5.5% increase)
*Reconciliation and discussion of non-GAAP financial measures are included in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section below.
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The following table summarizes our results of operations as a percentage of revenue:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2023202220232022
Revenues
Sales of alcoholic beverages42.1 %42.9 %42.3 %42.8 %
Sales of food and merchandise15.4 %17.5 %15.1 %17.6 %
Service revenues35.9 %33.8 %36.2 %33.8 %
Other6.6 %5.8 %6.4 %5.8 %
Total revenues100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
Operating expenses
Cost of goods sold
Alcoholic beverages sold17.8 %17.9 %18.0 %18.1 %
Food and merchandise sold34.0 %34.4 %34.3 %35.4 %
Service and other0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0.2 %
Total cost of goods sold (exclusive of items shown separately below)12.7 %13.8 %12.8 %14.1 %
Salaries and wages27.2 %26.0 %26.9 %26.3 %
Selling, general and administrative30.8 %28.9 %31.6 %29.4 %
Depreciation and amortization5.3 %4.5 %5.0 %4.0 %
Other charges (gains), net5.3 %0.0 %2.2 %(0.1)%
Total operating expenses81.2 %73.2 %78.6 %73.7 %
Income from operations18.8 %26.8 %21.4 %26.3 %
Other income (expenses)
Interest expense(5.1)%(4.5)%(5.2)%(4.4)%
Interest income0.1 %0.2 %0.1 %0.2 %
Non-operating gains, net— %— %— %0.1 %
Income before income taxes13.8 %22.5 %16.4 %22.2 %
Income tax expense3.0 %5.3 %3.7 %5.0 %
Net income10.8 %17.2 %12.7 %17.2 %
*Percentages may not foot due to rounding. Percentage of revenue for individual cost of goods sold items pertains to their respective revenue line.
Revenues
Consolidated revenues for the second quarter increased by $7.8 million, or 12.3%, versus the comparable prior-year quarter due primarily to an 11.6% increase in sales from newly acquired clubs and new Bombshells openings. Consolidated revenues for the year-to-date period increased by $16.0 million, or 12.7%, compared to the prior-year year-to-date period mainly due to an increase in sales from newly acquired clubs and new Bombshells openings partially offset by the impact of consolidated same-store sales decline. Consolidated same-store sales increased by 0.2% for the quarter and decreased by 1.2% for the year-to-date period.
We calculate same-store sales by comparing year-over-year revenues from nightclubs and restaurants/sports bars starting in the first full quarter of operations after at least 12 full months for Nightclubs and at least 18 full months for Bombshells. We consider the first six months of operations of a Bombshells unit to be the “honeymoon period” where sales are significantly higher than normal. We exclude from a particular month’s calculation units previously included in the same-store sales base that have closed temporarily until its next full quarter of operations. We also exclude from the same-store sales base units that are being reconcepted or are closed due to renovations or remodels. Acquired units are included in the same-store sales calculation as long as they qualify based on the definition stated above. Revenues outside of our Nightclubs and Bombshells reportable segments are excluded from same-store sales calculation.
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Segment contribution to total revenues was as follows (in thousands, except percentages):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023MixThree Months Ended March 31, 2022MixInc (Dec) $Inc (Dec) %
Nightclubs
Sales of alcoholic beverages$22,191 38.9 %$18,673 38.8 %$3,518 18.8 %
Sales of food and merchandise4,823 8.5 %4,498 9.3 %325 7.2 %
Service revenues25,686 45.0 %21,501 44.6 %4,185 19.5 %
Other revenues4,331 7.6 %3,502 7.3 %829 23.7 %
57,031 100.0 %48,174 100.0 %8,857 18.4 %
Bombshells
Sales of alcoholic beverages7,945 55.5 %8,662 56.5 %(717)(8.3)%
Sales of food and merchandise6,182 43.2 %6,662 43.4 %(480)(7.2)%
Service revenues0.0 %— — %100.0 %
Other revenues184 1.3 %0.1 %175 1944.4 %
14,315 100.0 %15,333 100.0 %(1,018)(6.6)%
Other
Other revenues171 100.0 %185 100.0 %(14)(7.6)%
$71,517 $63,692 $7,825 12.3 %
Six Months Ended March 31, 2023MixSix Months Ended March 31, 2022MixInc (Dec) $Inc (Dec) %
Nightclubs
Sales of alcoholic beverages$44,289 39.1 %$36,840 38.8 %$7,449 20.2 %
Sales of food and merchandise9,417 8.3 %9,087 9.6 %330 3.6 %
Service revenues51,219 45.2 %42,185 44.4 %9,034 21.4 %
Other revenues8,431 7.4 %6,843 7.2 %1,588 23.2 %
113,356 100.0 %94,955 100.0 %18,401 19.4 %
Bombshells
Sales of alcoholic beverages15,497 55.9 %16,926 56.2 %(1,429)(8.4)%
Sales of food and merchandise11,935 43.0 %12,967 43.1 %(1,032)(8.0)%
Service revenues34 0.1 %192 0.6 %(158)(82.3)%
Other revenues280 1.0 %19 0.1 %261 1373.7 %
27,746 100.0 %30,104 100.0 %(2,358)(7.8)%
Other
Other revenues383 100.0 %469 100.0 %(86)(18.3)%
$141,485 $125,528 $15,957 12.7 %
Nightclubs revenues increased by 18.4% for the quarter ended March 31, 2023 compared to the prior-year quarter primarily due to the contribution of newly acquired clubs and the impact of the increase in same-store sales. For Nightclubs that were open enough days to qualify for same-store sales (refer to the definition of same-store sales in the preceding paragraph), sales increased by 3.7%. Newly acquired and remodeled clubs contributed a sales increase of $6.9 million to the total Nightclubs revenue increase of $8.9 million. By type of revenue, service revenue increased by 19.5%, alcoholic beverage sales increased by 18.8%, and food, merchandise and other revenue increased by 14.4%.
Bombshells revenues decreased by 6.6%, of which 12.1% was for same-store sales decrease with the offsetting increase caused by one new location and revenue from franchising operations. By type of revenue, food and merchandise sales decreased by 7.2% while alcoholic beverage sales decreased by 8.3%. Management believes that the decrease in total Bombshells revenue was mainly from higher customer spending in the prior year caused by government stimulus money.
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Operating Expenses
Total operating expenses, as a percent of revenues, increased to 81.2% from 73.2% from last year’s second quarter, with a $11.5 million increase, or 24.6%, which was mainly caused by costs and expenses directly related to higher sales in the current-year quarter, and stock-based compensation, amortization of SOB licenses, settlement of lawsuits and impairment of goodwill in the current quarter. Compared to last year's six-month period, the current six-month period total operating expenses as a percent of revenues increased to 78.6% from 73.7%, with a $18.6 million increase, or 20.1%, due to the same reasons cited above. Significant contributors to the changes in operating expenses are explained below.
Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold for the second quarter increased by $358,000, or 4.1%, mainly due to higher sales. As a percent of total revenues, cost of goods sold decreased to 12.7% from 13.8% mainly due to the sales mix increase in service revenue. Service revenue has the highest margin while food and merchandise have the lowest. Nightclubs cost of goods sold increased to 10.4% from 10.8%, while Bombshells cost of goods sold decreased to 22.2% from 23.0%.
Cost of goods sold for the six months increased by $476,000, or 2.7%, mainly due to higher sales. As a percent of total revenues, cost of goods sold decreased to 12.8% from 14.1% mainly due to the sales mix increase in service revenue. Service revenue has the highest margin while food and merchandise have the lowest. Nightclubs cost of goods sold decreased to 10.4% from 11.0%, while Bombshells cost of goods sold decreased to 22.6% from 23.7%.
Salaries and wages. Salaries and wages increased by $2.9 million, or 17.5%, for the second quarter due to increase in personnel from newly acquired clubs and new Bombshells openings, work shifts to accommodate the increase in sales, and the impact of minimum wage increases in certain states and cities. As a percent of total revenues, salaries and wages increased to 27.2% from 26.0% due to wage inflation. Nightclubs increased to 21.4% from 20.4% and Bombshells increased to 26.0% from 23.3%, while corporate was flat at 4.7%.
For the six-month period, salaries and wages increased by $5.1 million, or 15.3%. As a percent of total revenues, consolidated salaries and wages increased to 26.9% from 26.3%. Nightclubs increased to 21.1% from 20.4%, Bombshells increased to 26.3% from 24.0%, and corporate decreased to 4.7% from 4.9%.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $3.6 million, or 19.5%, primarily due to increased variable expenses related to higher sales during the current-year quarter and stock-based compensation. On a year-to-date period, selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $7.8 million, or 21.2%, due to the same reasons cited above. Dollar amounts in the tables below are in thousands, except percentages.
For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023
For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2022
Better (Worse)
Amount% of RevenuesAmount% of RevenuesAmount%
Taxes and permits$2,739 3.8 %$2,361 3.7 %$(378)(16.0)%
Advertising and marketing2,731 3.8 %2,248 3.5 %(483)(21.5)%
Supplies and services2,657 3.7 %2,175 3.4 %(482)(22.2)%
Insurance2,238 3.1 %2,481 3.9 %243 9.8 %
Legal1,296 1.8 %898 1.4 %(398)(44.3)%
Lease1,765 2.5 %1,572 2.5 %(193)(12.3)%
Charge card fees1,683 2.4 %1,466 2.3 %(217)(14.8)%
Utilities1,353 1.9 %1,108 1.7 %(245)(22.1)%
Security1,308 1.8 %1,050 1.6 %(258)(24.6)%
Stock-based compensation706 1.0 %— — %(706)(100.0)%
Accounting and professional fees657 0.9 %622 1.0 %(35)(5.6)%
Repairs and maintenance1,207 1.7 %903 1.4 %(304)(33.7)%
Other1,686 2.4 %1,553 2.4 %(133)(8.6)%
Total selling, general and administrative expenses$22,026 30.8 %$18,437 28.9 %$(3,589)(19.5)%
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For the Six Months Ended
March 31, 2023
For the Six Months Ended
March 31, 2022
Better (Worse)
Amount% of RevenuesAmount% of RevenuesAmount%
Taxes and permits$5,423 3.8 %$4,597 3.7